Conrad I, Duke of Swabia
Conrad I (also Konrad) (born 915/920 - died August 20, 997) was Duke of Swabia from 983 until 997. His appointment as duke marked the return of Conradine rule over Swabia for the first time since 948.
There is considerable confusion about Conrad and his family. He is often identified with Cuno of Öhningen. The identities of his parents are not known for certain. His father is sometimes said to be Count Udo from the Wetterau, and his mother an unknown daughter of Herbert I, Count of Vermandois. There is also some debate about the identify of Conrad's wife. She is often said to be Reglint (or Richlind), daughter of Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, and thus a granddaughter of Emperor Otto I. Others argue that his wife was Judith, daughter of Adalbert of Marchtal.
When Duke Otto I unexpectedly died during the Imperial campaign in Italy of 981-982, he left no heirs. To fill the vacancy, Emperor Otto II (who may have been Conrad's brother-in-law) appointed Conrad as Duke of Swabia. Conrad is notable for being the first Swabian duke to keep the title in the family; after his death in 997 he was succeeded by his son Hermann II.
With his wife, Conrad had at least six children, including:
- Hermann II
- Ita, who married Rudolf II, Count of Altdorf
- an unnamed daughter, who married Vladimir the Great
- Judith, who married firstly an unnamed husband from Rheinfelden, and secondly, Adalbert II, Count of Metz (died 1033)
- Kunizza "Hemma"(died 1020), who married Friedrich I., probably count of Dießen
- E. Hlawitschka, Konradiner-Genealogie, unstatthafte Verwandtenehen und spätottonisch-frühsalische Thronbesetzungspraxis. Ein Rückblick auf 25 Jahre Forschungsdisput. (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Studien und Texte 32) (Hannover, 2003).
- A. Wolf, 'Wer war Kuno von Öhningen? Überlegungen zum Herzogtum Konrads von Schwaben († 997) und zur Königswahl vom Jahre 1002,' in Deutsches Archiv 36 (1980), 25-85.
- E. Brandenburg, Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen (1935)
- D. Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III, Teilband 1 (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 49
- D. C. Jackman: The Konradiner. A Study in Genealogical Methodology (Frankfurt am Main, 1990).
- J. Fried, 'Prolepsis oder Tod. Methodische und andere Bemerkungen zur Konradiner-Genealogie im 10. und frühen 11. Jahrhundert', in J. Dahlbauer et al., ed., Papstgeschichte und Landesgeschichte. Festschrift für Hermann Jakobs zum 65. Geburtstag (Cologne, 1995).
- Konrad von Schwaben (in German)
- "Konrad Herzog von Schwaben, Graf von Oenningen", Genealogics citing E.S.
- Medieval Lands Project: Swabia
- e.g. Wolf, 'Wer war Kuno von Öhningen?'; Hlawitschka, Konradiner-Genealogie
- Brandenburg, Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen table 3, VII.9; Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln, table 49.
- Wolf, 'Wer war Kuno von Öhningen?'; Jackman, The Konradiner; Fried, 'Prolepsis oder Tod'
- Hlawitschka, Konradiner-Genealogie. For an overview see a review by Nat Taylor.
|Duke of Swabia