Constance Wachtmeister

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Constance Georgina Louise Wachtmeister
Xylography 1894
BornConstance Georgina Louise de Bourbel de Montpincon
(1838-03-28)28 March 1838[1]
Florence, Italy
Died24 September 1910(1910-09-24) (aged 72)[2]
OccupationEditor, lecturer, theosophist
Notable workReminiscences of H.P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine"
Spouse(s)Carl Wachtmeister (married 1863)
ChildrenOne son, Axel Raoul Wachtmeister
  • Auguste de Bourbel de Montpincon
  • Constance Bulkley

Constance Georgina Louise Wachtmeister (née Constance de Bourbel de Montpincon, French: de Bourbel de Montpinçon; March 28, 1838 in Florence – September 24, 1910 in Los Angeles), known as Countess Wachtmeister, was a prominent theosophist, a close friend of Helena Blavatsky.[3][4][5]


Constance's father was French Marquis de Bourbel de Montpincon and mother Constance Bulkley, English by birth. She lost her parents when she was very young and was sent to her aunt Mrs Bulkley in England. In 1863 she married her cousin, the Count Wachtmeister, with whom she had a son, count Axel Raoul.[6]

After three years of marriage she moved to Stockholm where, in 1868, the count was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs.[7][8] After the death of her husband in 1871, she still lived in Sweden for several years. In 1879 the countess began investigating Spiritism[7] and in 1881 joined the London Lodge of the Theosophical Society.[9] She met H.P. Blavatsky in London in 1884.[10] She was an important partner for Blavatsky and essential support for the work of The Secret Doctrine. Some time after Blavatsky had come in 1885 at Würzburg she was joined by the Wachmeister, who "loyally and lovingly helped in the great work."[11] In 1887 Wachtmeister organized the Theosophical Publishing Co. alongside Bertram Keightley, in order to publish Blavatsky's works.[10][12] In 1888-95 she was an editor of the Theosophical Siftings.[13][14] She was secretary and treasurer of the Blavatsky Lodge in London.[13] In 1890 she became a member of the Inner Group of Blavatsky Lodge.[15] In 1893 Besant and Wachtmeister went to India.[10] In 1894 she had a lecture in New York City on theosophical questions.[16] In 1896 Wachmeister toured the USA and Australia lecturing on Theosophy.[5]

Reminiscences of Blavatsky[edit]

She has not left many written texts, but her work Reminiscences of H. P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine" is a source for a study on the personality of Madame Blavatsky.[17][18]

Wachmeister stated that she has now spent a few months with Blavatsky. "I have shared her room and been with her morning, noon and night. I have had access to all her boxes and drawers, have read the letters which she received and those which she wrote." [19] Wachtmeister, who became Blavatsky's "guardian angel, domestically speaking, during the years of the composition of The Secret Doctrine in Germany and Belgium, has printed her account of a number of extraordinary occurrences of the period."[20] In her Reminiscences Wachmeister writes in detail of the many facts coming under her observation which pointed to extrinsic help in the Blavatsky's work. She wrote: "The Secret Doctrine will be indeed a great and grand work. I have had the privilege of watching its progress, of reading the manuscripts, and witnessing the occult way in which she derived her information."[21]

Wachtmeister wrote, "When a printed copy [of The Secret Doctrine] was put into my hands, I was thankful to feel that all these hours of pain, toil and suffering had not been in vain, and that H.P.B. had been able to accomplish her task and give to the world this grand book, which, she told me, would have to wait quietly until the next century to be fully appreciated, and would only be studied by the few now."[22]


  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1976). Reminiscences of H.P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine". Theosophical classics series (2nd ed.). Wheaton, Ill: Theosophical Pub. House. ISBN 0835604888. OCLC 2493519.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1895). H. P. B. and the present crisis in the Theosophical Society. London: Women's printing society. OCLC 31245050.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1895). Theosophy in every-day life. Sidney. OCLC 46265300.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1897). Spiritualism in the light of theosophy. San Francisco, Calif: Mercury Print. OCLC 14466635.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1897). Practical vegetarian cookery. Chicago, Ill: Theosophical Book Concern. OCLC 3025026. (in co-authorship)
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (2010). Psychic and Astral Development. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1162833998.


  • Вахтмейстер, Констанция (2011). Воспоминания о Е. П. Блаватской и "Тайной доктрине" [Reminiscences of H.P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine"]. Архивы. Исследования (in Russian). Одесса: Астропринт. ISBN 978-966-190-329-5.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1979). "La doctrine secréte" et madame Blavatsky [Reminiscences of H.P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine"] (in French). Paris. OCLC 901210898.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1894). H. P. Blavatsky och "Den hemliga läran" [Reminiscences of H.P. Blavatsky and "The Secret Doctrine"] (in Swedish). Göteborg. OCLC 465903582.
  • Wachtmeister, Constance (1905). De theosofie in het dagelijksch leven [Theosophy in every-day life] (in Dutch). Amsterdam: Theosofische Uitgeversmaatschappij. OCLC 66294889.


  1. ^ Idun & 1894-04-06.
  2. ^ Memories 1936, p. 5.
  3. ^ Besant 1893, ch. 14.
  4. ^ Сенкевич 2012, p. 436.
  5. ^ a b Tillett 1986, p. 982.
  6. ^ Axel Raoul Wachtmeister (1865-1947) was a well-known musical composer in his day, an author opera-oratorio Prince Siddhartha, oclc.
  7. ^ a b Memories 1936, p. 3.
  8. ^ Carl Wachtmeister (1823–1871). Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon.
  9. ^ Wachtmeister 1976, ch. 2.
  10. ^ a b c Memories 1936, p. 4.
  11. ^ Heindel 1933, ch. 3.
  12. ^ 1891 England Census, showing a household including "Constance Wachtmeister, manager of Publishing Office; Helena Blavatsky, authoress; and others."
  13. ^ a b Вахтмейстер 2011, От переводчиков.
  14. ^ Theosophical Siftings
  15. ^ Cleather 1923, p. 22.
  16. ^ New York Times & 1894-09-20.
  17. ^ Сенкевич 2012, pp. 436–455.
  18. ^ Wachtmeister 1976, ch. 4.
  19. ^ Kuhn 1992, p. 86.
  20. ^ Kuhn 1992, p. 190.
  21. ^ Wachtmeister 1976, ch. 10.


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