Constant Ferdinand Burille

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Constant Ferdinand Burille (born 30 August 1866 – died October 1914, Boston) was an American chess master.

He was a Bostonian born in Paris (according to another source - born in Boston),[1] Burille was a member of a group of Boston chess players and theoreticians who formed a loose chess association they called the Mandarins of the Yellow Buttons.[2] He took 15th at New York City 1889 (the 6th American Chess Congress won by Mikhail Chigorin and Max Weiss). He beat F.K. Young (13.5–1.5) in a match in 1888, and lost to Harry Nelson Pillsbury (3–7) in 1892 (Burille gave odds of pawn and move).[3] He also played in cable chess matches New York vs. London in 1896 (won a game against Henry Edward Bird) and 1897 (lost a game to Henry Ernest Atkins).[4]

The "Burille variation" is a recognized variation in the Grünfeld defense[5]. Burille was one of the operators of the Ajeeb, a chess-playing "automaton".[6][7][8] Franklin K. Young gave a number of games by Burille in his book The Grand Tactics of Chess (Boston, 1905).


  1. ^ Chess Notes by Edward Winter :: Mate every minute
  2. ^ Sarah's Chess Journal :: Mandarins of the Yellow Buttons Archived 2007-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Edo Historical Chess Ratings :: Burille, Constant
  4. ^ :: Constant Ferdinand Burille
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2014-10-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Chessville :: History :: Constant Ferdinand Burille Archived 2010-09-19 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Chess Automatons Archived October 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ ChessBase :: Spotlights :: Der Schachtürke Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine