Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles

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Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A. (CAF)
Sociedad Anónima
Traded as BMADCAF
Industry Manufacturing
Founded 1917 (Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles)
Headquarters Beasain, Spain
Number of locations
11 factories, including: Beasain, Zaragoza, Irún, Linares (Spain); Hortolandia (Brazil); Huehuetoca (Mexico); Elmira (US)
Key people
Jose María Baztarrica Garijo, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
Products Design, manufacture, maintenance and supply of equipment and components for railway systems
Revenue Increase € 1,45 billion (2014
Increase € 146 million EBITDA (2014)
Increase € 62 million (2014)
Owner Public; Employees via Cartera Social S.A. (30%); Guipúzcoa Donostia Kutxa (23%)
Number of employees
7,000 (inc. subsidiaries)

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (Grupo CAF, literally "Construction & Other Railway Services") is a Spanish publicly-listed company which manufactures railway vehicles and equipment. It is based in Beasain in the Basque Country. Equipment manufactured by Grupo CAF includes light rail vehicles, rapid transit trains, railroad cars and locomotives, as well as variable gauge axles that can be fitted on any existing truck or bogie.

Over the 20 years from the early 1990s, CAF benefitted from the rail investment boom in its home market in Spain to become a world player with a broad technical capability, able to manufacture almost any type of rail vehicle.[1] CAF has supplied railway rolling stock to a number of major urban transit operators around Europe, the US, South America, East Asia, India and North Africa.


Bucharest Metro trains, built between 2013 and 2014

CAF was an acronym for the earlier name of Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, as well as for Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles.

Fábrica de Hierros San Martín[edit]

In 1860 Domingo Goitia, Martín Usabiaga and José Francisco Arana established this company, whose main activity was puddling furnaces and cylinder rolling.

La Maquinista Guipuzcoana[edit]

In 1892 Francisco de Goitia (Domingo Goitia's son and heir) joined the Marquis of Urquijo to set up La Maquinista Guipuzcoana, whose main activity was the operation of machinery and the forging and construction of railway rolling stock.

In 1898 it set up its plant in Beasain, Gipuzkoa. In 1905 it changed its name to Fábrica de Vagones de Beasain (FVB).

Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles[edit]

Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) was founded in 1917, specializing in freight car production and with a total of 1,600 employees.

In 1940 the Irun factory was set up, following the expansion of activity after the Spanish Civil War (CAF took part in reconstructing the Spanish rail fleet).

In 1954 CAF took over Material Móvil y Construcciones (MMC) from Zaragoza (Aragon), a company with extensive experience in manufacturing long-distance and subway trains.

Since 1958 the company has modernized and enlarged its Beasain plant and expanded its activity to include all kinds of rolling stock. In line with this, in 1969 CAF created its Research and Development Unit, which increased the company's competitiveness and intensified the focus on in-house technology.

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles[edit]

In 1971 the existing Compañía Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) merged with Material Móvil y Construcciones (MMC) and the company adopted its current name Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles.


CAF USA, a wholly owned subsidiary of CAF, was incorporated in 1998[2] and is based in Elmira, New York. It manufactures rolling stock for the North American market at a plant in Elmira that the company established in 2000.[3]

Rolling stock[edit]

Spanish trains[edit]

For RENFE, the following high speed rail EMUs were built:

and the following regional trains:

  • Class 598
  • Class 594
  • Class 449
  • Class 599
  • Class 440
  • Class 444

Suburban trains:

  • Civia 462/463/464/465
  • Class 446/447


For Mallorca, the Fesur Hybrid locomotive Bitrac 3600 was developed.


  • locomotive Class 1900
  • DMU Class 2600
  • DMU Class 2700
  • DMU Class 2900

For Euskotren:

  • UT200
  • UT300
  • UT900
  • UT3500
  • Euskotren XXI

Spanish metro and tram[edit]

For Madrid:

  • Class 300
  • Class 1000
  • Class 2000
  • Class 3000
  • Class 5000
  • Class 6000
  • Class 8000
  • Class 8400

For Barcelona:

Class 5000
  • Class 1000
  • Class 2000
  • Class 3000
  • Class 4000
  • Class 5000
  • Class 6000
  • Class S/2100
  • Class S/300


  • Urbos 1 (Tranvía de Bilbao)
  • Urbos 2 (Tranvía de Vélez-Málaga, Tranvía de Vitoria and Metro de Sevilla).
  • Urbos 3 (Metrocentro de Sevilla, Tranvía de Zaragoza, Metropolitano de Granada, Metro de Málaga and Tranvía Metropolitano de la Bahía de Cádiz).

Outside Spain: trains[edit]

Algiers Metro
Tren de la Costa unit acquired in 1995

Outside Spain: metros and trams[edit]

Brussels Metro new unit built by CAF
Rome metro
Caracas metro
Budapest tram Line 1, the longest passenger tram in the world
CAF 5000 on Line B of the Buenos Aires Underground

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hondius, Dr Harry. "IN FOCUS : CAF, A versatile enterprise that keeps expanding". Railway Gazette International. 168, No. 4 (April 2012). 
  2. ^ "Building on a century of progress and success [company history]". CAF USA. Retrieved May 15, 2018. 
  3. ^ Jamieson, R. (March 24, 2015). "CAF USA keeps Elmira area's rail heritage rolling". Star-Gazette. Elmira, New York. Retrieved May 15, 2018. 
  4. ^ CAF project page on MÁV
  5. ^ Treinfabrikant CAF wint aanbesteding voor 120 nieuwe Sprinters (SNG), 30 October 2014.
  6. ^ "More new trains for the North and Scotland". TransPennine Express. TransPennine Express. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  7. ^ CAF project page on Debrecen
  8. ^ CAF project page on Budapest
  9. ^ "Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, we create railway solutions ::". CAF. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 

External links[edit]