Dromicus, Erythrolamprus, Glaphyrophis, Homalopsis, Hydrops, Rhadinaea, Tachymenis, Taeniophis
Coniophanes is a genus of colubrid snakes, typically referred to as black-striped snakes, but they also have many other common names. The genus consists of 17 species, and despite the common name, not all of them display striping.
Snakes of the genus Coniophanes grow to a total length (including tail) of 31–46 cm (12–18 in) and are typically brown in color, with black striping down the sides and center of the back, and a red or orange underside. Some of the species, such as C. alvarezi, are solid brown.
Habitat and behavior
Coniophanes snakes are secretive burrowers. They spend most of their time digging into loose soils, forest leaf litter, or under rotting cactus. They are nocturnal, emerging from their underground retreats in the late evening to feed on frogs, lizards, small rodents, and smaller snakes.
Species in the genus Coniophanes are oviparous, laying clutches of up to 10 eggs in loose soil. The eggs hatch in around 40 days, depending on relative temperature and humidity. Hatchlings are about 17 cm (6.5 in) in length.
- C. alvarezi Campbell, 1989 – Chiapan stripeless snake – Mexico
- C. andresensis Bailey, 1937 – Isla San Andrés snake – Isla San Andrés, Colombia
- C. bipunctatus (Günther, 1858) – two-spotted snake – Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, and Costa Rica
- C. b. bipunctatus (Günther, 1858)
- C. b. biseriatus H.M. Smith, 1940
- C. dromiciformis (W. Peters, 1863) – Peters' running snake – Ecuador and Peru
- C. fissidens (Günther, 1858) – yellowbelly snake – Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia
- C. imperialis (Baird & Girard, 1859) – black-striped snake – United States (Texas), Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras
- C. joanae Myers, 1966 – Panama
- C. lateritius Cope, 1862 – stripeless snake – Mexico
- C. longinquus Cadle, 1989 – Peru
- C. melanocephalus (W. Peters, 1869)
- C. meridanus Schmidt & Andrews, 1936 – peninsula stripeless snake
- C. michoacanensis Flores-Villela & E.N. Smith, 2009
- C. piceivittis Cope, 1870 – Cope's black-striped snake – Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica
- C. p. frangivirgatus J. Peters, 1950
- C. p. piceivittis Cope, 1870
- C. quinquevittatus (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) – five-striped snake – Mexico and Guatemala
- C. sarae Ponce-Campos & H.M. Smith, 2001
- C. schmidti Bailey, 1937 – faded black-striped snake – Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala.
- C. taylori Hall, 1951
- Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Coniophanes, p. 93).
- Hallowell E (1860). In: Cope ED (1860). "Catalogue of the Colubridæ in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, with notes and descriptions of new species. Part 2". Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 241-266. (Coniophanes, new genus, p. 248).
- Herps of Texas: Coniophanes imperialis
- Genus Coniophanes at The Reptile Database
- "Coniophanes". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
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