Consumers' Checkbook

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Consumers' Checkbook
Checkbook Cover 2011.jpg
Consumers' CHECKBOOK cover Fall 2011/ Winter 2012
Executive EditorKevin Brasler
CategoriesConsumer advocacy
PublisherCenter for the Study of Services
FounderRobert Krughoff
Year founded1974 (1974)
First issue1976
CountryUnited States
Based inWashington, D.C.

Consumers' Checkbook/Center for the Study of Services (stylized as Consumers’ CHECKBOOK) is an independent, nonprofit consumer organization. It was founded in 1974[1] in order to provide survey information to consumers about vendors and service providers. There are both print and online versions in the Boston, Chicago, Delaware Valley, Puget Sound, San Francisco/Oakland/San Jose, Twin Cities, and Washington, D.C., areas.

Company overview[edit]

Consumers' Checkbook and Center for the Study of Services were founded by company President Robert Krughoff after he had a bad auto repair experience. In response he founded the publication as a not-for-profit venue for rating professionals in fields including mechanics and plumbers. Over time the publication came to also review other professions and services, like physicians.[2] As a part of the intention to provide unbiased information the publication does not carry advertising, but does charge a subscription fee.[3]

The first issue of Consumers' Checkbook came out in 1974.[4] The ratings are based on items including surveys of consumers, reports from undercover shoppers, expert surveys, the number of consumer agency complaints against a company or service provider, and an analysis of publicly available databases. The first publication only covered the Washington DC area. In 1982, its first magazine for another city began, focusing on the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2003 the company expanded to include publications for Seattle-Tacoma, the Twin Cities, Chicago, the Delaware Valley, and Boston.[5]


Consumers' Checkbook publishes an annual Guide to Health Plans for Federal Employees, a health insurance plan cost and quality comparison resource,[6] first publishing the work in 1979. The book is published in paper form, and in 2000 its contents were moved online to[5][7] Between 1985 and 2004 the company published Bargains, a publication that focused on price comparisons between retailers in both Washington DC and San Francisco. Between 1988 and 1998, they also published DC and San Francisco versions of a Checkbook Guide to Area Restaurants. In 1994 they began publishing the Consumer's Guide to Health Plans. The company also publishes the Consumers’ Guide to Top Doctors, providing a list of recommended specialists in the 53 largest metro areas of the U.S. as well as the Consumers' Guide to Hospitals, providing ratings for about 4,500 U.S. acute-care hospitals, which it first published in 1988. The Guide to Top Doctors was first published in 1999.[5]

The company also runs the website[8] Between 2007 and 2009, the company published “a demonstration project surveying patients about their experience of care with their doctors using the Clinician/Group CAHPS Survey instrument developed by the US Agency for Health Care Research and Quality,” according to Robert Mayer.[5] Checkbook founded Patient Central in 2009, which ranks doctors in Denver-Boulder, Memphis, Kansas City, and New York (Manhattan).[9] It also releases industry specific and city specific surveys of price differences, such as the differences between grocery stores.[10][11] Checkbook also created the MNsure price comparison site.[12]

Medicare claims data and lawsuit[edit]

In 2006, under the Freedom of Information Act, Consumers' Checkbook sued the United States Department of Health and Human Services for records of claims filed by physicians under Medicare. Checkbook intended to use these claims to report the volume of experience each doctor had with various high-risk procedures.[13] HHS held the belief that the release of such data enabled the user to identify individual physicians, and therefore was prohibited from doing so. Checkbook won the case in the Federal District Court, but the ruling was reversed in the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court declined to take the case.[14] The data was ultimately released in 2014 and has been published by Checkbook and ProPublica.[15]

Car Bargains[edit]

Since 1990, Consumers' Checkbook has also operated the car-buying and -leasing services, CarBargains and LeaseWise. The service pursues bids on the selected car model from five local dealers, asking them to compete against one another.[16] That same year Checkbook began publishing the biannual publications CarDeals, a newsletter comparing car prices and financing options.[5]


Checkbook has won the National Press Club's First Place Award for Excellence in Consumer Journalism, and in 2000 was honored, with the Esther Peterson Consumer Service Award.[17] The company has also received first place in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Plan Choice Challenge.[18]


  1. ^ CHECKBOOK About Us
  2. ^ David Kestenbaum, "New Web Site Lets Patients Rate Their Doctors", NPR, August 14, 2009
  3. ^ Annys Shin, "30 Years of Obsessive Consumerism", Washington Post, Dec 18, 2006
  4. ^ Karp, Gregory (16 March 2009). The 1-2-3 Money Plan. ISBN 9780137013869.
  5. ^ a b c d e Brobeck, Stephen; Mayer, Robert N. (20 July 2015). Watchdogs and Whistleblowers: A Reference Guide to Consumer Activism. ISBN 9781440830006.
  6. ^ "How to Save Money On Your Federal Health Insurance".
  7. ^ "Computerworld". 16 April 1984.
  8. ^ Lena H. Sun (20 July 2015). "You need surgery. So how do you find the right doctor?". Washington Post.
  9. ^ "New Web Site Lets Patients Rate Their Doctors". 14 August 2009.
  10. ^ "Consumers' CHECKBOOK Shops Around for Best Grocery Prices, Quality". NBC4 Washington.
  11. ^ "Executive editor for Bay Area Consumers' Checkbook says stores like Sears, Kohl's are trying to mislead customers -". ABC7 San Francisco.
  12. ^ "MNsure site touts comparison shopping tool that looks beyond premiums". Star Tribune.
  13. ^ Theo Francis, "Court Orders Medicare to Release Doctor Data for Ratings", The Wall Street Journal, August 24, 2007
  14. ^ Ricardo Alonzo-Zaldivar, "Appeals court rejects disclosure of Medicare data", FOX News, February 2, 2009
  15. ^ "AHCJ | FOI: CMS announces it will release data on Medicare payments to physicians". Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  16. ^ Jessica L. Anderson, "How to Use a Car-Buying Service to Find Deals on New Cars", Kiplinger, November 2011
  17. ^ Consumer Federation of America Presents Annual Consumer Service AwardsConsumer Federation of America, June 14th, 2000
  18. ^ "Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Plan Choice Challenge". The Health 2.0 Developer Challenge. Archived from the original on 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2016-05-09.

External links[edit]