Constitution of Kuwait
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The Constitution of Kuwait was created by the Constitutional Assembly in 1961–1962 and signed into law on 11 November 1962 by the Emir Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah. The constitution establishes Kuwait as a constitutional emirate.
The Constitution of Kuwait is based on the democratic principles and combines the positive aspects of both presidential and parliamentary systems prevalent in advanced democratic countries. The pillars of the Constitution are the sovereignty of the State, public freedom and equality before the law.
The Constitution of the State of Kuwait is composed of 183 articles divided into five chapters:
- The State and the System of Government
- Fundamental Constituents of Kuwaiti Society
- Public Rights and Duties
- General and Transitional Provisions
The constitution stipulates that Kuwait must have an elected legislature (the National Assembly parliament). The Emir is the head of state and can appoint the prime minister, however the appointment of the prime minister requires the approval of the National Assembly parliament. The National Assembly parliament is the legislative branch. The Emir and the cabinet constitute the executive branch.:52 The National Assembly has 50 seats, elected equally from 5 districts. The parliament can be dismissed by the Constitutional Court and the Emir, but must subsequently be followed by elections within 2 months.:107
- "Kuwait Constitution". The Diwan of The Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait.
- "About National Assembly". The Diwan of The Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait.