Congjiang County

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Congjiang County
从江县
View of the county seat from along the Duliu River (17 August 2003)
View of the county seat from along the Duliu River (17 August 2003)
Congjiang is the southernmost division in this map of Qiandongnan
Congjiang is the southernmost division in this map of Qiandongnan
Qiandongnan in Guizhou
Qiandongnan in Guizhou
Coordinates (Congjiang County government): 25°45′15″N 108°54′19″E / 25.7542°N 108.9053°E / 25.7542; 108.9053Coordinates: 25°45′15″N 108°54′19″E / 25.7542°N 108.9053°E / 25.7542; 108.9053
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuizhou
Autonomous prefectureQiandongnan
Area
 • Total3,244 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total290,845
 • Density90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Congjiang County (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: 從江縣; pinyin: Cóngjiāng xiàn) is a county in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou, China. It is divided by the Duliu River (都柳江), the upper reaches of the Liu River, and borders Guangxi to the south.

It is an important transit point as the first county inside Guizhou on China National Highway 321 between Sanjiang (Guangxi) and Guiyang, the provincial capital. A large bridge spans the river and connects the city's two halves.

Languages[edit]

In Congjiang County, Miao consists of the following three dialects (Congjiang County Gazetteer 1999:129).

  • Dialectal area 1: parts of Jiajiu Town [zh] (加鸠镇); Zhaiping Township (寨坪乡) of Zaibian Town [zh] (宰便镇); Shangang (山岗) and Gaodiao (高吊) of Bingmei (丙梅)
  • Dialectal area 2: Zaibian (宰便), Xishan (西山) (similar to Rongshui Miao)
  • Dialectal area 3: Xiajiang (下江), Tingdong (停洞), Kongming (孔明乡)

Communities[edit]

The county seat is known as Congjiang.[1]

The community of Biasha or Basha is within the county. The population are Miao people, and the residents are allowed under the Chinese government to possess and use firearms as this is their cultural heritage.[2] Demonstrations of gun marksmanship and other activities serve as tourist attractions. Katia Andreassi of National Geographic described it as "one of the most visited towns in the area".[3] It is 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) from Congjiang town.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Congjiang (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
30.3
(86.5)
36.5
(97.7)
35.7
(96.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.8
(100.0)
39.2
(102.6)
38.5
(101.3)
37.2
(99.0)
35.8
(96.4)
31.1
(88.0)
28.3
(82.9)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.7
(56.7)
18.1
(64.6)
24.3
(75.7)
28.1
(82.6)
30.7
(87.3)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
30.4
(86.7)
24.9
(76.8)
20.4
(68.7)
15.1
(59.2)
23.6
(74.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
9.6
(49.3)
13.5
(56.3)
19.2
(66.6)
23.0
(73.4)
25.9
(78.6)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
24.2
(75.6)
19.5
(67.1)
14.9
(58.8)
9.8
(49.6)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.9
(44.4)
10.3
(50.5)
15.5
(59.9)
19.3
(66.7)
22.5
(72.5)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(73.9)
20.3
(68.5)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
6.4
(43.5)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.6
(40.3)
8.8
(47.8)
13.0
(55.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.6
(63.7)
12.6
(54.7)
5.1
(41.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41.1
(1.62)
51.4
(2.02)
67.9
(2.67)
108.4
(4.27)
190.7
(7.51)
210.9
(8.30)
171.4
(6.75)
119.3
(4.70)
76.5
(3.01)
65.6
(2.58)
51.6
(2.03)
31.2
(1.23)
1,186
(46.69)
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 79 79 81 83 81 82 80 81 80 77 80
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Picturing the changes among China's last gun tribe". China Daily. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Biasha: The last gunslinger village in China". China.org.cn. Xinhua. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  3. ^ Andreassi, Katia (July 2013). "Young Gun". National Geographic. Retrieved 27 January 2020. - Click "read more" to view article.
  4. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 5 November 2022.

External links[edit]