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Conocarpus erectus.jpg
Conocarpus erectus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Conocarpus

See text


Rudbeckia Adans.[1]

Conocarpus is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Combretaceae, native to tropical regions of the world. One of the species is a widespread mangrove species, the other is restricted to a small area around the southern Red Sea coasts, where it grows alongside seasonal rivers.

They are dense multiple-trunked shrubs or small to medium-sized trees from 1-20 m tall.

The generic name is derived from the Greek words κονος (konos), meaning "cone," and καρπος (karpos), meaning "fruit."[2]


Bottonwood tree at Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas

Conocarpus species are native to the silt shores of coasts and islands of Florida, including the Florida keys.[3] They are also widely distributed on coasts of tropical America from Bermuda and The Bahamas through West Indies including Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands; from Mexico south on the Atlantic coast to Brazil and on the Pacific Coast to Ecuador including the Galapagos Islands, and Peru; and on coasts of west Africa and in Melanesia and Polynesia.


Formerly placed here[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Conocarpus L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  2. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4. 
  3. ^ "Florida Forest Trees – Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus)". University of Florida School of Forest Resources & Conservation. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Conocarpus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  5. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Conocarpus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-27.