Constitutional Loya Jirga

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Afghan leaders who met at the December 2001 Bonn Conference which picked Hamid Karzai to lead the Afghan Transitional Authority also agreed that a Constitutional Loya Jirga should be convened to draft a new constitution.[1][2]

The Emergency Loya Jirga of 2002 set up an Afghan Constitutional Commission, of 35 members, which sat from October 2002 until March 2003, prior to submitting their draft to President Karzai.[2] That draft was made public in November 2003.

502 delegates were selected, via regional caucuses, to participate in the Constitutional Loya Jirga to debate, amend the draft. [3] In her thesis at the Naval Postgraduate School Zoe Sherman described the composition of the Constitutional Loya Jirga of 2002 as being unlike any previous Loya Jirga.

Ten committees were formed, each assigned to review specific articles.[4] The Constitutional Loya Jirga sat from December 13, 2003, to January 4, 2004.[2]

Committee One: 45 articles, chaired by Ustad Rabani[edit]

Committee One: 45 articles, chaired by Ustad Rabani[4]
honorific name location
Mawlawi Abdurrahman Badakhshan Province
Aborrashid Eshraqi Badakhshan
Dr Anis Gol Akhgar Badakhshan
Prof Burhanoddin Rabbani Badakhshan
Abdul Qasim Kapisa
Ghawsoddin Samangan
Mohammad Akram Sharafat Laghman
Padshah Zabul
Mohammad Esmael Saifi Nimroz
Mohammad Azam Dadfar Jowzjan
Sajjad Mohseni Bamyan
Abdul Wahed Parwan
Hajji Mohammad Sadeq Urozgan
Hajji Abdul Qayum Konduz
Hajji Marhaba Ghazni Province
Mohammad Usman Tariq Logar
Bashir Ahmad Logar
Mohammad Rafiq Faryab
Aqa Karim Watanyar Faryab
Hajji Mohammad Musa Farah
Mir Abdurrahan Takhar
Mohammad Ashraf Balkh
Sayd Nasruddin Mohseni Balkh
Hajji Shahzada Helmand
Mohammad Eshaq Paktika
Hafizollah Baghlan
Eng Abdul Ghaws Nangarhar
Dawlat Khan Herat
Mohammad Daud Herat
Hajji Nurollah Khan Tokhi Kandahar
Mohammad Yunos Nurzai Kandahar
Dr Hayatollah Kandahar
Abdul Munir Danesh Kabul Province
Shakila Kabul Province
Abdul Satar Kabul Province
Jafar Rasuli Bamyan
Hajji Dost Mohammad
Sayd Naser Naderi Baghan
Abdul Hakim Spin Farah
Kabir Marzban Takhar
Aryan Yun Nangarhar
Tahera Daikondi, Urozgan
Sima Joyonda Ghor
Malali Joya Farah
Gholam Faruq Majroh Herat
Shahla
Abdul Qader
Shaheda
Bibi Saheba
Bibi Amena

Committee Two: 27 articles, chaired by Ustad Sayaf[edit]

Committee Two: 27 articles, chaired by Ustad Sayaf[4]
honorific name location
Abdul Wali Niazi Badakhshan
Ahmad Hosayn Deneshyar Ghowr
Khwaja Gholam Ghaws Kapisa
Amir Mohammad Samangan
Sultan Mohammad Zabul
Prof Abdurrab Rasul Sayyaf
Amir Hamza Nuristan
Amanollah Nimroz
Mohammad Omar Makhdum Jowzjan
Mohammad Daud Bamian
Mir Hamidollah Parwan
Abdul Qayum Karzai Urozgan
Qari Rahmatollah Konduz
Sediq Chakari Kabul Province
Khodadad Erfani Ghazni
Abdul Hafiz Mansur Kabul Province
Abdul Ghani Ghazni
Dr Asadollah Logar
Abdul Ahad Faryab
Sardar Elmrad Arghon Faryab
Gholam Mahyoddin Farah
Eng Abdullah Takhar
Mohammad Gol Yunosi Balkh
Sayd Ebrar Balkh
Hafizollah Haqyar Helmand
Mohammad Anwar Eshaqzai Helmand
Daud Shah Paktika
Abdul Jalil Baghlan
Sayd Jamal Nangarhar
Hajji Daud Arsalaiee Nangarhar
Hamayun Shinwari Nangarhar
Abdul Zaher Alizai Herat
Hajji Ali Badshah Khost
Eng Abdul Salam Kandahar
Obaidollah Obaid Kabul Province
Fazl Karim Aimaq Kabul Province
Sayd Anwar Rahmati Kabul Province
Gholam Rabani Nasher Kabul Province
Mawlawi Nazar Mohammad Kabul Province
Mastura Stanekzai Logar
Hajji Hayatollah
Mawlawi Khodaidad Herat
Abdullatif Jalali Ghazni
Nadera Wardak Maidan Wardag
Masuda Ahmadi
Sharifa Azimi
Soraya Ahadi
Wazir Bai
Tabiba Taheri
Nafas Gol Khedmat Farah

Committee Three: 21 articles, chaired by Ahmad Nabi Muhammadi[edit]

Committee Three: 21 articles, chaired by Ahmad Nabi Muhammadi[4]
honorific name location
Nazri Mohammad Niromand Badakhshan
Fazl Ahmad Ghowr
Abdul Wahab Kapisa
Azizollah Rozi Samangan
Hajji Gholam Saifollah Zabol
Ahmad Nabi Mohammadi Logar
Mohammad Tamim Nuristani Nurestan
Faizollah Zaki Jowzjan
Abdulhai Ashir Jowzjan
Ali Mohammad Bamian
Hajji Khair Mohammad Sar-e Pol
Abdul Hakim Nurzai Urozgan
Shafiqa Konduz
Abdul Hakim Ghazni
Mawlawi Shahzada Shahed Khas Konar
Faizollah Qadri Fariab
Tajoddin Takhar
Mohammad Yaqub Takhar
Omarqul Balkh
Abdul Hadi Helmand
Sayd Omar Helmand
Mir Mohammad Agha Baghlan
Khalil Ahmad Baghlan
Malek Qais Nangarhar
Hajji Abdurraof Mokhles Herat
Ebrahim Koshki Herat
Hajji Besmellah Gol Khost
Khaled Ahmad Pashtun Kandahar
Dr Samiollah Kabul Province
Hajji Nazar Mohammad Kabul Province
Mohammad Alem Anis Kabul Province
Ustad Saifi Kabul Province
Mohammad Rauf Mehdi Kabul Province
Hajji Gol Ahmadzai Afghan refugees in Pakistan
Mohammad Esmael Qasemyar Ghazni
Gen Abdurrashid Dostum Maymana
Saifora Niazi Balkh
Mohammad Gol Kochai Ghazni
Nasima No province
Adam Khan No Province
Nasifa Nasif Maidan Wardag
Mawlawi Halim Jan
Golalalai
Abdul Jabar Naimi
Zarghona
Momena Yarui
Simin
Samea
Mohammad Ehsan Fayaz
Shirin Mohseni
Zakia

Committee Four: 38 articles, chaired by Mohammad Tahir[edit]

Committee Four: 38 articles, chaired by Mohammad Tahir[4]
honorific name location
Dawlat Mohammad Jawshan Badakhshan
Kamaloddin Ghowr
Eslamoddin Mangal Paktia
Abdurrauf Samangan
Dr Abdullah Laghman
Hajji Nazar Zabol
Suleman Hamed Badghis
Mohammad Esmael Jowzjan
Eng Ahmad Jowzjan
Ahmad Salangi instead [sic] Abdul Satar Parwan
Ustad Mohammad Asef Parwan
Sayd Hasan Safaee Sar-e Pol
Dr Abdullah Urozgan
Salem Bakhtyar Konduz
Mohammad Sunzur Ghazni
Qazi Abdul Satar Konar
Mohammad Hasan Kohzad Fariab
Gholam Rabani Takhar
Zaidollah Maidan Wardag
Gholam Faruq Balkh
Jan Mohammad Balkh
Abdul Ahad Helmand
Nader Khan Katawazi Paktika
Amroddin Baghlan
Hajji Mirwais Nangarhar
Eng Abdul Ghafar Nangarhar
Socha Gol Nangarhar
Mohammad Rafiq Shahir Herat
Nazir Ahmad Herat
Mohammad Taher Khost
Abdul Salam Kandahar
Abdul Shkur Waqef Hakimi Kabul Province
Habiba Kabul Province
Gholam Rabani Formoli Kabul Province
Mollah Ezatollah Kabul Province
Sayd Abdul Qayum Sajadi Ghazni
Golalali Jabarkhel Afghan refugees in Pakistan
Mohammad Asef
Sayd Hasan Safavi
Dr Abdullah
Nosh Afarin Ghowr
Dr Arefa
Masuda Karokhi
Eng Maliha
Sher Ahmad
Halima Ghazal
Zia Kakar Laghman
Hasina
Nasrollah Khan

Committee Five: 35 articles, chaired by Ayatullah Muhsini[edit]

Committee Five: 35 articles, chaired by Ayatullah Muhsini[4]
honorific name location
Amanollah Paiman Badakhshan
Atta Mohammad Ghowr
Anwar Khan Paktia
Hakamoddin Samangan
Ayatollah Mohammad Asef Mohseni
Mohammad Shah Shafiq
Mowlawi Abdul Hanan Nurestan
Jamahir Mohammad Jowzjan
Pir Sayd Ahmad Gelani
Gholam Yahya Parwan
Jawad Saadat Sar-e Pol
Sayd Mohammad Urozgan
Eng Mohammad Khan Konduz
Mir Abdullah Alemi Ghazni
Hajji Misl Khan Konar
Dr Ezatollah Fariab
Abdul Khair Takhar
Torbor Ghotak Maidan Wardag
Hajji Mohammad Musa Hotak Maidan Wardag
Dr Mehyoddin Mehdi Kabul Province
Sher Mohammad Majlesi Balkh
Khwaja Sher Padshah Qeyam Kabul Province
Abdul Qayum Balkh
Hajji Abdul Qader Helmand
Hajji Mahmud Paktika
Mohammad Yunos Baghlan
Amanollah Nangarhar
Faridol Khan Nangarhar
Mohammad Saleh Saljoqi Herat
Sayd Mohammad Hosayn Hosayni Herat
Khaki Jan Khost
Hajji Mohammad Mokhtar Kandahar
Mohammad Shoaib Kabul Province
Ahmad Shah Kabul Province
Sher Alam Bahador Kabul Province
Moslema Kabul Province
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai Kabul Province
Gholam Reza[disambiguation needed] Kabul Province
Amanollah Hamraiee Takhar
Hajji Mohammad Rasul Jowzjan
Dawajan Kochai
Najia Zarah
Ali Ghazal Kohi
Rahela Jama.
Nafisa Sadeqi
Hasina Mokhles
Hayat Bibi
Qamar
Mohammad Zaman

Committee Six: 22 articles, chaired by Maulowi Gul Muhammad[edit]

Committee Six: 22 articles, chaired by Maulowi Gul Muhammad.[4]
honorific name location
Abdul Basir Eshrat Badakhshan
Abdullah Rahimi Ghowr
Dr Wali Mohammad Paktia
Asadollah Laghman
Habibollah Zowran Badghis
Hazrat Sebghatollah Mojadedi Kabul Province
Mohammad Malik Nurestan
Gol Ahmad Paiman Sheberghan
Hajji Mohammad Parwan
Mawlawi Mohammad Akbar Sar-e Pol
Gholam Hosayn Shafaq Sar-e Pol
Mohammad Amin Konduz
Khan Shirini Konduz
Mowlawi Gol Mohammad Khan Ghazni
Mohammad Naim Ghazni
Mohammad Aslam Khas Konar
Norullah Musib Fariab
Mohammad Hasan Takhar
Mohammad Daud Ghairat Maidan Wardag
Mohammad Yaqub Balkh
Hajji Abdul Ghafur Balkh
Hajji Nazar Gul Paktika
Hajji Abdul Ghafar Baghlan
Abdullah Nangarhar
Mohammad Zaher Khan Nangarhar
Abdul Ghani Mawlawi Zada Herat
Sediqollah Khost
Ahmad Wali Achekzai Kandahar
Masuda Jalal Kabul Province
Hajji Mohammad Hashem Mehdi Kabul Province
Sheikh Mohammad Ebrabhim Mohseni Kabul Province
Dost Mohammad Kabul Province
Dr Ahmad Shah Farhat Kandahar
Mari Rokhshani Nimroz
Amanollah Khan Naseri Zabol
Sahera Sharif
Mohad Taye
Nuria Wesal
Moslema
Habiba
Hawa Nuri
Fatema
Mahbuba
Saleha
Mohammad Wais
Chrik Singham
Jamila Mojahed
Nazanin Jabar Khel
Safia

Committee Seven: 40 articles, chaired by Dr. Mashahed[edit]

Committee Seven: 40 articles, chaired by Dr. Mashahed[4]
honorific name location
Abdul Wahab Badakhshan
Mohammad Ghowr
Mamur Fazl Rahman Paktia
Mokaram Khan Laghman
Gholam Rasul Badghis
Mohammad Saleh Rasekh Jowzjan
Mohammad Tawus Parwan
Mohammad Nabi Sadri Sar-e Pol
Sayd Faruq Omar Konduz
Mohammad Akbari
Mohammad Amin Konduz
Mohammad Taher Ghazni
Mohammad Rahim Konar
Temor Shah Faizi Farah
Mohammad Sarwar Osmani Farah
Mir Mohammad Wali Takhar
Amanollah Maidan Wardag
Mohammad Rasul Ahmadi Balkh
Abdul Ghani) Balkh
Saifol Maluk Helmand
Mohammad Nawab Paktika
Mohebollah Baghlan
Hajji Mohammad Daud Nangarhar
Gol Mohammad Nangarhar
Rohol Amin Sher Nangarhar
Abdullah Mawlawi Zada Herat
Hajji Raz Mohammad Khost
Mohammad Akbar Marufi Kandahar
Razia Naimi Kabul Province
Gholam Daud Kabul Province
Nurollah Kabul Province
Dr Mohammad Wahid Binesh Kabul Province
Padshah Mir Afghan refugees in Pakistan
Hajji Khair Mohammad Eshaqzai Sar-e Pol
Wali Mohammad Helmand
Dr Moshaher Takhar
Moslema Badakhshan
Sara Sorkhabi Fariab
Rahima Baghlan
Zeb Nesa Takhar
Maria Sazawar Balkh
Hanifa Aminpor Aybak
Homaira Golshani Sar-e Pol
Safia Sediqi
Dr Khadija Paktika
Fawzia Bamian
Farida Nimroz
Samiolhaq Representative of the disabled
Mohammad Ihsan Fayaz Representative of the disabled

Committee Eight: 46 articles, chaired by Ustad Farid[edit]

Committee Eight: 46 articles, chaired by Ustad Farid[4]
honorific name location
Dr Abdul Wodud Badakhshan
Abdul Aziz Ghowr
Zinolabedin Farid Kapisa
Mamur Abdurrahman Paktia
Qazi Abdul Jabar Laghman
Hajji Mohammad Anwar Badghis
Mohammad Omar Nimroz
Ali Jan Jamal Ghazni
Allah Berdi Jowzjan
Mohammad Sadeq Aliyar Bamian
Mohammad Sarwar Jawadi Bamian
Yar Mohammad Parwan
Faizollah Faiaz Sar-e Pol
Abdul Qader Adalat Khwah Konduz
Ahmad Wali Masud
Mowlana Abdurrahman Ghazni
Mohebollah Samim Ghazni
Hajji Sayd Ahmad Konar
Mohammad Tareq Fariab
Abdul Samad Sediqi Farah
Abdul Motaleb Takhar
Hajji Nek Mohammad Shah Nuri Maidan Wardag
Gholam Hosayn Balkh
Sado Khan Helmand
Aref Khan Paktika
Abdul Karim Baghlan
Malek Nazir Nangarhar
Hajji Rohollah Nangarhar
Hajji Shahpur Nangarhar
Ahmad Shah Shahrukhi Herat
Mohammad Sayd Herat
Azizollah Wasefi Kandahar
Ahmad Wali Karzai Kandahar
Hajji Ahmad Shah Kandahar
Yar Mohammad Kabul Province
Sultan Mohammad Kabul Province
Sher Shah Kabul Province
Fetema Fatemi Kandahar
Fazl Rahman Afghan refugees in Kohat, a place in Pakistan
Wali Mohammad Paktika
Khatib Saheb Konduz

Committee Nine: 36 articles, chaired by Hashmat Ghani Ahmadzai[edit]

Committee Nine: 36 articles, chaired by Hashmat Ghani Ahmadzai[4]
honorific name location
Wali Hotak Kandahar
Mohammad Baqer Sheikh Zada Kabul Province
Hajji Bedar Kabul Province
Hafizollah Nurestani Kabul Province
Sayd Golab Wadan Kabul Province
Hajji Janat Gol Kabul Province
Sediqa Mobarez Maidan Wardag
Abdul Naser Shafiq Afghan refugees in Pakistan
Sardar Abdul Wali Khan
Hajji Mohammad Sediq Kochi
Rangina
Habiba Wahaj
Piri Gol Badakhshan
Nader Hayat Borhani Samangan
Halima
Soraya Paikan
Sharifa
Sadozai
Soraya Parlika
Hashmat Ghani Ahmadzai

Committee Ten: 29 articles, chaired by Maulowi Syd Muhammad Hanif[edit]

Committee Ten: 29 articles, chaired by Maulowi Syd Muhammad Hanif[4]
honorific name location
Hajji Abdurrahman Badakhshan
Nasrollah Sadeqi Zada Urozgan
Mohammad Eqbal Kapisa
Abdol Hakim Monib Paktia
Joma Dar Paktia
Qeyamoddin Kashaf Laghman
Hajji Abdullah Zabol
Abdurrahman Wafa Bamian
Mowlawi Mohammad Shah Parwan
Naqibollah Urozgan
Asadollah Omar Khel Konduz
Yusof Waezi No place mentioned
Sayd Mohammad Logar
Hajji Amanat Khan Konar
Hedayatollah Hedayat Fariab
Mohammad Alam Farah
Mowlawi Ahmadollah Takhar
Hajji Ahmad Takhar
Mohammad Mehdi Tawana Balkh
Abdul Qodus Qate Balkh
Gholam Dastagir Balkh
Hajji Atiqollah Helmand
Dr Eid Mohammad Paktika
Mollah Mohammad Wali Baghlan
Hajji Sayd Azim Nangarhar
Sayd Abdul Ghafar Nangarhar
Hajji Shahzada Nangarhar
Abdul Hadi Herat
Sayd Abdurrahman Herat
Dr Mohammad Usman Kandahar
Abdul Latif Amiri Kandahar
Abdul Kabir Ranjbar Kabul Province
Mowlawi Abdul Wakil Kabul Province
Dr Reza Zaki Kabul Province
Basir Ahmad Sediqi Kabul Province
Alemi Kermani Ghowr
Sayd Mohammad Ali Sadr Representative of Afghan refugees in Islamabad.
Dr Mohammad Akbar Popal Konduz
Habibollah Ghaleb Balkh
Palwasha Hasan Kabul Province
Mah Gol Ahmadi
Kobra Dehqan
Dr Farida Nader Shah Kot
Perdesa
Fereshta Kandahar
Anahita Ada Kolangar, Logar
Fowzia Hotak
Taher Jamal Agha

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Agreement on provisional arrangements in Afghanistan pending the re-establishment of permanent government institutions". United Nations. 2001-12-05. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2009-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b c Kenneth Katzmann (2004-12-28). "Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2012-04-16. After the close of the 2002 emergency loya jirga, the Afghan government began drafting a permanent constitution. A 35-member constitutional commission, appointed in October 2002, presented a draft to Karzai in March 2003, but it was not publicly unveiled until November 2003. It was debated by 502 delegates, selected in U.N.-run caucuses, at a “constitutional loya jirga (CLJ)” during December 13, 2003 until January 4, 2004. 
  3. ^ Zoe Bernadette Sherman (March 2006). "Afghanistan's constitutions: a comparative study and their implications for Afghan democratic development" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. p. 68. Retrieved 2012-04-16. The election that took place produced a body of 19,000 Afghan citizens, elected from all provinces, and organized into an electoral college in order to vote for 408 of the 502 member Constitutional Loya Jirga. The Constitutional Loya Jirga that took place on 14 Decemb 2003 was unlike any of its predecessors. The electoral college subsequently voted for 344 men and 64 women as provincial representatives. President Karzai then appointed 50 men and women of equal proportion. Finally, the remaining 42 people were chosen to represent various minority groups including 24 refugee representatives, 9 nomads, 6 for internally displaced people (IDP), and 3 to represent the Hindu and Sikh minorities. Criticism surrounding the membership of the CLJ and subsequent review process of the constitution included the formation of alliances or factions. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Members of the afghan constitutional loya jirga". 2003-12-23. Archived from the original on 2011-01-25. Retrieved 2011-01-25.