Constitutional history of Turkey
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|History of Turkey|
The Turkish constitution was ratified in 1921, revised in 1924, 1961, 1982, and most recently in 2010. A proposal for yet another constitution is being discussed, to allow Turkey to comply with EU accession political criteria.
- 1876: Ottoman constitution of 1876, during the First Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire (1876–78).
- 1909: Revisions to the 1876 constitution during the Second Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire (1908–20).
- 1921: 1921 Constitution; first constitution of the Republic of Turkey; introduced a single chamber of legislation, the Grand National Assembly, to form a unicameral system.
- 1924: Revised constitution of 1924.
- 1961: 1961 constitution; introduced an upper chamber of legislation, the Senate, to form a bicameral system.
- 1982: 1982 constitution; abolished the Senate, reverting to a unicameral system.
- 2017: Revisions to the 1982 constitution; introduced a presidential system; abolished the office of Prime Minister.
- Turkish constitutional referendum, 1961
- Turkish constitutional referendum, 1982
- Turkish constitutional referendum, 2007
- Turkish constitutional referendum, 2010
- Turkish constitutional referendum, 2017
- The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (2016-07-15). "Constitution Of The Republic Of Turkey" (PDF). Constitution Of The Republic Of Turkey. The Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Chapter Three, Section I, Article 41, Para 3-4. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- "Draft proposal" (in Turkish). 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Yavuz, Ercan (2008-01-01). "New constitution to dominate 2008". Zaman. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
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