Connecticut State Police

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Connecticut State Police
Connecticut State Police.jpg
CT - State Police Badge.png
AbbreviationCSP
Agency overview
FormedMay 29, 1903; 116 years ago (1903-05-29)
Employees1,031 (as of 2016)
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionConnecticut, USA
CT - CSP Troop Map.jpg
Connecticut State Police Troop map
Size5,544 square miles (14,360 km2)
Population3,502,309 (2007 est.)[1]
General nature
HeadquartersMiddletown, Connecticut

Troopers1,031 (as of 2016)
Civilians500 (as of 2004)[2]
Agency executive
  • Colonel Stavros Mellekas, Commanding Officer
Parent agencyConnecticut Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection
Facilities
Troops12
Patrol Cars"Unmarked" Ford Taurus Police Interceptor, "Unmarked" Ford Explorer, "Unmarked" Ford Crown Victoria, "Unmarked" Dodge Charger, "Unmarked" Dodge Challenger, "Unmarked" Chevy Caprice, “Unmarked” Chevrolet Suburban, "Unmarked" Ford Expedition, "Unmarked" Toyota Camry
Connecticut State Police Cruiser Sedan
Website
Connecticut State Police website

The Connecticut State Police (CSP) is a division of the Connecticut Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection responsible for traffic regulation and law enforcement across the state of Connecticut, especially in areas not served by (or served by smaller) local police departments. The CSP currently has approximately 1,031 troopers, and is headquartered in Middletown, Connecticut. It is responsible for protecting the Governor of Connecticut, Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut, and their families.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The Connecticut State Police was created under House Bill #247 on May 29, 1903. Initially, five men, paid three dollars a day, were hired to enforce state liquor and vice laws, making it one of the oldest State Police forces in the nation.[3] It was originally composed of five troopers primarily responsible for interdicting the production of moonshine. Early troopers traveled the state by railroad until automobile and motorcycle patrols were instituted, and troopers would often spend five to six days working, eating, and sleeping in the barracks constructed around the state. By 1924, seven such barracks had been built. The organization was heavily militaristic, and its internal culture was similar in this regard to other state police agencies in New England.[4]

Modern history[edit]

In 1968 Louise Smith (state trooper) graduated from the State Police Academy becoming the first black woman to join a state police force in the United States.[5]

In 1984 a federal judge found that the State Police systematically discriminated against minorities and ordered the State Police to increase the number of minorities in specialist positions as well as increase minority promotion rates.[6]

In 1987 the Connecticut State Police were sued by the Connecticut chapter of Men and Women for Justice for discriminating against Black and Hispanic officers and officer candidates as well as other Civil Rights Act violations. The State Police chose to settle the case and made an agreement that the State Police would hire at least 10% Black and Hispanic officers, an accurate reflection of the State’s demographics in the early 1980s. In 2018 the hiring practices of the State Police remained the minimum allowed under their legally binding agreement with 5% of officers being Black and 5% being Hispanic despite Black and Hispanic Americans constituting over 25% of Connecticut's citizens in 2018.[6]

In 1997 the Connecticut State Police was at the center of Connecticut Governor John G. Rowland’s Geargate scandal[7] Surplus military equipment intended for the State Police was diverted by Rowland and close associates for their personal use. Equipment and apparel including sleeping bags, camouflage jackets, helmets, and a bayonet made their way into the hands of Rowland’s children, his staff, his security detail, and the husband of then Lt. Gov. Jodi Rell. The diversion was organized by State Trooper Eugene D’Angelo and was uncovered through a joint State Police and Department of Defense investigation.[8]

In 2015 State Police Troop H and Troop C were among six Connecticut police departments singled out in a state report on racial bias in policing for having the most "significant disparities in their traffic stops data,” in particular traffic stop rates for Black and Hispanic drivers were much higher during the day when officers can easily visually establish the ethnicity of a driver before a stop than at night. The report was the most comprehensive report of its kind ever compiled by a state at the time of its release.[9]

On December 31, 2018 Stavros Mellekas took over as the commander of the Connecticut State Police, replacing George F. Battle.[10]

CSP Weapons[edit]

In 2012, CSP has transitioned to the SIG Sauer P220R .45 ACP pistol.[11]

Organization[edit]

State Police Headquarters – Middletown [12]

Troops[edit]

The CSP is divided into 11 troops, each of which has a Lieutenant Troop Commander, a master sergeant Executive officer, several patrol sergeants, a detective unit, and a full complement of personnel for patrol. The "resident troopers" in that troop area are also assigned to the troop. Additionally, each troop has its own dispatchers and clerical unit, and most have one or more mechanics to service the fleet.

Some troops, because of their location, are tasked primarily with highway patrol functions while other troops in more rural areas serve as rural police, i.e.: response to crimes, patrol of towns and neighborhoods, and providing police services to many Connecticut towns that do not have police departments of their own. (Connecticut has no County Sheriff Departments).

Other Units:

  • Statewide Organized Crime Investigative Task Force,
  • Statewide Narcotics Task Force,
  • Casino Unit, (primary law enforcement at casino)* (disbanded 3/06/2015)[13]
  • Welfare Fraud Unit,
  • Criminal Intelligence Unit,
  • Fire Marshal Division,
  • Training Division,
  • Licensing and Permits Section,
  • Forensics Laboratory,
  • Photography and Identification unit,
  • Polygraph Unit
  • Fleet management & Purchasing,
  • The Emergency Services Unit, including the following subunits:
    • Aviation,
    • Bomb Squad,
    • SCUBA (Dive Team),
    • K-9,
    • Tactical Units (SWAT),
    • Mass Transit Security Explosive Detection Unit

The CSP also has a contingent of volunteer surgeons as well as a contingent of volunteer chaplains.

CSP Vehicles and Aircraft[edit]

Connecticut State Police Cruiser Sedan
Connecticut State Police car. Unmarked Chevy Caprice

The Fleet of the CSP incorporates non decal Ford Crown Victorias, Ford Taurus, Ford Explorers, Chevy Caprice PPV, motorcycles, and a Helicopter with fleet color livery consisting of navy blue, black, maroon, and dark-brown. As CSP allows off duty use of the fleet, vehicles are equipped with a removable Whelen liberty lightbar with the center pod replaced with a backlit "State Police" panel (known variants of this backlit panel exist for UConn police, and the CT DMV Enforcement Division, displaying "UConn Police" and "DMV" respectively), rear high mount TIR Whelen flashers with cruise light capability, 800 MHz Digital radio systems, Mobile Data Terminals (MDTs), and Mobile Video Cameras (MVRs). The CSP has also had a long history of using non-traditional unmarked patrol cars for enforcement such as Chevrolet Camaros, Ford Mustangs, Ford Explorers, Grand Nationals, Toyota Camrys, Honda Accords, Ram 1500s, Mazda MX-6s,[14] Ford F-Series pickup trucks, and Dodge Chargers. Marked fleet vehicles (one per troop, white, CSP shield badging with blue and yellow pin stripping running the length of the car) are typically used for ceremonial purposed such as parades and community patrols).[citation needed]

Connecticut State Police Cruiser Utility

The CSP utilizes Radar, Lidar (Laser), and VASCAR (Visual Average Speed Computer And Recorder) for speed enforcement.[citation needed]

Rank structure[edit]

Title Insignia
Colonel
US-O6 insignia.svg
Lieutenant Colonel
US-O5 insignia.svg
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
Captain
US-O3 insignia.svg
Lieutenant
US-O2 insignia.svg
Master Sergeant
Connecticut State Police Master Sergeant Stripes.png
Sergeant
Louisiana State Police Sergeant Stripes.png
Trooper First Class
Connecticut State Police Trooper 1st Stripes.png
Trooper
Blank - Spacer.png

Fallen officers[edit]

Since the establishment of the Connecticut State Police, 22 troopers have died in the line of duty.[15]

Officer Date of death Details
Pearle E. Roberts
November 25, 1922
Motorcycle accident
Bartholomew M. Skelly
November 14, 1925
Motorcycle accident
Irving H. Nelson
April 6, 1928
Gunfire
Lloyd J. Eukers
July 21, 1928
Motorcycle accident
Stanley C. Hellberg
June 1, 1929
Motorcycle accident
Leonard H. Watson
October 22, 1932
Motorcycle accident
Charles F. Hill
November 6, 1941
Vehicular assault
Edward P. Jesmonth
July 20, 1943
Automobile accident
Kenneth W. Stevens
June 6, 1944
Heart attack
Frank A. Starkel
July 19, 1948
Accidental
Ernest J. Morse
February 13, 1953
Gunfire
James W. Lambert
October 29, 1960
Struck by vehicle
Joseph M. Stoba Jr.
August 6, 1962
Gunfire
Carl P. Moller
February 13, 1976
Vehicular assault
Thomas F. Carney
December 6, 1982
Struck by vehicle
James H. Savage
January 22, 1986
Struck by vehicle
Jorge A. Agosto
November 22, 1989
Struck by vehicle
Russell A. Bagshaw
June 5, 1991
Gunfire
Edward W. Truelove
November 13, 1992
Automobile accident
Phillip A. Mingione
May 25, 1994
Struck by vehicle
Kenneth Hall
September 2, 2010
Struck by vehicle
Kevin Miller
March 29, 2018
Automobile accident

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2007 Population Estimates
  2. ^ USDOJ Statistics Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ http://www.cspmuseum.org/CMSLite/?CMSLite_Page=7&Info=History
  4. ^ Karwowski, Matthew. "The Brotherhood of the State Police: Keeping One Step Ahead of the Bad Guys". ctexplored.org. Connecticut Explored. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  5. ^ Staff, Fox 61. "First ever African American female state trooper pushes for more women in uniform". fox61.com. Fox Connecticut. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b Radelat, Ana. "State police don't mirror CT when it comes to blacks, Hispanics". ctmirror.org. CT Mirror. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  7. ^ Leigh Cowan, Alison. "Political Memo; The Antagonist Who Barraged Rowland With Criticism". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  8. ^ Lender, Jon. "SURPLUS GEAR WENT TO ROWLAND'S CHILDREN, STAFF". courant.com. Hartford Courant. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  9. ^ B. Hladky, Gregory. "State Report: Racial Disparities Found In Traffic Stops By Some Police Departments". courant.com. The Hartford Courant. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  10. ^ Day, Cassandra. "Col. Stavros Mellekas to be installed as Connecticut State Police's new commander". middletownpress.com. Middletown Press. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  11. ^ Collins, Dave. (2012-10-24) Conn. state police getting new .45-caliber pistols. Boston.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  12. ^ Connecticut State Police Troop Locations. Cspmail.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  13. ^ http://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-state-police-casino-unit-20150310-story.html
  14. ^ Connecticut State Police Mazda MX-6 | Hooniverse. Hooniverse.com (2012-07-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  15. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page

External links[edit]