Congress Working Committee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Congress Working Committee (CWC) is the executive committee of the Indian National Congress. It was formed in December 1920 at Nagpur session of INC which was headed by C. Vijayaraghavachariar. It typically consists of fifteen members elected from the All India Congress Committee. It is headed by the Working President.

Mahatma Gandhi attends a Congress Working Committee meeting at Anand Bhavan, Allahabad; Vallabhbhai Patel to the left, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit to the right, January 1940.

The Working Committee has had different levels of power in the party at different times. In the period prior to independence in 1947, the Working Committee was the centre of power, and the Working President was frequently more active than the Congress President. In the period after 1967, when the Congress Party split for the first time (between factions loyal to Indira Gandhi and those led by the Syndicate of regional bosses including Kamaraj, Prafulla Chandra Sen, Ajoy Mukherjee, and Morarji Desai), the power of the Working Committee declined; but Indira Gandhi's triumph in 1971 led to a re-centralisation of power away from the states and the All-India Congress Committee and caused the Working Committee in Delhi to once again be the paramount decision-making body of the party.[1] The centralised nature of Congress decision making has since caused observers in the states to informally describe instructions from Delhi as coming from the "High Command".

Composition[edit]

President

Members[2]

  1. Manmohan Singh Former PM, MP
  2. Rahul Gandhi MP
  3. Mallikarjun Kharge MP
  4. Ghulam Nabi Azad MP, Leader of the Opposition, Rajya Sabha
  5. A. K. Antony MP
  6. Ahmed Patel MP
  7. Ambika Soni MP
  8. Anand Sharma MP
  9. Harish Rawat Former Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
  10. K.C Venugopal MP
  11. Mukul Wasnik Ex Union Minister
  12. Oommen Chandy Former Chief Minister of Kerala
  13. Ajay Maken Ex MP
  14. Priyanka Gandhi Vadra
  15. P. Chidambaram MP
  16. Jitendra Singh Ex Union Minister
  17. Tariq Anwar Ex MP
  18. Randeep Surjewala
  19. Gaikhangam Gangmei Ex Dy CM, Manipur
  20. Raghuveer Meena Ex MP
  21. Tarun Gogoi Former Chief Minister of Assam

Permanent Invitees[3]

  1. Digvijaya Singh MP
  2. Meira Kumar Former Speaker of Lok Sabha
  3. Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury MP
  4. Jairam Ramesh MP
  5. Salman Khurshid Ex MP
  6. Avinash Pandey
  7. K. H. Muniyappa Ex MP
  8. Pramod Tiwari MP
  9. Tariq Hameed Karra Ex MP
  10. Pawan Kumar Bansal Ex MP
  11. Rajni Patil Ex MP
  12. P. L. Punia MP
  13. R. P. N. Singh Ex Union Minister
  14. Shaktisinh Gohil MP
  15. Rajiv Satav MP
  16. Rajeev Shukla Ex MP
  17. Jitin Prasada Ex MP
  18. Dinesh Gundu Rao MLA
  19. Manickam Tagore MP
  20. A. Chellakumar MP
  21. H. K. Patil MLA
  22. Devender Yadav
  23. Vivek Basnal
  24. Manish Chatrath
  25. Bhakta Charan Das
  26. Kuljit Singh Nagra

Special Invitees[4]

  1. Depender Hooda MP
  2. Kuldeep Bishnoi MLA
  3. Chinta Mohan Ex-MP
  4. Sachin Rao Incharge, Training
  5. Sushmita Dev President, AIMC
  6. Lalji Desai Chief Organiser, Seva Dal
  7. G. Sanjeeva Reddy President, INTUC
  8. Neeraj Kundan President, NSUI
  9. Srinivas BV President, IYC

Criticism[edit]

The Congress has not held internal elections to CWC for nearly 20 years and last elections were held in 1998.[5] In 2017 Election Commission ordered it to hold internal elections[6] but as of 2020 no elections were held.[7] When Congress was trying to forge an alliance with ideologically opposite Shiv Sena in Maharashtra in 2019, Congress leader Sanjay Nirupam publicly urged Sonia Gandhi to dissolve the CWC, saying "they cannot be trusted anymore."[8] Ever since Rahul Gandhi's resignation as party president in July 2019, there is persistent confusion over whether he continues to be a CWC member or not.[9] A paper by Observer Research Foundation calls a large number of CWC members "unprincipled, opportunists and self-serving individuals for whom self-interest is paramount."[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Towards a More Competitive Party System in India", Ram Joshi and Kirtidev Desai, Asian Survey, Vol. 18, No. 11. (Nov., 1978), pp. 1091-1116.
  2. ^ https://www.inc.in/en/congress-working-committee/members
  3. ^ https://www.inc.in/en/congress-working-committee/permanent-invitees
  4. ^ https://www.inc.in/en/congress-working-committee/special-invitees
  5. ^ "Nobody But Rahul, Says Congress Leader Whose Father Ran vs Sonia Gandhi". Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Election Commission Tells Congress to Hold Internal Elections by June 30". Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  7. ^ Pankaj Vohra (8 August 2020). "EC can freeze Congress symbol or initiate action if party remains leaderless". Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20200206174034/https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/congress-defamed-rahul-gandhi-should-return-to-lead-sanjay-nirupam-after-maharashtra-twist-2137334
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20200226123542/https://www.news18.com/news/politics/old-grudge-unfulfilled-demands-why-rahul-gandhi-remained-absent-from-congresss-meet-on-delhi-riots-2516309.html
  10. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20200314154627/https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/congress-moving-towards-extinction-54571/

External links[edit]