Constantine Ypsilantis

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Constantine Ypsilantis
Konstantinos Ypsilantis.JPG
Prince of Moldavia
Reign9 March 1799 – 4 July 1801
PredecessorAlexandru Callimachi
SuccessorAlexandros Soutzos
Prince of Wallachia
(1st reign)
Reign1 September 1802 – August 1806
PredecessorAlexandros Soutzos
SuccessorJohn Caradja
Prince of Wallachia
(2nd reign)
Reign27 December 1806 – 31 May 1807
PredecessorAlexandros Soutzos
SuccessorRussian occupation
Born1760
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died24 June 1816
Kiev, Russian Empire
SpouseRalu Callimachi
IssueAlexander Ypsilantis, Demetrios Ypsilantis
FatherAlexander Ypsilantis
ReligionOrthodox


Constantine Ypsilantis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Υψηλάντης Konstantinos Ypsilantis; Romanian: Constantin Ipsilanti; 1760 – 24 June 1816), was the son of Alexander Ypsilanti, a key member of an important Phanariote family, Grand Dragoman of the Porte (1796–99), hospodar[1] of Moldavia (1799–1802) and Walachia (1802–06), and a Prince[2] through marriage to the daughter of Alexandru Callimachi.

Resistance against the Ottoman Empire[edit]

Ypsilantis Coat of Arms (1805)

Ypsilantis had joined in a conspiracy to liberate Greece and, on its discovery, fled to Vienna, had been pardoned by the sultan and in 1799 appointed by him hospodar of Moldavia. Deposed in 1805, he escaped to St Petersburg, and in 1806, at the head of some 20,000 Russians, returned to Bucharest, where he set to work on a fresh attempt to liberate Greece.

Union of Moldavia and Wallachia[edit]

From 1806, during Russian occupation of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, Russia encouraged their provisional union under Prince Constantine Ypsilanti. Russia preferred their union for improved relations with the Principalities and their formal union was planned for 1830.[2]

Ypsilantis' plans were ruined by the peace of Tilsit and in 1807 he emigrated with his family to Russia.

Legacy[edit]

Ypsilantis died, in Kiev, where he had served as commandant of the Pechersk Fortress since 1807. He left five sons, of whom two played a conspicuous part in the Greek War of Independence: Alexander and Demetrios.

References[edit]

  1. ^ East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859, p. 178.
  2. ^ a b East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859, p. 59.

Sources[edit]

  • East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859 - An Episode in Diplomatic History, Thirlwall Prize Essay for 1927, Cambridge University Press (1929).
Preceded by
George Mourouzis
Grand Dragoman of the Porte
1796–1799
Succeeded by
Alexandros Soutzos
Preceded by
Alexandru Callimachi
Prince of Moldavia
1799–1801
Succeeded by
Alexandros Soutzos
Preceded by
Alexandros Soutzos
Prince of Wallachia
1802–1806
Succeeded by
Russian occupation