Conocephalum conicum

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Conocephalum conicum
Conocephalum conicum.jpg
Conocephalum conicum – a thallose liverwort
Scientific classification
C. conicum
Binomial name
Conocephalum conicum

Conocephalum conicum, the great scented liverwort,[1] common mushroom-headed liverwort[1] or snakeskin liverwort, is a liverwort species in the genus Conocephalum .

A lunularic acid decarboxylase has been detected from C. conicum.[2]

The larvae of the moth Epimartyria pardella feed on C. conicum.


Conocephalum conicum has very wide thalli which can form large mats.


The thalli can grow to 17mm wide, large for a liverwort. The thalli are very strong-smelling, with purplish margins; a dark green, leathery surface; flat and smooth. There is a set of lines running along the thalli's surface. The air pores, which are found between the lines, are more conspicuous.

Reproductive structures[edit]

Male plants bear unstalked, terminal cushions. Female plants have terminal conical receptacles on stalks, which are shortly lobed.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Edwards, Sean R. (2012). English Names for British Bryophytes. British Bryological Society Special Volume. 5 (4 ed.). Wootton, Northampton: British Bryological Society. ISBN 978-0-9561310-2-7. ISSN 0268-8034.
  2. ^ Lunularic acid decarboxylase from the liverwort Conocephalum conicum. Robert J. Pryce, Linda LintonPhytochemistry, November 1974, Volume 13, Issue 11, Pages 2497–2501, doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)86926-5
  3. ^ Atherton, Ian D.M.; Bosanquet, Sam D.S.; Llawley, Mark, eds. (2010). Mosses and Liverworts of Britain and Ireland: A Field Guide (PDF). British Bryological Society. p. 255. ISBN 978-0956131010. Retrieved 13 April 2015.

External links[edit]