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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Consensus usually refers to general agreement among a group of people or community. It may also refer to:



  • Ijma', consensus or agreement of Muslim scholars/jurists, basically on religious issues.


  • Consensus reality, reality as defined by consensus, particularly popular consensus, rather than or before other (philosophical) criteria.
  • Consensus theory of truth, truth as determined by consensus rather than or before other criteria.


  • False-consensus effect, a tendency to overestimate the extent to which beliefs or opinions match those of others.

Science and technology[edit]


  • Scientific consensus, the collective opinion, judgment and position of scientists as regards matters of fact, especially with reference to a particular scientific or science-related issue.
  • Medical consensus, a public statement of what is taken to be the consensus among medical experts as regards an aspect or aspects of medical knowledge.


  • 1992 Consensus, used to refer to the outcome of a meeting held in 1992 between semi-official representatives of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC).


  • Copenhagen Consensus, a think tank-like project that uses welfare economics and cost–benefit analysis to recommend priorities and investment in global welfare.
  • Monterrey Consensus, the outcome of the United Nations International Conference on Financing for Development held in Monterrey, Mexico, in 2002.
  • Washington Consensus, an informal name for a set of economic policies commonly prescribed by institutions based in Washington D.C. such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank.

See also[edit]