Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Mexico)
|Headquarters||Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, Col. Crédito Constructor Del. Benito Juárez C.P.: 03940, México, D.F. Tel: +52 (55) 5322-7700|
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (the National Council of Science and Technology) (abbreviated CONACYT) is Mexico's entity in charge of the promotion of scientific and technological activities, setting government policies for these matters, and granting scholarships for postgraduate studies. It is the equivalent of US's National Science Foundation or Argentina's CONICET. It is officially designated as a decentralized public agency of Mexico's federal government. CONACYT was founded in 1970.
CONACYT grants scholarships for graduate studies (masters and doctoral) in Mexico for programs that have been recognized by CONACYT in the Registry of Quality Graduate Programs (abbreviated PNPC in Spanish). CONACYT also grants scholarships for Mexican nationals to pursue graduate studies in foreign countries. CONACYT also provides funding for postdoctoral positions and sabbatical leaves.
CONACYT also administers the National System of Researchers (abbreviated as SNI, in Spanish). Members of SNI receive an economic stimulus, additional to their salary, depending on their level. Membership and levels (candidate, I, II, III, emeritus) are dependent on productivity and evalauated by peer committees. Researchers, both Mexican and foreign, receive the monthly stimulus directly from CONACYT only if they work in the public sector in institutions or universities located in Mexico. Researchers working in the private sector (including private universities) and Mexican nationals working outside Mexico only receive an honorary appointment.
CONACYT also manages programs to encourage industry and private sector involvement in science and technology R&D, through the RENIECYT (National Registry of Institutions and Businesses in Science and Technology) to offer financing to technical and technological development projects.
CONACYT also manages 27 public research centers, CPI located in several parts of Mexico and dedicated usually to a narrow field of science.
- Centro de Investigaciones en Optica A.C.
- COMIMSA, S.A. de C.V.
CONACYT's general directors
The head of CONACYT is appointed directly by the President of Mexico. Since CONACYT was founded it has been led by:
- Eugenio Méndez Docurro M.Sc. in Engineering (1971–1972)
- Gerardo Bueno Zirión, Ph.D. (1973–1976)
- Edmundo Flores Flores, Ph.D. (1977–1982)
- Héctor Mayagoitia Domínguez, Ph.D. (1983–1988)
- José Gerstl Valenzuela, Ph.D. (1988)
- Manuel V. Ortega Ortega, Ph.D. (1989–1990)
- Fausto Alzati, Ph.D. (1991–1994)
- Carlos Bazdresch Parada, Ph.D. (1995–2000)
- Jaime Parada Ávila, Ph.D. (2001–2005)
- Gustavo Chapela Castañares, Ph.D. (2005–2006)
- Juan Carlos Romero Hicks, M.A. (2007 to 2011)
- José Enrique Villa Rivera, Ph.D. (2011 to 2012)
- Enrique Cabrero Mendoza, Ph.D. (2012 to date)
In 2006 the director of CONACYT named new general directors of two Public Research Centers (IPICYT and CIMAT). This was criticized, because it was seen as the director overstepping his authority and even violating the Constitution as it denied the autonomous nature granted to Mexican CPIs.
- "Facultar al director del Conacyt para que designe a los mandos viola la Constitución" (in Spanish). La Jornada. June 1, 2006.