Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018

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Making appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2018, and for other purposes.
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titlesConsolidated Appropriations Act, 2018
Long title"An Act to amend the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to include severe forms of trafficking in persons within the definition of transnational organized crime for purposes of the rewards program of the Department of State, and for other purposes"
NicknamesOmnibus spending bill, Omnibus 2018
Enacted bythe 115th United States Congress
Public lawPub.L. 115–141 (text) (PDF)
Legislative history

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018 (Pub.L. 115–141 (text) (PDF)) is a United States omnibus spending bill for the United States federal government for fiscal year 2018 enacted by the 115th United States Congress and signed into law by President Donald Trump on March 23, 2018.

Legislative history[edit]

On the evening of March 21, 2018, the text of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018[1] was released. The text was posted to the web site of the United States House Committee on Rules at 10:00 p.m.[2] H.R. 1625, formerly the TARGET act, was used as a legislative vehicle for the appropriations bill.[3] At 10:15 p.m., the Committee's Chairman Pete Sessions (R-Texas) said he did not have a printout of the bill to consider.[2] The Committee voted 8–3 to allow one hour of debate on the full bill and to disallow all points of order against the motion to add the more than 2,000 pages to the bill.[2] The rule was filed at 1:20 a.m.[2] The one hour of debate began at 9:15 a.m.[2] Afterwards, James McGovern (D-Massachusetts) advocated to amend the bill further in order to be able to add text to adjust the status of unauthorized immigrants who entered the U.S. as children.[2] The House voted 233–186 to disallow adding any text to the bill other than the more than 2,000 pages proposed the night before.[2]

Approximately 17 hours after the 2,232-page bill was released, the House of Representatives passed the bill 256–167 on March 22.[4] That morning, Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney said, "Is the president going to sign the bill? Yes. Why? Because it funds his priorities."[5] The Senate passed the bill 65–32 after midnight on March 23.[6]

The morning of March 23, President Donald Trump said he might veto the bill because it would not fully fund a planned wall along the Mexico–United States border and would not address the individuals who entered the United States as children and are present in the United States without legal status.[7] President Trump signed the bill later in the day.[8]


General appropriations[edit]

Arts and humanities[edit]



Department of Agriculture[edit]

  • Agricultural businesses are exempted from reporting emissions from manure under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act.
  • The bill prevents the closure of the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, an agricultural experiment station that increases efficiency in sheep production and improve the sustainability of rangeland ecosystems.[15]
  • The bill delays the implementation of regulations requiring trucks that carry livestock to install electronic devices to monitor time spent driving.[17]
  • The Pesticide Registration Improvement Act is extended to September 30, 2018.[17] The Pesticide Registration Improvement Act created a registration service fee system for applications for specific pesticide registration, amended registration, and associated actions.[18]
  • The foreign catfish inspection program received a $5.5 million increase. Equivalence determinations must be completed within 180 days for each country that wants to continue exporting catfish to the United States. Imports of catfish are prohibited until a final rule of equivalence is issued if the deadline is not met.[19]

Department of Defense[edit]

  • The bill increased the budget of the Department of Defense by $61 billion. Military employees will receive an increase in pay of 2.4 percent.[20]
  • The bill added funding for approximately 17,000 more active duty troops and 10,000 more reserve troops in 2018.[21]
  • The bill included $34.4 billion for defense health and family programs, $359 million for cancer research, $125 million for research of traumatic brain injury and mental health, and $287 million for prevention of sexual assault and responses to sexual assault.[21]
  • The Department of Defense is now prohibited from spending more than 25 percent of its budget during the last two months of the fiscal year. Previously, the Department of Defense was limited to 20 percent.[21]
  • The Department of Defense is now allowed to reallocate to $20 million of its budget without notifying Congress. Previously, the threshold was $15 million.[21]
  • The United States Army Corps of Engineers' budget was increased by $789 million.[22]

Department of Energy[edit]

Department of Health and Human Services[edit]

  • The Child Care Development Block Grant, which provide child-care services for low-income family members who work, receive employment training, attend school, or whose children receive or need to receive protective services, was increased by $2.3 billion.[23][24]
  • Head Start, which provides comprehensive early-childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent-involvement services to low-income children and their families, received an increase of $610 million.[23]

Department of the Interior[edit]

Department of the Treasury[edit]

  • The Internal Revenue Service was allocated $196 million to improve customer service, modernize its systems, and implement the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[25]
  • The Internal Revenue Service is prohibited from spending federal funds "to target citizens of the United States for exercising any right guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States" or "to target groups for regulatory scrutiny based on their ideological beliefs."[25]
  • The Internal Revenue Service may not spend federal funds "to issue, revise, or finalize any regulation, revenue ruling, or other guidance not limited to a particular taxpayer relating to the standard which is used to determine whether an organization is operated exclusively for the promotion of social welfare for purposes of section 501(c)(4)."[25]

Domestic aid[edit]


  • The United States Department of Education will forgive $350-million worth of student debts of borrowers under the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program.[26]
  • The bill increased the maximum award for Pell Grants by $175.[27]
  • The bill adds $60 million to TRIO, eight programs that help low-income individuals, first-generation college students, and individuals with disabilities to attend middle school, high school, college, and graduate school.[27]
  • The bill adds $10 million to GEAR UP, a program that helps middle schools and high schools in areas with high rates of poverty and provides college scholarships to students with low incomes.[27]
  • The bill gives $5 million of funding for the National Park Service's HBCU Historic Preservation Program.[27]
  • The bill added $10 million of funding for the HBCU Capital Financing Program, which finances improvements to the infrastructure of historically black colleges and universities and improves their infrastructure.[27]


  • States are given $380 million to improve their voting systems.[25]



Foreign aid[edit]

  • The Palestinian Authority is ineligible from receiving federal funds unless the Palestinian Authority stops providing stipends to Palestinians imprisoned in Israel for attacking Israel or people in Israel.[10]
  • According to Jamphel Shonu of the Tibetan Government in Exile, "The massive bill includes $8 million for Tibetans inside Tibet and $6 million for Tibetan community in India and Nepal. The Congress also approved an additional and a new line of funding of $3 million to strengthen the capacity of Tibetan institutions and governance in exile."[30]

Homeland security[edit]



Law enforcement[edit]

  • The bill includes the CLOUD Act which amends the Stored Communications Act of 1986 to allow United States authorities to use warrants and subpoenas to require United States-based service providers to provide requested data stored on computer servers regardless of whether the servers are located within the United States or elsewhere. The bill also instructs the executive branch of the federal government to end mutual legal-assistance treaties with foreign governments.[33]

Science and medical research[edit]

  • The bill provided the largest increase in research funding in a decade, contrary to the significant cuts requested by the Trump administration.[34][35] The budget of the National Institutes of Health was increased by $3 billion.[12]
  • The bill includes funding for the National Institutes of Health's research into opioids, the Centers for Disease Control's programs for overdose prevention and monitoring, improving access to treatment for people in rural areas who are addicted to opioids, and the development of a protocol to notify medical facilities about patients' previous opioid use.[28][25][12]
  • The bill authorizes $15 million to study counties with high rates of obesity.[12]




  • Military personnel with an other-than-honorable discharge are required to have a mental health screening before departure.[37]
  • The United States Department of Veterans Affairs will offer mental health support to all veterans with at least 100 days of service in active duty, experienced sexual assault while serving, experienced trauma while serving, or operated an unmanned aerial vehicle.[37]
  • The United States Department of Veterans Affairs will allow veterans with other-than-honorable discharges to access its emergency rooms for urgent mental health care.[37]
  • Veterans with other-than-honorable discharges may appeal for discharge upgrades.[37]
  • Veterans are eligible to receive care at private-sector medical offices if deemed appropriate by a medical provider.[37]
  • The United States Department of Veterans Affairs must provide information on eligibility for benefits to affected veterans within six months of the bill's passage. Veterans must be able to call a phone number for more information. Usage of care must be tracked and reported to Congress.[37]

Visas and immigration[edit]


Proposed provisions not included in the final bill[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Rules Committee Print 115–66: Text of the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 1625 (Showing the text of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018)". U.S. House of Representatives. March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Wolfensberger, Don (April 2, 2018). "House majority rules spark minority fights". The Hill.
  3. ^ a b "H.R.1625 – 115th Congress". U.S. Congress. March 22, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Werner, Erica; DeBonis, Mike (March 22, 2018). "House approves jam-packed $1.3 trillion spending bill". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  5. ^ Schor, Elana; Everett, Burgess; Bade, Rachael; Nussbaum, Matthew (March 23, 2018). "Trump talked out of shoving government into a shutdown". Politico.
  6. ^ Carney, Jordan (March 23, 2018). "Senate approves $1.3 trillion spending bill, sending to Trump". The Hill.
  7. ^ Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike (March 23, 2018). "After earlier veto threat, Trump signs $1.3 trillion spending bill". The Washington Post. Portland Press-Herald.
  8. ^ Sommerfeldt, Chris (March 23, 2018). "President Trump reluctantly signs $1.3 trillion spending bill hours after threatening veto". New York Daily News.
  9. ^ a b c Johnson, Ted (March 23, 2018). "Arts Funding Gets a Boost in Omnibus Spending Bill". Variety.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Highlights from the omnibus spending bill Archived March 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine". Raycom News Network. Tucson News Now. March 24, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Broach, Drew (March 28, 2018). "What New Orleans gets in the $1.3 trillion omnibus spending bill". The Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana).
  12. ^ a b c d e f Harrington, Elizabeth (March 22, 2018). "Congress Gives Itself a Bonus in Omnibus". Washington Free Beacon.
  13. ^ a b c Martinson, Erin (March 23, 2018). "The big federal spending bill: What's in it for Alaska (and what isn't)". Anchorage Daily News.
  14. ^ "Omnibus bill language a victory for milk labeling standards". National Milk Producers Federation. Wisconsin State Farmer. March 27, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c Dumas, Carol Ryan (March 26, 2018). "Omnibus bill includes manure reporting exemption". Capital Press.
  16. ^ Mullin, Joe (April 2, 2018). "Congress Will Finally Make Its Research Reports Public". Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  17. ^ a b Dreiling, Larry (March 31, 2018). "Omnibus bill includes 199A fix, ELD delay and more". High Plains/Midwest Ag Journal (Dodge City, Kansas).
  18. ^ "About Pesticide Registration Fees under PRIA". United States Environmental Protection Agency. November 8, 2017.
  19. ^ a b Myers, Debbie Burt (March 28, 2018). "Omnibus appropriations bill delivers for Neshoba General". The Neshoba Democrat (Neshoba County, Mississippi).
  20. ^ Zanona, Melanie (March 23, 2018). "Winners and losers from the $1.3T omnibus". The Hill.
  21. ^ a b c d Maucione, Scott (March 22, 2018). "DoD gets nearly $655 billion and some flexibility on funding in omnibus bill". Federal News Radio.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Cahlink, George; Koss, Geof; Lunney, Kellie (March 22, 2018). "Omnibus rejects big EPA cuts, hikes Energy and Interior funds". E&E News. Environment & Energy Publishing, LLC.
  23. ^ a b "Hellmann, Jessie (March 21, 2018). "Spending bill would double child care funding for low-income families". The Hill.
  24. ^ "Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)". U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Erb, Kelly Phillips (March 24, 2018). "What's Included (And What's Not) In The $1.3 Trillion Omnibus Bill". Forbes.
  26. ^ Uria, Daniel (March 28, 2018). "New spending bill includes $350M second chance for student loans". UPI News.
  27. ^ a b c d e White, Herbert L. (March 23, 2018). "Omnibus adds spending for historically black colleges: Budget includes infrastructure and financial aid". The Charlotte Post.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g Patterson, Brittany (March 23, 2018). "4 Ways the Omnibus Spending Bill Affects Coal Country". West Virginia Public Broadcasting.
  29. ^ Barker, Rocky (March 23, 2018). "Andrus spent his life protecting this iconic Idaho wilderness; now it will carry his name". Idaho Statesman.
  30. ^ Shonu, Jamphel (March 23, 2018). "US Congress Approves Increased Funding for Tibetans in Tibet and Exile". Central Tibetan Administration. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 4, 2018. The massive bill includes $8 million for Tibetans inside Tibet and $6 Million for Tibetan community in India and Nepal. The Congress also approved an additional and a new line of funding of $3 million to strengthen the capacity of Tibetan institutions and governance in exile. In addition to the total $17 million listed here, there are also other Tibetan programs from the US government.
  31. ^ a b c d Debonis, Mike; O'Keefe, Ed; Werner, Erica. (March 23, 2018). "Here's what Congress is stuffing into its $1.3 trillion spending bill". The Washington Post Retrieved March 23, 2018. ISSN 0190-8286.
  32. ^ Khouri, Andrew (March 23, 2018). "Boost to affordable housing is part of new $1.3-trillion federal budget". The Los Angeles Times. Post-Bulletin (Rochester, Minnesota).
  33. ^ Krazit, Tom (March 23, 2018). "President Trump signs omnibus spending bill, putting the CLOUD Act on the books in big shift for cloud data". Geek Wire.
  34. ^ "U.S. spending deal contains largest research spending increase in a decade". Science Insider. March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  35. ^ Hourihan, Matt; Parkes, David (March 22, 2018). "Omnibus Would Provide Largest Research Increase in Nearly a Decade". American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  36. ^ Knopp, Martin C. (March 28, 2018). "Information: MUTCD – Interim Approval for Use of Clearview Font for Positive Contrast Legends on Guide Signs (IA-5)—Reinstatement [HOTO-1]" (PDF). Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  37. ^ a b c d e f Shane III, Leo (March 22, 2018). "Budget omnibus includes new mental health care for other-than-honorable vets". Military Times.
  38. ^ Campoy, Anna (March 23, 2018). "The new US spending bill funds a tiny bit of border wall—but creates up to 60,000 new visas". Quartz.
  39. ^ "H-2B Certification for Temporary Non-Agricultural Work". Employment & Training Administration. United States Department of Labor. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  40. ^ a b c d Maples, Robert Y. (March 23, 2018). "Omnibus Appropriation Legislation with EB-5 Extension Becomes Law". Greenberg Traurig, LLP. The National Law Review. March 23, 2018.
  41. ^ Nixon, Ron (May 9, 2017). "Program That Lets Foreigners Write a Check, and Get a Visa, Draws Scrutiny". The New York Times.
  42. ^ "Employment-Based Immigration: Fourth Preference EB-4". United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. December 1, 2017.
  43. ^ "Special Immigrant Religious Workers". United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. February 9, 2018.
  44. ^ "Conrad 30 Waiver Program". United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. May 5, 2014.
  45. ^ "What is E-Verify?" United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. July 20, 2017.
  46. ^ a b c McPherson, Lindsey (March 23, 2018). under the Fix NICS Act of 2017"How House Members Voted on the Omnibus Versus the Budget Deal: More Democrats, including Pelosi, switch to 'yes' on omnibus from ‘no’ on budget deal". Roll Call.
  47. ^ a b c Schallhorn, Kaitlyn (March 23, 2018). "What's in Congress' spending bill? 5 things to know about the omnibus package". Fox News.
  48. ^ Rousselle, Christine (March 23, 2018). "US House Passes Spending Bill That Continues Funding of Planned Parenthood". National Catholic Register.
  49. ^ Bradner, Eric (March 22, 2018). "Trump's veto threat on spending bill gives ammo to conservative candidates in GOP primaries". CNN.
  50. ^ a b c d e Frieg, Gregory (March 22, 2018). "What's not in the omnibus is what matters most". CNN.
  51. ^ Kidston, Martin (March 23, 2018). "Sen. Schumer weighs in on Yellowstone protection amid Montana delegation’s disagreement". Missoula Current.
  52. ^ "What is the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018?". IST.