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Confuzion cover.jpg
Developer(s)Incentive Software
Publisher(s)Incentive Software
Programmer(s)Paul Shirley[1]
Composer(s)Rob Hubbard
Platform(s)ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC, Commodore 64, BBC Micro, Acorn Electron

Confuzion is a puzzle game developed and published by Incentive Software for the ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, BBC Micro, and Acorn Electron. The object is to guide a spark along a fuse wire. It is similar to the 1982 arcade game Loco-Motion. Confuzion was written by Paul Shirley who later wrote Spindizzy.[1]

Audio track[edit]

The cassette tape on which the game was supplied also contained an audio track also titled "Confusion", which was composed by the Band Private Property (Matt Smith Lyrics, Joanne Holt/Steve Salt Music) and performed by Joanne Holt, Matt Smith, Steve Salt, Chris Weller and Gary Seaward. Rob Hubbard translated the original track into the game's soundtrack.

The band persuaded Incentive Software to change their audio cassette duplication process from monophonic to stereophonic, so that the music could be better appreciated (mono was fine for the computer program data which was distributed on cassette tapes in the 80s).

Matt Smith, PhD has now switched from playing music on computer games to teaching and writing books about computer games. He is the senior lecturer in computing at the Institute of Technology Blanchardstown, Dublin, Ireland.

Joanne married Steve, and is a teacher. Steve is a cabinet maker in Oxfordshire.

The graphic design for the cover of the cassette was created by Matthew Tidbury. Matthew is the creator of a board game City of Zombies to help children have fun and learn about maths.


  1. ^ a b Hague, James. "The Giant List of Classic Game Programmers".

External links[edit]