Constitutional Tribunal (Poland)

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Constitutional Tribunal
Trybunał Konstytucyjny
Polish Governmental and Diplomatic Plaque.png
Established

1982-constitutional amendment establishing the Constitutional Tribunal

1986-the beginning of activity
Country Poland
Location Warsaw
Composition method Prime ministerial nomination with Sejm RP confirmation
President and Vice President appointed by President of the Republic
Authorized by Constitution of the Republic of Poland
Judge term length 9 years, only one term
Number of positions 15
Website trybunal.gov.pl
President
Currently Prof. Andrzej Rzepliński
Since 3 December 2010
Vice President
Currently Prof. Stanisław Biernat
Since 3 December 2010
The seat of the Tribunal, Warsaw (2006)
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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The Constitutional Tribunal (Polish: Trybunał Konstytucyjny) is the constitutional court of the Republic of Poland, a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.

The Constitutional Tribunal adjudicates on the compliance with the Constitution of legislation and international agreements (also their ratification), on disputes over the powers of central constitutional bodies, and on compliance with the Constitution of the aims and activities of political parties. It also rules on constitutional complaints.

The Constitutional Tribunal is made up of 15 judges chosen by Sejm RP for nine-year terms. They are fully independent. The Constitutional Tribunal constitutes one of the formal guarantees of a state grounded on the rule of law.

Three judges, appointed by the President of the Tribunal, serve as members of the National Electoral Commission (Act of 5 January 2011 Electoral Code).

Justices and former justices from 2006[edit]

No. Term of office Full name Position
since 6 November 2006 Prof. Maria Gintowt-Jankowicz Term ended on 6 November 2015
since 6 November 2006 Wojciech Hermeliński Term ended on 6 November 2015
since 6 November 2006 Marek Kotlinowski Term ended on 6 November 2015
since 2 December 2006 Prof. Zbigniew Cieślak Term ended on 2 December 2015
since 8 December 2006 Prof. Teresa Liszcz[1] Term ended on 8 December 2015
since 27 April 2007 Prof. Mirosław Granat[2] Term ended on 27 April 2016
1. since 19 December 2007 Prof. Andrzej Rzepliński[3] President of the Tribunal since 3 December 2010
2. since 26 June 2008 Prof. Stanisław Biernat Vice-President of the Tribunal since 3 December 2010
3. since 6 May 2010 Prof. Sławomira Wronkowska-Jaśkiewicz[4]
4. since 3 December 2010 Stanisław Rymar
5. since 3 December 2010 Prof. Piotr Tuleja
6. since 3 December 2010 Prof. Marek Zubik
7. since 5 January 2011 Prof. Małgorzata Pyziak-Szafnicka[5]
8. since 29 May 2011 Prof. Andrzej Wróbel
9. since 23 July 2012 Prof. Leon Kieres
10. since 28 April 2016 Prof. Zbigniew Jędrzejewski

Disputed Justices[edit]

No. Term of Office/Since Full name Comment
11. since 7 November 2015 prof. Roman Hauser
12. since 7 November 2015 dr hab. Krzysztof Ślebzak
13. since 7 November 2015 prof. Andrzej Jakubecki
(7 November 2015) prof. Bronisław Sitek illegaly elected
(7 November 2015) prof. Andrzej Sokala illegaly elected


No. Term of Office/Since Full name Comment
(2 December 2015) prof. Henryk Cioch illegaly elected
(2 December 2015) prof. Lech Morawski illegaly elected
(2 December 2015) dr hab. Mariusz Muszyński illegaly elected
14. since 3 December 2015 Piotr Pszczółkowski
15. since 3 December 2015 Julia Przyłębska

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 29 December 2006
  2. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 8 May 2007
  3. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 14 January 2008
  4. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 17 May 2010
  5. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 11 January 2011

External links[edit]