Constitution of Mongolia

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Constitution of Mongolia
Original titleМонгол Улсын
Үндсэн Хууль
RatifiedJanuary 13, 1992
Date effectiveFebruary 12, 1992
SystemUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Head of statePresident
(State Great Khural)
ExecutivePrime Minister led cabinet
JudiciarySupreme Court
Electoral collegeNo
First legislatureJuly 21, 1992
First executiveJune 6, 1993 (President)
July 21, 1992 (PM)
Last amendedJuly 22, 2014
Commissioned byPeople's Great Khural
SupersedesConstitution of the Mongolian People's Republic
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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Constitution of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Үндсэн Хууль, Mongol Ulsīn Ündsen Húlĭ, "General Law of the Mongolian State") is the constitution of Mongolia.

It was adopted on January 13, 1992, put into force on February 12, and amended in 1999 and 2001. The new constitution established a representative democracy in Mongolia, guaranteeing freedom of religion, rights, travel, expression, unalienable rights, government setup, election cycle, and other matters. It was written after the Mongolian Revolution of 1990 and dissolved the People's Republic of Mongolia. It consists of a preamble followed by six chapters divided into 70 articles.[1]

It is very close to and/or inspired by Western constitutions in terms of freedom of press, inalienable rights, freedom to travel, and other rights.

Previous constitutions had been adopted in 1924, 1940 and 1960.


Chapter One[edit]

Declares the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Mongolian state. Defines relationship between religion and state. Defines Mongolian emblem, flag, and anthem.[2]

Chapter Two[edit]

Specifies the civil, political, and human rights of the individual. Freedom of religion, of expression, of the press, the right to vote. Equality before the law. The right to Health care, education, and intellectual property. Also lists duties of the citizen, including paying taxes and serving in the armed forces.[3]

Chapter Three[edit]

Defines the structure of the legal system and form of the republic. Describes the structure of the government.

Chapter Four[edit]

Codifies the administrative districts of Mongolia and describes the relationship between national and local government.[3]

Chapter Five[edit]

Establishes a Constitutional Court to make rulings on interpretation of the constitution.[3]

Chapter Six[edit]

Describes the amendment process for changing the constitution.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 38
  2. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 38-39
  3. ^ a b c d Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 39

Further reading[edit]

  • S. Narangerel, Legal System of Mongolia, Interpress, 2004

External links[edit]