Congregation Beth Israel (Worcester, Massachusetts)
|Location||15 Jamesbury Drive,
|Leadership||Rabbi: Aviva Fellman
Cantor: Jeri Robins
|Construction cost||$735,000 (today $6 million)|
Social hall: 950
Congregation Beth Israel (Hebrew: בית ישראל) is an egalitarian Conservative congregation located at 15 Jamesbury Drive in Worcester, Massachusetts. Founded in 1924 as an Orthodox synagogue, it formally affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism in 1949, and describes itself as the "leading Conservative congregation in Central Massachusetts."
The congregation hired its first permanent rabbi in 1938. Subsequent rabbis have included Israel Chodos (1939-1942), Herbert Ribner (1948–1955), Abraham Kazis (1955–1971), Baruch Goldstein (1971–1986), and Jay Rosenbaum (1983–2003). In 1994, the synagogue and Rosenbaum were the subject of the book And They Shall be My People: An American Rabbi and His Congregation by Paul Wilkes.
Joel Pitkowsky succeeded Rosenbaum as rabbi in 2003. Pitkowsky left in 2011 and was succeeded by Rabbi Steven Schwarzman. Rabbi Schwarzman left in 2014 and was succeeded by Rabbi Aviva Fellman.
Beth Israel was founded in 1924 as an Orthodox synagogue. The congregation initially worshiped at 835 Pleasant Street, in a house that had room for up to 75 worshipers. That same year it also founded a Sunday school.
Beth Israel hired its first permanent rabbi in 1938, and constructed its first building, on Pleasant Street (replacing the existing house) in 1941, at a cost of $42,000 (today $720,000). The new building's sanctuary could accommodate 450 people. After World War II the congregation grew rapidly, from 242 member families in 1945, to 451 in 1953; by then the Hebrew school had 261 children in it. In 1945 the congregation voted to become Conservative, and in 1949 formally joined the United Synagogue of America (now United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism).
Herbert Ribner served as rabbi from 1948 to 1955, and was followed by Abraham Kazis in 1955. In 1957, Beth Israel was the second largest of Worcester's eleven Jewish congregations, with 532 member families; the largest, the Reform Temple Emanuel, had 1,340 member families (42 families were members of both).
Jamesbury Drive building
In 1953, Beth Israel purchased 12.9 acres (5.2 ha) of land on Jamesbury Drive for $42,000 (today $350,000), and began construction of their current building on it in 1958. Completed in 1959, the building cost $735,000 (today $6 million), of which over $300,000 (today $2.5 million) was mortgaged. The building had a main sanctuary that sat 476, a chapel with seating for 110, and a social hall that could accommodate up to 950 people. For the High Holidays, the sanctuary could be expanded into the social hall, providing seating for 1,450. The mortgage was retired in 15 years. The structure at 835 Pleasant Street was sold on September 10, 1959 to the Orthodox Shaarai Torah Synagogue, to serve as its west side branch.
Kazis was succeeded as congregational rabbi by Baruch Goldstein in 1971. A native of Mława (then in East Prussia), Goldstein had been sent to Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942. His entire family perished in the Holocaust, but he survived and emigrated to the United States, where he became a rabbi.
1990s to present
In the early 1990s, the congregation still numbered around 530 member families. In 1994, the synagogue and Rosenbaum were the subject of the book And They Shall be My People: An American Rabbi and His Congregation, the observations of Paul Wilkes, who had spent two and a half years with Rosenbaum and the congregation.
During that period, the synagogue operated with annual budget deficit, which had risen to $210,000 (today $360,000). The board of directors raised annual dues from $650 (today $1,100) to $950 (today $1,600), but membership fell to 499 families, and Wilkes was concerned that Rosenbaum's job was threatened. By 1995, however, the deficit had been eliminated, and Rosenbaum was signed to a new three-year contract.
In the fall of 2001, Hazzan Devin Goldenberg was elected the Congregation's cantor, succeeding Hazzan Stephen Freedman. When Rabbi Rosenbaum left to lead Herzl-Ner Tamid Congregation in Mercer Island, Washington in the Spring of 2002, Hazzan Goldenberg continued to lead the Congregation alone until the Fall of 2003 when he was joined by Rabbi Joel Pitkowsky. Rabbi Pitkowsky, a graduate of Rutgers University and who received his ordination at the JTSA in 2001, had served as assistant rabbi of Conservative Synagogue Adath Israel of Riverdale before joining Beth Israel. Marina Shemesh joined as cantor in 2004. She was succeeded in 2010 by Elise Barber, a fifth year cantorial student at Hebrew College.
In 2014, Beth Israel hired its first female rabbi, Aviva Fellman.
- Rabbi, Beth Israel website.
- Aframe (2009), pp. 11–12.
- Wilkes (2000), p. 16.
- Synagogue Facilities, Beth Israel website.
- Beth Israel website.
- A Brief History of Congregation Beth Israel, Beth Israel website.
- About us, Beth Israel website.
- According to A Brief History of Congregation Beth Israel, Beth Israel website and Feingold (1991), p. 50. Borer (2009) gives the year as 1939.
- Borer (2009).
- Wilkes (2000), p. 348.
- Wilkes (2000), p. 344.
- Porter, Laura. Congregation Beth Israel Welcomes New Rabbi to Pulpit. Jewish Central Voice, Aug 2011.
- Wilkes (2000), p. 54.
- Worcester Jewish Federation (1958), p. 11.
- Feingold (1991), p. 50.
- Kuffner (2005).
- New books, University of Alabama Press, p. 7.
- Rabbi, Staff & Leaders, Herzl-Ner Tamid website.
- Wilkes (2000), p. 336.
- Flippen (September 22, 1995).
- Flippen (September 23, 1995).
- Cantor, Beth Israel website.
- Elise Barber,Cantorial Soloist, Beth Israel website.
- Anonymous. "Worcester Rabbi to Speak Here Thursday Night." The New London Evening Day, Nov 19 1940.
- Anonymous. "Beth El Elects Rabbi Chodos of Worcester." The Jewish Post (Indiana ed.) v. 11, no. 11, Aug 14 1942.
- Anonymous. "Temple Anshe Amonim To Celebrate 75th Anniversary." The Berkshire Evening Eagle, May 20 1944.
- Aframe, Jay Z. "A Tribute to the Beth Israel Family", Beth Israel Word, Winter 2009.
- Borer, Howard. Worcester, Jewish Virtual Library, 2009. Accessed March 11, 2010.
- Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- About us, Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- Cantor, Congregation Beth Israel website, archived at the Internet Archive November 12, 2007. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- Elise Barber,Cantorial Soloist, Staff and Clergy, About Us, Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- Rabbi Joel Pitkowsky, Staff and Clergy, About Us, Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- A Brief History of Congregation Beth Israel, Who We Are, About Us, Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- Synagogue Facilities, Who We Are, About Us, Congregation Beth Israel website. Accessed March 11, 2012.
- Feingold, Norma. Shaarai Torah: Life Cycle of a Synagogue, Worcester Historical Museum, 1991.
- Flippen, Alan. "A rabbi copes with high holiday Jews", Kingman Daily Miner (Associated Press), September 22, 1995.
- Flippen, Alan. "Many heed the call of High Holidays", Deseret News (Associated Press), September 23, 1995.
- Rabbi, Staff & Leaders, Herzl-Ner Tamid website. Accessed March 11, 2010.
- Kuffner, Alex. "I'm going to tell you a sad story", The Providence Journal, June 2, 2005.
- ""New books"" (PDF). (1.95 MB), University of Alabama Press catalog, Fall/Winter 2008.
- Wilkes, Paul. And They Shall be My People: An American Rabbi and His Congregation, Grove Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-8021-3725-8
- ""The Jews of Worcester: A Population Study"" (PDF). (582 KB), Worcester Jewish Federation, 1958.