Connecticut Military Department
State of Connecticut Coat of Arms
The Connecticut Military Department is a state agency of the government of Connecticut. Its primary components are the Connecticut Army National Guard, the Connecticut Air National Guard, and four companies of the state militia. The Military Department of the State of Connecticut traces its origins to May 11, 1637, when the "General Courts" (colonial assembly - legislature) established a military arm of the provincial government. In 1939, the State's Military Department. was established to consolidate the offices of Adjutant General, Quartermaster General, Armory Board, and Armory Board Inspector.
The Military Department of the State of Connecticut's principle public responsibility is to serve as the protector of American citizens of the State and their property in time of war, invasion, rebellion, riot or disaster. It serves as the main resource for the Governor in ensuring public safety in a variety of emergencies. 
The Connecticut National Guard as the state militia also has a Federal Constitutional mission to support the President of the United States as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States and the Federal Government in times of War or National Emergencies.
The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the "militia" which is now the National Guard of the United States with dual Federal and State missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a State status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when such is declared when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into Federal service in response to a call by the President of the United States or by resolution passed by the United States Congress.
The Federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National Emergency or as otherwise needed."
The state mission assigned to the National Guard is "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."
The Connecticut National Guard bestows a number of decorations for services to or on behalf of the state.
Connecticut Army National Guard
The Connecticut Army National Guard was originally formed in 1672. During the War of 1812, the Federalist state government refused to place the state militia under control of the Democratic-Republican national government, which resulted in friction, especially following British attacks on New London and Stonington. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system.
The 102nd Infantry Regiment fought with the 26th Infantry Division in World War I and then served with the 43rd Infantry Division from 1924 to 1951-52, including World War II and a deployment to West Germany during the Korean War. Other major historical regiments of Connecticut were the 169th Infantry Regiment and 192nd Field Artillery.
After 1968, the main formation in the state became the 43rd Infantry Brigade of the 26th Infantry Division.
Today the Connecticut Army National Guard is composed of approximately 5,000 soldiers. It maintains facilities in 22 communities. In 1999, these facilities included 22 armories, eight maintenance shops, four aviation facilities, four training site facilities and two horse guard facilities.
Its units include the 85th Troop Command, 143rd Area Support Group, 14th Civil Support Team (WMD), 248th Engineer Company, 250th Engineer Company, 143rd and 643rd Military Police Companies, 141st and 142nd Medical Companies, the 143rd Combat Service Support Battalion (formerly FSB), the 1109th Aviation Depot (AVCRAD), the 169th Regiment (RTI), and the 192nd Military Police Battalion. The primary combat unit is the 1st Battalion, 102nd Infantry, assigned to the 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (United States), which is headquartered in Vermont.
The Connecticut Air National Guard traces its history back to World War I with the beginnings also of the United States Army Air Service. It comprises approximately 1,200 airmen and officers assigned to the 103d Airlift Wing and 103rd Air Control Squadron. The 103d Airlift Wing is based in East Granby at the Bradley Air National Guard Base at Bradley International Airport.
Known as the "Flying Yankees", the 103d Airlift Wing is the third-oldest Air National Guard unit in the United States with a history dating back to World War I. Until 2008, the organization was known as the 103rd Fighter Wing (103 FW), operationally gained by the Air Combat Command (ACC) and equipped with A-10 Thunderbolt aircraft. As a result of Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) actions, the wing's A-10 fighter aircraft were reassigned to other units and the 103rd reequipped with C-21 Learjet aircraft as a "placeholder" flying mission under the Air National Guard's VANGUARD program until the 103rd's next flying mission could be determined. Following this change in mission, the unit was redesignated the 103rd Airlift Wing and placed under the operational claimancy of Air Mobility Command (AMC).
The 103rd Air Control Squadron is based in Orange, Connecticut, and is known as "Yankee Watch". The mission of the 103rd Air Control Squadron is real-time detection, identification and surveillance of air traffic for combat operations and homeland defense. The 103rd ACS is the oldest unit of its kind in the United States military.
Brigadier General Daniel L Peabody is the current Assistant Adjutant General-Air, for the CT ANG.
The State Defense Force is a military entity authorized by both the State Code of Connecticut and Executive Order. The State Defense Force (SDF) is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the Connecticut National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized. The SDF comprises retired active and reserve military personnel and selected professional persons who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state.
Connecticut's state defense force consists of four active units known as the Governor's Guards. There are two foot guard units and two horse guard units that preserve the lineage and heritage of Connecticut's infantry and cavalry units since the colonial period. While all four companies are primarily ceremonial, the horse companies do drill in mounted search and rescue. The First Company of the Horse Guard was created in 1788 as the Independent Volunteer Troop of Horse Guards in Hartford. A second Horse Guard company was created in 1808 in New Haven. Both were created to serve and protect the governor between his travels between New Haven and Hartford.
The Naval militia of the state remains an authorized force by state statute, but has been inactive for several decades with no current membership.
The Agency traces its roots to May 11, 1637, when the General Courts of the Colony of Connecticut established a military arm of the government. This arm of the colony's government was responsible for overseeing and regulating the militiamen of the colony. Agency personnel participated in several wars with Native Americans as well as with and against European colonial powers.
After the American Revolution, the new State of Connecticut established the office of the Adjutant General in 1792 to oversee the Armed Forces of the State. Units of the Connecticut State Militia participated in all wars of the United States.
The Connecticut Military Department was officially established as a state agency in 1939 by Chapter 345 of the Public Acts. The act consolidated the office of the Adjutant General, the Quartermaster General, Armory Board, and the Armory Board Inspector. In response to the coordination efforts of civil authorities to the Flood of 1955 in which Governor Abraham Ribicoff mobilized the National Guard, the Office of Civil Defense was created as a sub-agency of the Connecticut Military Department. Authority over the Office of Civil Defense was transferred to the Department of Public Safety in 1979 and back to the Military Department in 1999. In 2005, Public Act 04-219 created the Connecticut Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security and once again removed overall domestic emergency response away from the Military Department. The Military Department remains as the largest force provider to the Governor during times of domestic emergencies.
- List of Connecticut Adjutant Generals
- Connecticut National Guard
- Connecticut Air National Guard
- Connecticut Army National Guard
- Connecticut Naval Militia
- Governor's Guards
- Adjutant General, Connecticut National Guard
- per 1939 CGS Cum Suppl. sec. 215e. Military Dept. directs the Adjutant General.
- "CT Military Department Agency Information". CT Military Department. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- Governor M. Jodi Rell (CT) (10 August 2005). Governor Rell Visits National Guard Fighter Wing Targeted Under BRAC Process Press Release.
- "Our Mission". Connecticut Air National Guard. U.S. Air Force. Retrieved 2007-07-17.
- Astronaut Office of the Johnson Space Center (January 1983). "Biographical Data - John L. Swigert, Jr.". Johnson Space Center - Astronaut Biographies. NASA. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- Connecticut Military Department, State Militia Units, accessed November 2011
- pp. 4-5 Katcher, Phillip & Volstad, Ron American Civil War Armies: Volunteer Militia 1989 Osprey Publishing
- Libov, Charlotte (1988-09-11). "Horse Guard to Settle in Newtown". The New York Times.
- "CT Military Department Agency History". CT State Library. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- United States Army Center of Military History, Bibliography of Connecticut Army National Guard History
- GlobalSecurity.org, Connecticut Army National Guard, accessed 20 Nov 2006
- Martin, Thaddeus (2007). "Connecticut National Guard". Retrieved 2007-02-28.