The spelling of the generic name has been confused; it is currently valid as Conorhynchos as described by Pieter Bleeker in 1858. This catfish has unknown relationships. It does not appear to be assignable to any family and is placed incertae sedis. However, it has been grouped into the superfamily Pimelodoidea due to molecular evidence.
Conorhynchos conirostris is endemic to the São Francisco River in Brazil and is considered a symbol of the river. This fish can reach 53.5 centimetres (21.1 in) in standard length and 13 kilograms (29 lb) in weight. This fish is of commercial interest, and is considered threatened by Brazil's Ministry of the Environment.
- Ferraris, Carl J. Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1418: 1–628.
- Sullivan, JP; Lundberg JG; Hardman M (2006). "A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 41 (3): 636–62. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.044. PMID 16876440.
- Daniella Cristina Januário Ribeiro (2002). "Biologia Reprodutiva do Pirá Conorhynchus conirostris Valenciennes, 1840 (Pisces: Pimelodidae) do Rio São Francisco, Região de Pirapora, Minas Gerais (Portuguese)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 4, 2004. Retrieved 2007-06-04.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Conorhynchos conirostris" in FishBase. February 2012 version.
- ICMBio (Ministry of the Environment, Brazil): Portaria MMA nº 445, de 17 de dezembro de 2014. Lista de Especies Ameaçadas - Saiba Mais. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
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