Constitution of Kuwait

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The Constitution of Kuwait was created by the Constitutional Assembly in 1961–1962 and signed into law on 11 November 1962 by His Highness the Emir, the Commander of the Military of Kuwait Sheikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah. The constitution establishes Kuwait as a Hereditary constitutional monarchy and Islam as the state religion.[1]

The Constitution of Kuwait is based on the democratic principles and combines the positive aspects of both presidential and parliamentary systems prevalent in advanced democratic countries. The pillars of the Constitution are the sovereignty of the State, public freedom and equality before the law.[2]

The Constitution of the State of Kuwait is composed of 183 articles divided into five chapters:[2]

  • The State and the System of Government
  • Fundamental Constituents of Kuwaiti Society
  • Public Rights and Duties
  • Powers
  • General and Transitional Provisions

The head of the state is His Highness the Emir, the Commander of the Military of Kuwait, who has extensive competencies, who along with his cabinet constitutes the executive branch.[2]:52 The Emir is also part of the legislative branch along with the National Assembly of Kuwait.[2]:51 The National Assembly has 50 seats, elected equally from 5 districts.[3] The parliament can be dismissed by the Constitutional Court and His Highness the Emir, which is usually followed by elections within 2 months.[2]:107 However, this is not always the case: the parliament has been suspended a number of times; two of those times were for extended periods and also involved the suspension of the constitution.[1]