Congratulations (Cliff Richard song)
|Single by Cliff Richard|
|B-side||"High n Dry" (Cook-Greenaway)|
|Released||March 1968 (entered UK chart on 20 March)|
|Recorded||3 February 1968, EMI Studios, London|
|Genre||Pop music, schlager|
|Writer(s)||Bill Martin, Phil Coulter|
|Cliff Richard singles chronology|
"Congratulations" is a song written by Bill Martin and Phil Coulter, as the UK entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1968 on 6 April with Cliff Richard performing. The song was arranged, conducted and produced by Norrie Paramor who was also musical director for the contest, which was held at London's Royal Albert Hall.
Phil Coulter originally wrote the song as "I Think I Love You", but was unsure of the lyrics and got together with Bill Martin (the same team that wrote "Puppet on a String"), who changed it to "Congratulations". The song was immediately popular in the UK and became a number one single. On the day of the contest, it was the favourite to win, so much so that the British press were posing the question: "What will come second to 'Congratulations'?"
During the voting, "Congratulations" was leading for much of the way until the penultimate vote when Germany gave Spain six points, putting them one point ahead of the United Kingdom. It finished second losing to Spain's entry "La, la, la" by just one point, and was a huge hit throughout Europe. In 2008, documentary film-maker Montse Fernandez Vila claimed that the loss was the result of rigging of the Spanish vote by state television on behalf of General Franco's fascist regime.
However José María Íñigo, the person that made such claims in the documentary quickly said that his words were taken out of context and said that the channel that produced the documentary, laSexta, who was the promoter of the Spanish representative that year, Rodolfo Chikilicuatre, had manipulated his words to help promote their candidate. He said: "if there had been such a manipulation, it would have been for a different artist who had been closer to the regime".
The song is still popular and was chosen to lead the show which celebrated 50 years of Eurovision and which was named after it: Congratulations. Also, Richard performed the song as part of the commemorations for the 50th anniversary of VE Day in 1995, despite its having been written long after World War II's end.
- Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 116. ISBN 0-85112-250-7.
- www.andtheconductoris.eu. "And the conductor is...". Andtheconductoris.eu. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- Nul Points...?!, BBC Television, 1992
- The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. O'Connor, John Kennedy. Carlton Books 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
- Fiona Govan (5 May 2008). "How Franco cheated Cliff out of Eurovision title". Daily Telegraph.
- "Massiel e Iñigo acusan a La Sexta de 'urdir todo para favorecer a Chikilicuatre'". elmundo.es. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Cliff Richard - Congratulations: Cliff Sings 6 Songs For Europe - Columbia - UK". 45cat. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- "South Africa Charts 1965-1989 - Springbok Radio / Radio Orion". Retrieved 22 December 2016.
"Lady Madonna" by The Beatles
|UK number one single
(Cliff Richard version)
10 April 1968 for two weeks
"What a Wonderful World"/"Cabaret" by Louis Armstrong
"Puppet on a String"
by Sandie Shaw
|United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest