Constitutionalism in the United States

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Constitutionalism in the United States is a basic value espoused by political parties, activist groups and individuals across a wide range of the political spectrum, that the powers of federal, state and local governments are limited by the Constitution of the United States and that the civil and political rights of citizens should not be violated.[1]

As a political movement, many constitutionalists have expressed concern over provisions of the 2001 USA Patriot Act,[2] civil asset forfeiture laws,[3] mass surveillance,[4] police checkpoints[5] and militarization of police,[6][7] while differing over other issues, such as restrictions on firearms,[8][9] states' rights to determine drug[10] and restroom laws,[11] and federal management of public lands.[12]

Famous U.S. Constitutionalists Declaration of Independence[edit]

Of the United States Constitutional Convention Signed the United States Declaration of Independence
President of Congress John Hancock (Massachusetts Bay)
New Hampshire Josiah Bartlett William Whipple Matthew Thornton
Massachusetts Bay Samuel Adams John Adams Robert Treat Paine Elbridge Gerry
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Stephen Hopkins William Ellery
Connecticut Roger Sherman Samuel Huntington William Williams Oliver Wolcott
New York William Floyd Philip Livingston Francis Lewis Lewis Morris
New Jersey Richard Stockton John Witherspoon Francis Hopkinson John Hart Abraham Clark
Pennsylvania Robert Morris Benjamin Rush Benjamin Franklin John Morton George Clymer James Smith George Taylor James Wilson George Ross
Delaware Caesar Rodney George Read Thomas McKean
Maryland Samuel Chase William Paca Thomas Stone Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Virginia George Wythe Richard Henry Lee Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Harrison Thomas Nelson, Jr. Francis Lightfoot Lee Carter Braxton
North Carolina William Hooper Joseph Hewes John Penn
South Carolina Edward Rutledge Thomas Heyward, Jr. Thomas Lynch, Jr. Arthur Middleton
Georgia Button Gwinnett Lyman Hall George Walton

Famous U.S. Constitutionalists Articles of Confederation[edit]

Of the United States Constitutional Convention Signed the Article Of Confederation

Connecticut Samuel Huntington Roger Sherman Oliver Wolcott Titus Hosmer Andrew Adams

Delaware Thomas McKean John Dickinson Nicholas Van Dyke

Georgia John Walton Edward Telfair Edward Langworthy

Maryland John Hanson Daniel Carroll

Massachusetts John Hancock Samuel Adams Elbridge Gerry Francis Dana James Lovell Samuel Holten

New Hampshire Josiah Bartlett John Wentworth, Jr.

New Jersey John Witherspoon Nathaniel Scudder

New York James Duane Francis Lewis William Duer Gouverneur Morris

North Carolina John Penn Cornelius Harnett John Williams

Pennsylvania Robert Morris Daniel Roberdeau Jonathan Bayard Smith William Clingan Joseph Reed

South Carolina Henry Laurens William Henry Drayton John Mathews Richard Hutson Thomas Heyward, Jr.

Rhode Island William Ellery Henry Marchant John Collins

Virginia Richard Henry LeeJohn Banister Thomas Adams John Harvis Francis Lightfoot Lee

Famous U.S. Constitutionalists U.S. Constitution and Amendments[edit]

Signed the U.S. Constitution and Amendments
Connecticut William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman
Delaware George Read, Gunning Bedford Jr., John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jacob Broom
Georgia William Few, Abraham Baldwin
Maryland James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll
Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King
New Hampshire John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman
New Jersey William Livingston, David Brearley, William Paterson, Jonathan Dayton
New York Alexander Hamilton
North Carolina William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh Williamson
Pennsylvania Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robert Morris, George Clymer, Thomas FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouverneur Morris
South Carolina John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler
Virginia George Washington (President and deputy), John Blair, James Madison Jr.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Constitutionalism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  2. ^ "Conservatives, liberals align against Patriot Act". The Washington Times. June 14, 2005.
  3. ^ Jennifer Rubin (July 20, 2017). "Right and left unite against Jeff Sessions's latest outrage". The Washington Post.
  4. ^ Spencer Ackerman and Sabrina Siddiqui (May 18, 2015). "NSA surveillance opposed by American voters from all parties, poll finds". The Guardian.
  5. ^ "Excerpts From Supreme Court's Decision Upholding Sobriety Checkpoints". New York Times. June 15, 1990.
  6. ^ "War Comes Home: The Excessive Militarization of American Police". ACLU. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  7. ^ Grace Ditzler (November 21, 2016). "Hundreds protest Spokane Co. Sheriff's Office". KXLY.
  8. ^ Nelson Lund and Adam Winkler. "The Second Amendment". National Constitutional Center. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  9. ^ Suzanne Ito (July 1, 2008). "Heller Decision and the Second Amendment". American Civil Liberties Union.
  10. ^ Digby (April 10, 2014). "Tea Party's reefer hypocrisy: Why "states' rights" is a situational sham". Slate.
  11. ^ Dean Reynolds (April 13, 2016). "Who's behind the new LGBT bathroom laws?". CBS News.
  12. ^ "Western states demand feds return public land amid clamor for more drilling". Fox News. March 27, 2012.