Constitutional Tribunal (Poland)

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Trybunał Konstytucyjny

Constitutional Tribunal
Polish Governmental and Diplomatic Plaque.png

1982-constitutional amendment establishing the Constitutional Tribunal

1986-the beginning of activity
Country Poland
Location Warsaw
Composition method Prime ministerial nomination with Sejm RP confirmation
Authorized by Constitution of the Republic of Poland
Judge term length 9 years,only one term
Number of positions 15
President of the Tribunal
Currently Prof. Andrzej Rzepliński
Since 3 December 2010
The seat of the Tribunal in Warsaw
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The Trybunał Konstytucyjny (English: Constitutional Tribunal) of the Republic of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions (constitutional court); its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland.

The Constitutional Tribunal adjudicates on the compliance with the Constitution of legislation and international agreements (also their ratification), on disputes over the powers of central constitutional bodies, and on compliance with the Constitution of the aims and activities of political parties. It also rules on constitutional complaints.

The Constitutional Tribunal is made up of 15 judges chosen by Sejm RP for nine-year terms. They are fully independent. The Constitutional Tribunal constitutes one of the formal guarantees of a state grounded on the rule of law.

Three judges, appointed by the President of the Tribunal, serve as members of the National Electoral Commission (Act of 5 January 2011 Electoral Code).

Current justices[edit]

No. Term of office Full name Position
1. since 6 November 2006 Prof. Maria Gintowt-Jankowicz
2. since 6 November 2006 Wojciech Hermeliński
3. since 6 November 2006 Marek Kotlinowski
4. since 2 December 2006 Prof. Zbigniew Cieślak
5. since 8 December 2006 Prof. Teresa Liszcz[1]
6. since 27 April 2007 Prof. Mirosław Granat[2]
7. since 19 December 2007 Prof. Andrzej Rzepliński[3] President of the Tribunal since 3 December 2010
8. since 26 June 2008 Prof. Stanisław Biernat Vice-President of the Tribunal since 3 December 2010
9. since 6 May 2010 Prof. Sławomira Wronkowska-Jaśkiewicz[4]
10. since 3 December 2010 Stanisław Rymar
11. since 3 December 2010 Prof. Piotr Tuleja
12. since 3 December 2010 Prof. Marek Zubik
13. since 5 January 2011 Prof. Małgorzata Pyziak-Szafnicka[5]
14. since 29 May 2011 Prof. Andrzej Wróbel
15. since 23 July 2012 Prof. Leon Kieres

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 29 December 2006
  2. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 8 May 2007
  3. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 14 January 2008
  4. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 17 May 2010
  5. ^ Sworn in as Justice on 11 January 2011

External links[edit]