Conrad Moench

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Conrad Moench
Conrad Moench-Mi02136a07.png
Native name Konrad Mönch
Born 1744-08-15
Died 1805-01-06
Residence Marburg
Citizenship German
Nationality German
Fields botanist / pharmacist / chemist
Institutions Rats-Apotheke in Hanover, pharmacy of Samuel Wyttenbach in Bern, pharmacy in Kassel, assessor of Medizinalkollegs, professor of botany at the Collegium Carolinum, assessor of botany at Marburg University,
Education Doctorate in Medicine, 12 October 1781
Alma mater Marburg University
Author abbrev. (botany) Moench
Spouse Catharine Margarethe Schmölder

Conrad Moench (sometimes written Konrad Mönch; 1744–1805) was a German botanist, professor of botany at Marburg University from 1786 until his death.

He wrote 'Methodus Plantas horti botanici et agri Marburgensis' in 1794, an arranged account of plants in the fields and gardens of Marburg. In 1802 he named the plant Gillenia trifoliata in a supplement to a local flora of the city of Marburg. He also named the plant genus Echinacea (1794).[1]

The botanical genus Moenchia (family Caryophyllaceae) is named in his honor.[2]

The standard botanical author abbreviation Moench is applied to plants he described.

Principal writings[edit]

  • Enumeratio plantarum indigenarum Hassiae praesertim inferioris, secundum methodum sexualem dispositarum, 1777.
  • Methodus plantas horti botanici et agri marburgensis, 1794 (published in several editions).
  • Systematische Lehre von denen gebräuchlichsten Einfachen und zusammengesezten Arzney-Mitteln : zum Gebrauch Akademischer Vorlesungen, 1795 – Systematic teaching of simple and compound medicines; academic lectures.
  • Einleitung zur Pflanzen-Kunde, 1798 – Introduction to botany.[3]


  1. ^ "Echinacea Page". 
  2. ^ Google Books Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings: A Glossary by F. A. Sharr
  3. ^ WorldCat Identities (publications by Moench)