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Conium maculatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Subfamily: Apioideae
Genus: Conium

Conium (/kˈn.əm/ or /ˈkniəm/) is a genus of flowering plants in the carrot family Apiaceae which consists of four species accepted by The Plant List.[1][2] One species, C. maculatum, which is highly poisonous, is native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, while the other three are from southern Africa.[1]

19th-century illustration of Conium maculatum
(from Köhler's Medicinal Plants)


  1. ^ a b The Plant List, search for Conium
  2. ^ "No good reasons appear to have been advanced for maintaining the southern African representatives of this genus as a separate species (C. chaerophylloides), and accordingly it is here reduced to synonymy.""Flora Zambesiaca volume:4 part:0 (1978) Umbelliferae by M. L. Gonçalves". eFloras. Kew.