Conservative Party (Spain)

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Liberal Conservative Party
Partido Liberal-Conservador
Leaders Antonio Cánovas,
Arsenio Martínez-Campos,
Francisco Silvela,
Antonio Maura,
Eduardo Dato,
José Sánchez-Guerra
Founded 1876 (1876)
Dissolved 1931 (1931)
Merger of Moderate Party, Liberal Union
Ideology Monarchism
Centralization
Liberal conservatism
Political position Centre-right

The Liberal Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal-Conservador, PLC), simply called Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Conservador, PC), was a Spanish political party founded in 1876 by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

The Conservative tag was for the type of ideas which, when thinking of questions of state, then dominated in Spain. The political formation of Spain by Antonio Cánovas del Castillo at the request of Alfonso XII of Spain, who assumed the crown after the failure of the First Spanish Republic. The Conservative Party brought together a varied group of people, from the supporters of Isabel II of Spain prior to the Republic to the members of other groups he had formed. Its existence was linked to Cánovas himself and on his death in 1897 it was kept going by Francisco Silvela.

In 1885 the party signed the Pact of El Pardo with the Liberal Party of Sagasta, in which the parties agreed to alternate (turno) in power after the death of Alfonso XII of Spain. The pact was guaranteed by the caciquiles networks right across Spain in both parties and was intended to keep out of power radical socialist, anarchist or republican parties that wished to destroy the monarchy.

Leadership of Francisco Silvela[edit]

Antonio Maura (1905–13)[edit]

Eduardo Dato (1913–21)[edit]

The final years (1923–31)[edit]

Electoral performance[edit]

Restoration Cortes[edit]

Election Popular vote Seats Leader Outcome
Votes  % #
1876 #1
317 / 391
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo PLC majority
1879 #1
295 / 392
PLC majority
1881 #2
62 / 392
PLF majority
1884 #1
311 / 393
PLC majority
1886 #2
83 / 395
PL majority
1891 #1
251 / 401
PLC majority
1893 #2
70 / 401
PL majority
1896 #1
272 / 401
PLC majority
1898 #4
9 / 401
Carlos O'Donnell PL majority
1899 Conservative Union
11 / 402
Francisco Silvela UC–PLC majority
1901 #2
84 / 402
PL majority
1903 #1
219 / 403
PLC majority
1905 #2
107 / 404
Antonio Maura PL majority
1907 1,842,634 60.0 #1
249 / 404
PLC majority
1910 21.9 #2
115 / 404
PL majority
1914 1
193 / 408
Eduardo Dato PLC minority
1916 #2
88 / 409
PLLD majority
1918 #1
98 / 409
PM–PLC–LDLibILLRC national unity
1919 #2
94 / 409
PLC minority
1920 #1
174 / 409
PLC minority
1923 #2
93 / 409
José Sánchez Guerra LDLibILPR coalition

Party leaders[edit]

See also[edit]