Congress of Deputies (Spain)

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Congress of Deputies
Congreso de los Diputados
11th Legislature
Type
Type
Leadership
Patxi LópezPSOE
Since 13 January 2016
Vicepresident
Celia VillalobosPP
Since 13 January 2016
Majority Leader and Prime Minister (In-Office)
Mariano RajoyPP
Since 20 December 2011
Structure
Seats 350
11thtermofspanishlower.svg
Political groups
Elections
Party-list proportional representation,
D'Hondt method
Last election
20 December 2015
Next election
19 January 2020 or earlier
Meeting place
Interior del Congreso de los Diputados de España.jpg
Palacio de las Cortes
Madrid, Community of Madrid
Kingdom of Spain
Website
www.congreso.es

The Congress of Deputies of Spain, commonly referred to as simply the Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados; Basque: Diputatuen Kongresua; Catalan: Congrés dels Diputats; Galician: Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.

It has 350 members elected by constituencies (matching Spanish provinces) by proportional representation using the D'Hondt method. Congressmen serve four-year terms. The President of the Congress of Deputies is the analogue to a speaker and presides over debates.

In the Congress, members of the Parliament from the political parties, or groups of parties, form parliamentary groups. Groups must be formed by at least 15 MPs, but a group can also be formed with only five MPs if the parties got at least 5% of the nationwide vote, or 15% of the votes in the constituencies in which they ran. The MPs belonging to parties who cannot create their own parliamentary group form the Mixed Group.[1]

Congress of Deputies building[edit]

The allegorical front of the building
Escudo de España (colores THV).svg
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The building, Congreso de los Diputados, has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narcisco Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850. It sits by the Carrera de San Jerónimo, in Madrid. The relief on the facade by sculptor Ponciano Ponzano centers on a sculpture of Spain embracing the constitutional state, represented by a woman with her arm around a young girl. Surrounding the pair are figures that represent in allegorical form Justice and Peace, Science, Agriculture, Fine Arts, Navigation, Industry, Commerce and so on. Ponzano also executed two bronze lions for the building's access stairway in a more realistic manner.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Information about Parliamentary Groups - Congress of Deputies of Spain
  2. ^ "Ponzano y Gascón, Ponciano". Gran Enciclopedia Aragonesa (in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-05-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°24′57″N 3°41′48″W / 40.41583°N 3.69667°W / 40.41583; -3.69667