|Bishop of Down and Connor|
|Diocese||Down and Connor|
|Appointed||27 April 1582|
|Term ended||1 (O.S.)/11 (N.S.) February 1612|
|Predecessor||Donat O'Gallagher (bishop)|
|Successor||Patrick Hanratty (vicar apostolic)|
|Consecration||2 February 1583
by Nicolas de Pellevé
|Birth name||Cornelius O'Devany|
Drumkeen, Raphoe, County Donegal
|Died||1 (O.S.)/11 (N.S.) February 1612 (aged c. 80)
|Feast day||20 June|
|Venerated in||6 July 1991|
|Beatified||27 September 1992
by Pope John Paul II
Blessed Conor O'Devany (c. 1532 – 1 (O.S.)/11 (N.S.) February 1612; Cornelius O'Devany, Irish: Concobhar Ó Duibheannaigh) was an Irish Roman Catholic bishop and martyr. Born in Drumkeen, Raphoe, County Donegal, he was educated at the Franciscan convent in Donegal Town. While in Rome, he was appointed Bishop of Down and Connor by Pope Gregory XIII on 27 April 1582, and consecrated by Cardinal Nicolas de Pellevé on 2 February 1583.
Execution and martyrdom
In 1588, O'Devany was committed to Dublin Castle. Failing to convict him of any crime punishable by death, Lord Deputy William Fitzwilliam sought authority from William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley to "be rid of such an obstinate enemy of God and so rank a traitor to Her Majesty as no doubt he is". He lay in prison until November 1590, being then released ostensibly on his own petition but doubtless through policy. He was protected by Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone until 1607 (see the Flight of the Earls), and escaped arrest until the middle of 1611, when, almost eighty years old, he was taken while administering Confirmation and again committed to Dublin Castle. His execution was at the personal wish of the Lord Deputy of Ireland, Sir Arthur Chichester, who was vehemently anti-Catholic, and seems to have been rather against the wishes of the Government as a whole.
On 28 January 1612, he was tried for high treason, found guilty by the majority of a packed jury, and sentenced to die on 1 February (Julian Calendar). He was drawn on a cart from the Castle to the gallows beyond the river; the whole route was crowded with Catholics. Protestant clergymen pestered him with ministrations and urged him to confess he died for treason. "Pray let me be", he answered, "the viceroy's messenger to me here present, could tell that I might have life and revenue for going once to that temple", pointing to a tower opposite. He kissed the gallows before mounting, and then proceeding to exhort the Catholics to constancy, he was thrown off, cut down alive, and quartered.
With him suffered Patrick O'Loughran, a priest arrested at Cork. The people, despite the guards, carried off the halter, his clothes, and even fragments of his body and chips of the gallows. They prayed all night by the remains, an infirm man was reported cured by touching them, and Mass after Mass was said there from Midnight until day. Such was the concourse that the viceroy ordered the members to be buried on the spot, but next night the Catholics exhumed them and interred them in St. James's Churchyard. A list of martyrs compiled O'Devany was used by Rothe in his "Analecta".
- "Bishop Bl. Conor O'Devany, O.F.M.". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Kate Newmann. "Conor O'Devany profile". Dictionary of Ulster Biography. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 423.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, p. 346.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Cornelius O'Devany". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
- "Blessed Conor O'Devany". Saints.SQPN.com. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X.; Byrne, F. J., eds. (1984). Maps, Genealogies, Lists: A Companion to Irish History, Part II. New History of Ireland. Volume XI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-821745-5.
- Brady, W. Maziere (1876). The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, A.D. 1400 to 1875. Volume 1. Rome: Tipografia Della Pace. pp. 266–269.
- O'Laverty, Diocese of Down and Connor, V (Dublin, 1895)
- Rothe, Analecta Nova et Mira, ed. Moran (Dublin, 1884)
- O'Reilly, Myles Memorials of those who Suffered for the Catholic Faith in Ireland (London, 1868)
- Denis Murphy, Our Martyrs (Dublin: Fallon, 1896)