Congress of Guatemala

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Congress of the Republic of Guatemala
Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Mario TaracenaUNE
Since 2016
1st Vice president
Iván Arévalo
Since 2016
2nd Vice president
Felipe Alejos
Since 2016
3rd Vice president
Roberto Castañeda
Since 2016
Structure
Seats 158 members
Guatemala Election.svg
Congress political groups
Elections
Congress voting system
Closed-list proportional representation
Congress last election
Guatemalan general election, 2015
Meeting place
El Congreso de la República.JPG
Guatemala City
Website
www.congreso.gob.gt
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Guatemala
Legislative
Judiciary
Foreign relations

The Congress of the Republic (Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of Guatemala. The Guatemalan Congress is made up of 158 deputies who are elected by direct universal suffrage to serve four-year terms. The electoral system is closed party list proportional representation. 31 of the deputies are elected on a nationwide list, whilst the remaining 127 deputies are elected in 22 multi-member constituencies. Each of Guatemalas's 22 departments serves as a district, with the exception of the department of Guatemala containing the capital, which on account of its size is divided into two (distrito central and distrito Guatemala). Departments are allocated seats based on their population size and they are shown in the table below.

Department Deputies
Listado Nacional 31
Distrito Central 19
Alta Verapaz 9
Baja Verapaz 2
Chimaltenango 5
Chiquimula 3
El Progreso 1
Escuintla 6
Guatemala (Distrito) 11
Huehuetenango 10
Izabal 3
Jalapa 3
Jutiapa 4
Petén 4
Quetzaltenango 7
Quiché 8
Retalhuleu 3
Sacatepéquez 3
San Marcos 9
Santa Rosa 3
Sololá 3
Suchitepéquez 5
Totonicapán 4
Zacapa 2
Total 158

Political culture[edit]

It is not uncommon that Congress Members change parties during the legislature term, as well as Congress Members seceding from a party to create a new party or congressional block.

Latest election[edit]

In Congress, Baldizón's LIDER gained 30 seats on their previous election making them the largest party with 44 seats. Torres' UNE retained second position with 36 seats, despite losing 12. Competing in their first election, Todos captured 18 seats. PP suffered the greatest loss, losing 39 seats overall, down to 17. Morales' FCN gained 11 seats.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Renewed Democratic Liberty 885,620 19.10 44 +30
National Unity of Hope 687,890 14.83 36 −12
Todos 451,768 9.74 18 New
Patriotic Party 437,421 9.43 17 −39
National Convergence Front 405,922 8.75 11 +11
Encuentro por Guatemala 289,544 6.24 7
CREOUnionist Party 264,059 5.69 5 −8
National Change Union 251,578 5.43 6 −8
WinaqURNG–MAIZ 200,089 4.32 3 +2
Convergence 178,212 3.84 3 New
Vision with Values 169,813 3.66 3
National Advancement Party 158,561 3.42 3 +1
Fuerza 95,855 2.07 2 New
Institutional Republican Party 57,958 1.25 0 −1
New Republic Movement 41,734 0.90 0 New
Reform Movement 36,748 0.79 0 New
Heart New Nation 24,249 0.52 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 738,082 13.73
Total 5,375,103 100 158 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,873 71.13
Source: TSE (98.85% of votes counted), Seats according to elPeriodico

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]