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TypeNaamloze vennootschap
IndustryPublic Transport, Taxi Service
Founded10 May 1999
Key people
Pier Eringa (CEO)
ProductsBus Transport
Rail Transport
Ferry Service
Taxi Service
Number of employees
9,800 (2015)
ParentTransdev (86%)
Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten (14%)

Connexxion is a large public transport company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and southwest parts of the country. It is owned by Transdev and Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten. It is a subsidiary of Transdev Netherlands.


GTW train near Amersfoort in July 2013
Voskhod hydrofoil in June 2009
Mercedes-Benz Sprinter taxi in September 2007

Connexxion was formed on 10 May 1999 from a merger between transport companies NZH, ZWN, Midnet and Oostnet. Its name is a mutation of the French word connexion meaning connection. In January 2007, Connexxion took over Utrecht public transport operator GVU and Nijmegen operator Novio.[1] In 2007 Connexxion's 33% shareholding in Syntus was sold.[2]

On 12 October 2007, Connexxion was privatised with a 67% stake purchased by Transdev-BNG-Connexxion Holding BV (TBCH) , a consortium consisting of Transdev (75%) and Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten (BNG) (25%), beating a Deutsche Bahn / Rabobank consortium and FirstGroup.[3][4][5][6] This gives Transdev 50%, BNG 17%, and the government 33% stake in Connexxion. In February 2013 the government's 33% shareholding was purchased by Transdev, increasing its shareholding to 86%.[7][8]

Connexxion's parent company, Transdev Netherlands, also had another operation called Veolia Transport Nederland. The branding was replaced with the Connexxion in December 2016.[9] As a result, Veolia Transport Nederland's Haaglanden operations were rebranded Connexxion.


Operating area[edit]

Connexxion operate in Amstelland, Amsterdam-Zuidoost, Arnhem, Gooi, Haaglanden, Haarlem, Hoeksche Waard, IJsselmonde, Noord Holland, Rozenburg, Vechtstreek, Voorne-Putten, Zaanstreek and Zeeland.[10]


As at January 2016, Connexxion operated 1,900 buses and coaches.[11] It operates the only trolleybus network in the Netherlands[12][13] and in 2017 introduced double-deckers on one route. Connexxion also owns bus companies Hermes and Novio.

In December 2013 Connexxion commenced operating the IJsselmonde, Rotterdam concession for 10 years.[14] In December 2017 Connexxion will commence operating the Amstelland-Meerlanden concession for 10 years.[15] An order has been placed with VDL for 100 Citeas SLFA electric buses. This will make it the largest operator of electric buses in Europe.[16]


Connexxion is contracted to operate the Arnhem to Doetinchem concession until December 2020 and the Vallei line concession until December 2021.[17]

Connexxion held the Almelo to Mariënberg concession from December 2006 until December 2013, however its operation was sub-contracted to Syntus.[18][19][20] It operated the Sneltram between Utrecht and Nieuwegein until December 2013.[21][22]

The fleet comprises five 2-car Protos electric multiple units, nine 3-car Stadler GTWs diesel multiple units and two 3-car Stadler Flirts.[18][23][24]


Connexxion operated a ferry route from Velsen to IJmuiden and Amsterdam Centraal station with Voskhod hydrofoils until 31 December 2013.[25][26]


As at March 2015 Connexxion operated 3,500 taxis.[27]


  1. ^ Connexxion consolidates bus operations Dutch News 3 January 2007
  2. ^ Annual report for year ended 31 December 2007 Archived 8 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine Connexxion
  3. ^ French company buys Connexxion Expatica 2 July 2007
  4. ^ Transdev buys majority stake in Dutch bus firm Reuters 2 July 2007
  5. ^ Transdev Acquisition Creates Fourth Largest Public Transport Corporation Group in Europe CNW Group 5 July 2007
  6. ^ Annual Report for year ended 31 March 2007 FirstGroup
  7. ^ State Sells Rest of Connexxion Mergers & Acquisitions February 2013
  8. ^ Annual Report for year ended 31 December 2013 Archived 22 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten
  9. ^ Veolia name disappears from the OV OV Magazine 21 November 2016 (Dutch)
  10. ^ Concessions Conexxions (in Dutch)
  11. ^ Delivery of 18 Citeas LLE for Connexxion VDL Bus & Coach December 2015
  12. ^ New articulated trolleybuses for Arnhem Vossloh Kiepe 20 July 2009
  13. ^ Delivered: 11 new trolleybues for Arnheim/NL by Hess and Vossloh Kiepe Vossloh Kiepe 16 July 2013
  14. ^ Transdev wins 2013-2023 public transport concession for IJsselmonde Region Archived 16 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine Transdev 10 July 2013
  15. ^ Connexxion wins Amstelland-Meerlanden public transport tender Transdev 16 December 2016
  16. ^ Transdev electrics Coach & Bus Week 27 April 2017
  17. ^ Concessions[permanent dead link] ProRail (in Dutch)
  18. ^ a b Protos EMU order Railway Gazette International 1 April 2006
  19. ^ Annual Report for year ended 31 December 2008 Archived 5 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine Connexxions
  20. ^ Stadler rolls out latest Arriva Nederland multiple units Railway Gazette International 14 June 2012
  21. ^ Utrecht tram contracts placed Metro Report International 10 October 2012
  22. ^ Veolia Transdev to sell Dutch subsidiary International Railway Journal 18 February 2013
  23. ^ Stadler EMUs enter service with Dutch operators International Railway Journal 14 December 2016
  24. ^ Connexxion Rail Fan Europe
  25. ^ Voskhod-2M arrives in The Netherlands Classic Fast Ferries issue 4 June 2002 page 2
  26. ^ Farewell to Dutch Voskhods Classic Fast Ferries issue 52 January 2014 pages 1-3
  27. ^ Large-scale e-taxi trial for Dutch Connexxion Taxi and Nissan Taxi Intelligence 1 March 2015

External links[edit]

Media related to Connexxion at Wikimedia Commons