Consumer Court

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Consumer Court is a special purpose court in India. It primarily deals with consumer-related disputes, conflicts, and grievances. The court holds hearings to adjudicate these disputes.

When consumers file a case, the court primarily looks to see if they can prove the exploitation through evidence such as bills or purchase memos. In cases where no such evidence is presented, courts rarely rule in favor of the plaintiff.

Rights provided by consumer courts[edit]

The rights provided by the Court are listed below:[1]

  • Right to Safety: The right to be protected from all types of hazardous goods and services.
  • Right to Information: The right to be fully informed about the performance and quality of all goods and services.
  • Right to Choose: The right to freely choose goods and services.
  • Right to be Heard: The right to be heard in all decision-making processes related to consumer interest.
  • Right to Redressal: The right to seek compensation, whenever consumer rights have been infringed.
  • Right to Consumer Education: The right to complete consumer education.

List of consumer courts[edit]

  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC): A court that operates nationally and deals with cases where claimed compensation exceeds one crore (₹10 million). The National Commission is the apex body of Consumer Courts; it is also the highest appellate court in the hierarchy. The NCDRC is the highest judiciary of the consumer court, the consumer Supreme Court of India.
  • State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (SCDRC): A court that works at the state level in cases where compensation claimed is between twenty lakh (₹2 million) and one crore. The State Commission has appellate jurisdiction over the District Forum.
  • District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum (DCDRF): A court that works at the district level in cases where the claimed compensation is below twenty lakh.[2]

Process to file a complaint[edit]

To file a complaint, a consumer obtains a copy of the Consumer Protection Act. The format for filing a complaint is simple, with guidelines provided for reference. It is advisable to describe the facts and support the claim with comprehensive documentation.

• The consumer must attach photocopied documents (evidence and references) in the complaint file.

• A signed Vakalatnama should be attached with the documents. This authorises a lawyer to represent the case in the Consumer Court.


The consumer movement as a social force originated in the 1960s with the mission of protecting and promoting the interests of consumers against unethical and unfair trade practices. Rampant food shortages, hoarding, black marketing, adulteration of food and edible oil gave birth to the consumer movement.

In 1986 the movement led the Indian government to enact the Consumer Protection Act of 1986 (COPRA).[3]


The main function of the consumer court is to offer redress to consumers and to maintain seller's orientation toward fairly treating the consumer. Approaching a consumer court is cheap as plaintiffs can represent themselves without a lawyer and are only required to pay a nominal fee.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "World Consumer Rights Day: Six consumer rights every Indian must know!". 15 March 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  2. ^ "DCDRF, Raigad". Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b "CONSUMER PROTECTION AND NATIONAL CONSUMER DISPUTES REDRESSAL COMMISSION". NCDRC. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2012.