National meetings of the Workers' Party of Korea

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Democratic People's Republic of Korea

The following is a list of national meetings of the Workers' Party of Korea. This article defines national meetings as party congresses (Korean: 조선로동당 당대회) and conferences of representatives. The party congress is nominally the highest body of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) according to its charter.[1] The charter states specificially that it should convene at least every fifth year, however, the congress has never managed to be convened in that time frame.[2] There was a gap of 36 years between the 6th Congress and the 7th Congress. However, two party conferences were convened in the period 2010–2012.[2]

The Congress hears the reports of central authorities, makes amendments to the party's charter, sets the party's political line,[3] and elects the Central Committee. The 1st Plenary Session of the elected Central Committee then elects the Politburo, the First Secretary and other bodies of the Central Committee.[2] Despite this, as Fyodor Tertitskiy notes, "When it comes to the supreme leader of North Korea, it is not his position that makes him a leader, it is the person who makes a position one of leadership. Kim Jong-un may be called supreme commander, first chairman or even God-Emperor – it does not matter, he is in charge by right of bloodline."[2] His election as Chairman, and other posts, at the 7th Party Congress (or elections to offices at other meetings) does not mean the meeting was empowered to make decisions independent of the leader.[2]

Keys[edit]

Abbreviations
CC Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea
FM Full member (a member with voting rights).
AM Alternate member (a member without voting rights).
Political Report Political Report to the Central Committee, a document which briefs delegates about the period since the last congress and future work.
Charter Charter of the Workers' Party of Korea, the rules and regulations which governs the WPK. It's rarely followed.
PMR Party members represented at the congress by delegates (the party membership at the time).
ND Not disclosed by the WPK.

Convocations[edit]

Congress Duration
(start—end)
Delegates CC
elected
Political Report
(presented by)
Charter
(amendments)
PMR
1st Congress
3 days
1946 election
28 August

30 August 1946
801 43 Kim Il-sung Adopted 336,399
2nd Congress
4 days
1947–1948 election
27 March

30 March 1948
999 63 Kim Il-sung Amendment 750,000
3rd Congress
7 days
1955–1956 election
23 April

29 April 1956
916 71 FM

43 AM
Kim Il-sung Amendment 1,164,945
1st Conference
4 days
1958 election
3 March

6 March 1958
ND Kim Il-sung ND
4th Congress
8 days
1960–1961 election
11 September

18 September 1961
1,657 VD

93 NVD
85 FM

50 AM
Kim Il-sung Amendment 1,311,563
2nd Conference
4 days
1966 election
3 October

6 October 1966
ND Kim Il-sung ND
5th Congress
12 days
1969–1970 election
2 November

13 November 1970
1,734 117 FM

55 AM
Kim Il-sung Amendment 1,600,000
6th Congress
5 days
1979–1980 election
10 October

14 October 1980
3,062 VD

137 NVD
145 FM

103 AM
Kim Il-sung Amendment ND
3rd Conference
1 day
2010 election
28 September 2010 ND 124 FM

105 AM
Kim Jong-il Amendment ND
4th Conference
1 day
2012 election
11 April 2012 ND Kim Jong-il Amendment ND
7th Congress
4 days
2016 election
6 May

9 May 2016
3,467 VD

200 NVD
129 FM

106 AM
Kim Jong-un Amendment ND

References[edit]

General[edit]

Information on congresses, number of delegates, number of people elected to CCs, party membership, the individual who presented the Political Report and information on when the congress was convened can be found in these sources:

Bibliography[edit]

Articles and journals:

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ Savada, Andrea Matles, ed. (1993). "North Korea – The Korean Workers' Party (KWP)". North Korea: A Country Study. Library of Congress Country Studies. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Tertitskiy, Fyodor (2 May 2016). "What happens at a North Korean Party Conference or Congress". NK News. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Kim 1982, p. 126.