DR Congo national football team

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DR Congo
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) The Leopards
Association Fédération Congolaise de Football-Association (FECOFA)
Confederation CAF (Africa)
Sub-confederation UNIFFAC
(Central Africa)
Head coach Florent Ibengé
Captain Youssouf Mulumbu
Home stadium Stade des Martyrs
FIFA code COD
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 43 Decrease 4 (18 January 2018)
Highest 28 (July–August 2017)
Lowest 133 (October 2011)
Elo ranking
Current 63 Decrease 5 (07 January 2018)
Highest 20 (March 1974)
Lowest 111 (September 2010)
First international
Belgian Congo 3–2 Northern Rhodesia 
(Belgian Congo; 1948)
Biggest win
 DR Congo 10–1 Zambia 
(Kinshasa, Congo DR; 22 November 1969)
Biggest defeat
 Yugoslavia 9–0 Zaire
(Gelsenkirchen, West Germany; 18 June 1974)
World Cup
Appearances 1 (first in 1974)
Best result Round 1, 1974
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances 15 (first in 1965)
Best result Champions, 1968 and 1974
African Nations Championship
Appearances 4 (first in 2009)
Best result Champions, 2009 and 2016

The Democratic Republic of the Congo national football team (formerly known as Zaire, alternatively known as Congo-Kinshasa) is the national team of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is controlled by the Fédération Congolaise de Football-Association (FECOFA). They are nicknamed the Leopards.[1]

DR Congo have been ranked as high as 28 in the FIFA Rankings. As Zaire they were the first Sub-Saharan African team to qualify for the FIFA World Cup and twice won the Africa Cup of Nations.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The Fédération Congolaise de Football-Association (FECOFA) was founded in 1919 when the country was not independent. The team played their first game in 1948 as Belgian Congo against Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia. The team recorded a 3–2 victory at home. DR Congo has been FIFA affiliated since 1962 and has been a member of CAF since 1963. The team's first official match was on the 11 April 1963, against Mauritania in the L'Amitié Tournament played in Dakar, Senegal. DR Congo won the match 6–0.[2]

Glory period[edit]

The Democratic Republic of the Congo had its first international success at the 1968 African Cup of Nations held in Ethiopia, beating Ghana 1–0 in the final. The team's biggest ever win came on 22 November 1969 when they recorded a 10–1 home victory against Zambia. Although a handful of Congolese players were playing in Europe (particularly Belgium) during these years, foreign-based players were seldom recalled for international duty; a rare exception was Julien Kialunda who represented Zaire (as the country was by then known) at the 1972 African Cup of Nations while playing for Anderlecht.

The second continental title came at the 1974 African Cup of Nations in Egypt. The Leopards recorded a 2–1 victory against Guinea, another 2–1 victory against rivals Congo and a 4–1 victory against Mauritius. These results carried Zaire through to the semi-finals where they beat hosts Egypt 3–2. In the final, Zaire drew with Zambia 2–2. Therefore, the match was replayed two days later, where Zaire won the game 2–0. Zaire player Ndaye Mulamba was top scorer with nine goals, which remains a record for the tournament. After this, the team returned to Zaire on the Presidential plane, lent to them by Mobutu Sese Seko.

Zaire were the first Sub-Saharan African team to participate in a FIFA World Cup, qualifying for the 1974 tournament in place of 1970 participants Morocco, whom they defeated in the decisive qualifier 3-0 in Kinshasa.[3] Such was the desire to foster an identity of Zaire as a global player that Mobutu paid for advertising hoardings at the World Cup to display messages such as ‘Zaire-Peace’ and ‘Go to Zaire’.[4] At the tournament itself, Zaire did not manage to score any goals and lost all of its games, but gave credible performances against Scotland and Brazil. However, their 9–0 loss against Yugoslavia remains one of the worst World Cup defeats. A bizarre moment came in the match versus Brazil; facing a free-kick 25 yards out, defender Mwepu Ilunga, upon hearing the referee blow his whistle, ran out of the Zaire wall and kicked the ball upfield, for which he received a yellow card. This was voted the 17th greatest World Cup moment in a Channel 4 poll,[5] though many commentators held it to be an example of African football's "naïvety and indiscipline".[6] However, Ilunga has claimed that he was quite aware of the rules and was hoping to convince the referee to send him off. The intended red card would have been a protest against his country's authorities, who were alleged to be depriving the players of their earnings.[7]

Crisis period[edit]

After winning the 1974 African Cup of Nations and participating in the 1974 FIFA World Cup, the team was eliminated in the first round of the 1976 African Cup of Nations after recording a draw and two losses in the group stage. Morocco went on to win the tournament. From 1978 to 1986, the country did not qualify for the African Cup of Nations, while not participating in qualification for the 1978 FIFA World Cup and 1986 FIFA World Cup. In the 1988 African Cup of Nations, Zaire finished last in their group despite having two draws.

Return to success[edit]

From 1992 to 1996, Zaire, reached three consecutive African Cup of Nations quarter-finals. In 1992 and 1994 they were beaten by Nigeria, and in 1996 they were beaten by Ghana. In 1997, the country's name changed to DR Congo and the national team was re-branded as the Simbas, a nickname that stuck for the next nine years.[8] DR Congo played their first game on 8 June 1997 in Pointe-Noire which ended in a 1-0 loss to the Republic of the Congo. At the 1998 African Cup of Nations, DR Congo, led by Louis Watunda, surprisingly took third place, beating Cameroon in the quarter-finals and hosts Burkina Faso 4–1 on penalties in their last match after scoring three late goals to tie the encounter 4-4.

At the 2000 African Cup of Nations the team finished 3rd in their group, and in 2002 were eliminated in the quarter-finals by Senegal. Then in 2004, DR Congo were eliminated after 3 straight defeats in the group stages. In 2006, led by Claude Le Roy, having finished second in the group behind Cameroon, the Congolese were eliminated in the quarter-finals by Egypt 4–1.

Struggles[edit]

DR Congo were drawn in group 10 for qualifications for the 2008 African Cup of Nations, along with Libya, Namibia and Ethiopia. Before the last match day the Congolese led the group, but they drew 1–1 with Libya in their final match while Namibia beat Ethiopia 3–2. This sent Namibia through to the Finals, while the Leopards were eliminated. DR Congo also failed to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In 2009, DR Congo won the 2009 African Championship of Nations, a competition reserved to players in domestic leagues, a tournament they would again win in 2016. DR Congo reached the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations finals in South Africa but were knocked out in the group stages after drawing all three matches.

The Ibengé era[edit]

In the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, DR Congo again drew all three group matches but this time finished 2nd in the group behind Tunisia, and therefore advanced to the quarter-finals to play their rivals Republic of Congo, a match in which the Leopards came from two goals down to win 4–2. However, they were knocked out by the Ivory Coast 3–1 in the semi-finals. They ended up finishing third, beating Equatorial Guinea on penalties, after the third place match finished 0–0 in regulation time.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following players have been selected in the final squad for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Qualifier matches vs. Guinea on 11 November 2017.[9]

Caps and goals as of 11 November 2017, after the match vs. Guinea.[10]

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Ley Matampi (1989-04-18) 18 April 1989 (age 28) 30 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo TP Mazembe
23 1GK Joël Kiassumbua (1992-04-06) 6 April 1992 (age 25) 5 0 Switzerland Lugano
16 1GK Nathan Mabruki (1989-03-27) 27 March 1989 (age 28) 0 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo DCMP

2 2DF Issama Mpeko (1986-03-03) 3 March 1986 (age 31) 56 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo TP Mazembe
14 2DF Gabriel Zakuani (1986-05-31) 31 May 1986 (age 31) 30 0 England Gillingham
21 2DF Yannick Bangala Litombo (1994-04-12) 12 April 1994 (age 23) 18 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo V Club
3 2DF Fabrice N'Sakala (1990-07-21) 21 July 1990 (age 27) 11 0 Turkey Alanyaspor
5 2DF Marcel Tisserand (1993-01-10) 10 January 1993 (age 25) 12 0 Germany Wolfsburg
19 2DF Christian Luyindama (1994-01-08) 8 January 1994 (age 24) 3 0 Belgium Standard Liège
18 2DF Glody Ngonda Muzinga (1994-12-31) 31 December 1994 (age 23) 4 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo V Club
15 2DF Kevin Mondeko (1995-09-10) 10 September 1995 (age 22) 0 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo TP Mazembe

22 3MF Chancel Mbemba (1994-08-08) 8 August 1994 (age 23) 41 3 England Newcastle United
8 3MF Lema Mabidi (1993-06-11) 11 June 1993 (age 24) 21 0 Morocco Raja Casablanca
10 3MF Neeskens Kebano (1992-03-10) 10 March 1992 (age 25) 19 5 England Fulham
20 3MF Jacques Maghoma (1987-10-23) 23 October 1987 (age 30) 19 1 England Birmingham City
12 3MF Wilfred Moke (1988-02-12) 12 February 1988 (age 29) 4 0 Turkey Konyaspor
7 3MF Yeni N'Gbakoto (1992-01-23) 23 January 1992 (age 26) 3 1 England Queens Park Rangers
3MF Harrison Manzala (1990-03-06) 6 March 1990 (age 27) 0 0 France Amiens

13 4FW Ndombe Mubele (1990-04-17) 17 April 1990 (age 27) 43 9 France Rennes
9 4FW Jonathan Bolingi (1994-06-30) 30 June 1994 (age 23) 21 7 Belgium Mouscron
11 4FW Jeremy Bokila (1988-11-14) 14 November 1988 (age 29) 20 6 Romania Dinamo București
6 4FW Junior Kabananga (1989-04-04) 4 April 1989 (age 28) 20 4 Kazakhstan Astana
4 4FW Arnold Issoko (1992-04-06) 6 April 1992 (age 25) 1 0 Portugal Vitória

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up for DR Congo in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Mulopo Kudimbana (1987-01-21) 21 January 1987 (age 31) 9 0 Belgium Union SG v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
GK Franck Nkela (1984-09-25) 25 September 1984 (age 33) 3 0 Unattached v.  Congo, 10 June, 2017
GK Ngemba Michael Luyambula (1999-06-08) 8 June 1999 (age 18) 0 0 Germany Borussia Dortmund II v.  Congo, 10 June, 2017

DF Jordan Ikoko (1994-02-03) 3 February 1994 (age 23) 6 0 France Guingamp v.  Libya, 7 October, 2017 INJ
DF Padou Bompunga (1992-01-30) 30 January 1992 (age 25) 17 2 Democratic Republic of the Congo V Club v.  Tunisia, 5 September, 2017
DF Vital N'Simba (1993-07-08) 8 July 1993 (age 24) 1 0 France Bourg Péronnas v.  Tunisia, 5 September, 2017
DF Arthur Masuaku (1993-11-07) 7 November 1993 (age 24) 0 0 England West Ham United v.  Tunisia, 5 September, 2017
DF Christian Maghoma (1997-11-08) 8 November 1997 (age 20) 1 0 England Tottenham Hotspur v.  Congo, 10 June, 2017
DF Joyce Lomalisa (1993-06-18) 18 June 1993 (age 24) 23 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo V Club 2017 Africa Cup of Nations

MF Rémi Mulumba (1992-11-02) 2 November 1992 (age 25) 12 0 France Gazélec Ajaccio v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
MF Paul-José M'Poku (1992-04-19) 19 April 1992 (age 25) 10 6 Belgium Standard Liège v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
MF Gaël Kakuta (1991-06-21) 21 June 1991 (age 26) 4 1 France Amiens v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
MF Chadrac Akolo (1995-04-01) 1 April 1995 (age 22) 1 0 Germany Stuttgart v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
MF Merveille Bokadi Bope (1992-05-21) 21 May 1992 (age 25) 19 1 Belgium Standard Liège v.  Libya, 7 October, 2017 INJ
MF Wilson Kamavuaka (1990-03-29) 29 March 1990 (age 27) 10 0 Germany SV Darmstadt 98 v.  Kenya, March 26, 2017
MF Jordan Nkololo (1992-11-09) 9 November 1992 (age 25) 5 2 France Laval v.  Kenya, March 26, 2017
MF Jonathan Bijimine (1994-07-09) 9 July 1994 (age 23) 1 0 Spain Córdoba v.  Kenya, March 26, 2017
MF Aaron Tshibola (1995-01-02) 2 January 1995 (age 23) 0 0 England Aston Villa v.  Kenya, March 26, 2017
MF Youssouf Mulumbu (1987-01-25) 25 January 1987 (age 30) 39 1 England Norwich City 2017 Africa Cup of Nations

FW Jordan Botaka (1993-06-24) 24 June 1993 (age 24) 15 4 Belgium Sint-Truiden v.  Guinea, 11 November, 2017 INJ
FW Cédric Bakambu (1991-04-11) 11 April 1991 (age 26) 16 7 Spain Villarreal v.  Libya, 7 October, 2017
FW Benik Afobe (1993-02-12) 12 February 1993 (age 24) 3 1 England Bournemouth v.  Tunisia, 5 September, 2017
FW Elias Kachunga (1992-04-22) 22 April 1992 (age 25) 1 0 England Huddersfield Town v.  Tunisia, 5 September, 2017
FW Ricky Tulengi (1993-02-02) 2 February 1993 (age 24) 0 0 Democratic Republic of the Congo DCMP v.  Congo, 10 June, 2017
FW Dieumerci Mbokani (1985-11-22) 22 November 1985 (age 32) 40 17 Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 2017 Africa Cup of NationsRET[11]
Notes
  • DEC Player refused to join the team after the call-up.
  • INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
  • PRE Preliminary Squad.
  • RET Player has retired from international football.
  • SUS Suspended from the national team.

Personnel[edit]

Position Name Notes
Head Coach Democratic Republic of the Congo Florent Ibengé
Technical Director Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Mukeba
Media Officer Democratic Republic of the Congo Gérard-Désiré Angengwa

Results and fixtures[edit]

  Win   Draw   Loss

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

Competitive record[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
Belgium Belgian colony
Uruguay 1930 to
Sweden 1958
Part of Belgium
Played as  Zaire
Chile 1962 to
England 1966
Did not enter
Mexico 1970 Entry not accepted[13]
West Germany 1974 Group Stage 16th 3 0 0 3 0 14
Argentina 1978 Withdrew
Spain 1982 Did not qualify
Mexico 1986 Banned
Italy 1990 Did not qualify
United States 1994
Played as  DR Congo
France 1998 to
Russia 2018
Did not qualify
Qatar 2022 To be determined
Total Group Stage 1/21 3 0 0 3 0 14

African Nations Cup[edit]

African Cup of Nations
Titles: 2
Appearances: 15
Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
Sudan 1957 Did not enter Ethiopia 1976 Round 1 Tunisia 1994 Quarter-Finals Equatorial GuineaGabon 2012 Did not qualify
Egypt 1959 Did not enter Ghana 1978 Did not enter South Africa 1996 Quarter-Finals South Africa 2013 Round 1
Ethiopia 1962 Did not enter Nigeria 1980 Did not qualify Burkina Faso 1998 Third place Equatorial Guinea 2015 Third place
Ghana 1963 Did not enter Libya 1982 Did not qualify GhanaNigeria 2000 Round 1 Gabon 2017 Quarter-Finals
Tunisia 1965 Round 1 Ivory Coast 1984 Withdrew Mali 2002 Quarter-Finals Cameroon 2019 To be determined
Ethiopia 1968 Champions Egypt 1986 Did not qualify Tunisia 2004 Round 1 Ivory Coast 2021 To be determined
Sudan 1970 Round 1 Morocco 1988 Round 1 Egypt 2006 Quarter-Finals Guinea 2023 To be determined
Cameroon 1972 Fourth Place Algeria 1990 Did not qualify Ghana 2008 Did not qualify
Egypt 1974 Champions Senegal 1992 Quarter-Finals Angola 2010 Did not qualify

List of coaches[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]