Constitutional review, or constitutionality review or constitutional control, is the evaluation, in some countries, of the constitutionality of the laws. It is supposed to be a system of preventing violation of the rights granted by the constitution, assuring its efficacy, their stability and preservation.
In the countries that have written and rigid constitutions, they (the constitutions) represent the supreme norm of the juridical order, sited on the top of the pyramid of norms. It's named as fundamental law, supreme law, law of the laws, biggest law. That biggest law asks for more difficult and formal procedures for updating than the other juridical norms (named sub-constitutional). Although this is usually characterized as a civil law speciality, some of the concepts here can be inherited from common law countries which have written constitutions; for instance, USA, that, paradoxally, in timeline, was the first to adopt the diffuse review.
History: Marbury v. Madison - the first precedent
- Constitutional review in Germany
- Constitutional Review Commission (Tanzania)
- Judicial interpretation
- Rule of law
- Rule According to Higher Law
- List of constitutional courts
- Mavcic, Arne (2001). The Constitutional Review (PDF).
- Ferejohn, John E. "Judicial Review in Global Context" (PDF). NYU Law. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Study on Individual Access to Constitutional Justice" (PDF). Council of Europe - Venice Commission. Retrieved 6 July 2012.