65th cabinet of Italy
|Date formed||1 June 2018|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Sergio Mattarella|
|Head of government||Giuseppe Conte|
|Deputy head of government||
Luigi Di Maio|
|No. of ministers||19|
|Total no. of ministers||19|
Five Star Movement (8)|
|Status in legislature||Coalition government|
Brothers of Italy
Free and Equal
|Legislature term(s)||XVIII Legislature (2018–2023)|
|Incoming formation||2018 government formation|
Formed by the Five Star Movement, the League and some independents proposed by each party, the cabinet is also referred to as "Government of Change" (Italian: governo del cambiamento) after the political agreement signed by the two parties, "populist government" (the first of that kind in Europe according to several sources) or "yellow-green government" (governo gialloverde) based on their customary colours, while the League uses to call it "yellow-blue government" (governo gialloblù), due to the League's campaign official colour. The government, and more specifically the League, have been described by Italian newspapers as "souverainist".
- 1 Supporting parties
- 2 Background and formation
- 3 Investiture votes
- 4 Party breakdown
- 5 Geographical breakdown
- 6 Composition
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The government is supported and most of its members are provided by the two following parties.
|Five Star Movement (M5S)||Big tent||Populism, Direct democracy||Luigi Di Maio|
|League (L)||Right-wing||Populism, Federalism||Matteo Salvini|
At its birth, the government was also supported by the Associative Movement Italians Abroad (MAIE), five deputies and two senators previously expelled from the M5S, one dissident senator from the South American Union Italian Emigrants (USEI) who later joined the MAIE and one deputy of Forza Italia (FI) who sarcastically voted in favour of it. Ricardo Merlo, the leader of MAIE, was also named Undersecretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 12 June 2018. The government is also supported by the National Movement for Sovereignity, the Sardinian Action Party and the Italian Liberal Party (whose senators sit in the League group).
Brothers of Italy (FdI), the parties representing liguistic minorities (Valdostan Union, South Tyrolean People's Party and Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party) and one deputy from USEI announced that they were willing to vote for measures that reflect their respective ideologies.
Background and formation
The March 2018 general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Five Star Movement (M5S) led by Luigi Di Maio as the party with the largest number of votes and of parliamentary seats while the centre-right alliance in which Matteo Salvini's League emerged as the main political force won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate. The centre-left coalition, built around the Democratic Party (PD) led by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, came third.
On 9 May, after weeks of political deadlock and the failure of various attempts of forming a cabinet, including M5S–Centre-right and M5S–PD, Di Maio and Salvini officially requested President Sergio Mattarella to give them 24 more hours to strike a government agreement between their two parties. In the evening, Silvio Berlusconi publicly announced that Forza Italia would not support a M5S–League government on a vote of confidence, but it would still maintain the centre-right alliance nonetheless, thus opening the doors to a possible majority government between the two parties.
On 13 May, the M5S and the League reached an agreement in principle on a government program, but they could not find an agreement regarding the Prime Minister and the ministers. M5S and League leaders met with President Mattarella on 14 May and asked for an additional week of negotiations. Both parties announced they would ask their respective members to vote on the government agreement by the weekend.
On 21 May, private law professor and M5S advisor Giuseppe Conte was proposed by Di Maio and Salvini for Prime Minister. Despite reports in the media suggesting that President Mattarella had significant reservations about the direction of the new government, Conte was invited at the Quirinal Palace to receive the presidential mandate to form a new cabinet on May 23. In his statement after the appointment, Conte said that he would be the "defender of Italian people". The next day, Conte held talks with all the parliamentary parties, but the government formation was soon stuck on Paolo Savona as Minister of Economy and Finances, unfavoured by President Mattarella, considering his alleged support for Italy's covert exit from the Euro as an overwhelming risk for the country's economy. On 27 May, President Mattarella refused to appoint Savona and Conte renounced his task after days of negotiation and an ultimatum by the two party leaders on Savona.
On 28 May, President Mattarella summoned Carlo Cottarelli (a former director of the International Monetary Fund) on 28 May and gave him the task to form a new government. On the same day, the PD announced that it would abstain from voting the confidence to Cottarelli while the M5S, the League, FI and the Brothers of Italy (FdI) would vote against. Cottarelli was expected to submit his list of ministers for approval to President Mattarella on 29 May. However, he held only informal consultations with the President on 29 May and 30 May, waiting for the formation of a "political government". Meanwhile, Di Maio and Salvini announced their willingness to restart negotiations to form a "political" government and Giorgia Meloni (FdI leader) gave her support.
On 31 May, the M5S and the League announced their new agreement on a Conte-led government with Giovanni Tria as Minister of Economy and Finances and Savona as Minister of European Affairs. Subsequently, President Mattarella summoned Conte, who announced the list of ministers. On 1 June, Prime Minister Conte and his ministers took their oaths of office and were sworn in. On June 5, the Italian Senate approved the new government in a vote of confidence. On June 6, the government was confirmed following a second vote of confidence, this time in the Chamber of Deputies.
On 12 June, the cabinet appointed 6 deputy ministers and 39 undersecretaries. Of all these appointments, 25 were M5S members, 17 Leghisti, two non-party independents and one member of the Associative Movement Italians Abroad. The M5S received four deputy ministers while the League received two.
On 5 June 2018, the Conte Cabinet was granted the confidence of the Senate by receiving 171 votes in favor and 117 votes against (25 senators abstained; 7 senators did not vote, among which 6 were absent). Senators for life Elena Cattaneo, Mario Monti and Liliana Segre abstained while senators for life Carlo Rubbia, Renzo Piano and Giorgio Napolitano did not vote. On 6 June 2018, the so-called Government of Change received the confidence of the Chamber of Deputies by receiving 350 votes in favor and 236 votes against (35 deputies abstained; 8 deputies did not vote, among which 5 were absent).
Investiture votes for Conte Cabinet
|House of Parliament||Vote||Parties||Votes|
|Senate of the Republic||Yes||M5S (109), League (58), MAIE (2), Independents (2)|
171 / 313
|No||FI (57), PD (52), LeU (4), AUT. (2), PSI (1), +E (1)|
117 / 313
|Abstension||FdI (18), AUT. (5), Independents (2)|
25 / 313
|Chamber of Deputies||Yes||M5S (220), League (123), MAIE (6), FI (1)|
350 / 621
|No||PD (111), FI (104), LeU (14), CP–AP–PSI–AC (4), NcI (3), +E–CD (3)|
236 / 621
|Abstension||FdI (30), SVP-PATT (4), USEI (1)|
35 / 621
Ministers and other members
- Five Star Movement (M5S): 8 ministers, 4 deputy ministers, 21 undersecretaries
- League (LN): 5 ministers, 3 deputy ministers, 15 undersecretaries
- Associative Movement Italians Abroad: 1 undersecretary
- Independents: 6 ministers (including Conte), 2 undersecretaries
- Northern Italy: 9 ministers
- Central Italy: 2 ministers
- Lazio: 2 ministers
- Southern and Insular Italy: 8 ministers (including Conte)
- Proposed by the Five Star Movement.
- Replacing in the second selection the original candidate, Luca Giansanti (independent).
- Chosen after the original candidate, Paolo Savona, was rejected by the President.
- Proposed by the League.
- Replacing in the second selection the original candidate, Mauro Coltorti (M5S).
Deputy Prime Ministers
Secretary of the Council
- "Giuseppe Conte approved for Italian Prime Minister".
- "Italy: Conte to lead 'government of change'". ANSAmed. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "M5S and League agree contract for Italy's 'government of change'". The Local. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "IItaly's New Government Is Steve Bannon's Dream Come True". Newsweek. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "Il governo è giallo-blu (non giallo-verde) e 'legastellato'. Ora è ufficiale".
- "La Lega sovranista di Salvini non è quella federalista e liberista di Miglio". Il Foglio. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Si rafforzano i numeri di Conte al Senato, tocca quota 171 sì".
- "Sgarbi vota la fiducia a Conte".
- "Meloni: «Astensione sulla fiducia, ma voteremo i provvedimenti buoni»".
- "Governo Conte, i numeri dei voti di fiducia: la maggioranza senza pensieri (anche grazie a ex M5s e sudamericani)".
- Sala, Alessandro. "Elezioni 2018: M5S primo partito, nel centrodestra la Lega supera FI". Corriere della Sera (in Italian).
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- "Italy's populist parties given 24 hours to avert fresh elections". Financial Times. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Governo M5S-Lega, Berlusconi: nessun veto all'intesa ma no alla fiducia". La Repubblica (in Italian). GEDI Gruppo Editoriale. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Italy's populist 5 Star, League parties reach deal on government program". MarketWatch. 13 May 2018.
- "Giuseppe Conte, un giurista per governo del cambiamento. Di Maio: Premier sarà un amico del popolo". RAInews (in Italian). 21 May 2018.
- "M5s e Lega da Mattarella. Di Maio: "Conte premier di governo politico". Salvini: "Interesse italiani al centro"" [M5s & Mattarella of Lega, Di Maio said 'Conte will be prime minister of a political government]. La Repubblica (in Italian). GEDI Gruppo Editoriale. 21 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Chi è Giuseppe Conte, scelto da Luigi Di Maio per la possibile squadra di governo".
- "Italy populist government pact: Candidate for prime minister named".
- "Italian president in talks as populist parties put forward novice for PM".
- "Italy's Populists Move Closer to Power, With Little-Known Pick for Prime Minister".
- "The Latest: Populists' premier gets presidential mandate".
- "Conte giunto al Quirinale per l'incarico".
- "Governo, Mattarella conferisce a Conte l'incarico: "Sarò l'avvocato difensore degli italiani".
- "Italy president under pressure to accept euroskeptic minister". CNBC. 27 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
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- "Dichiarazione del Presidente della Repubblica Sergio Mattarella al termine del colloquio con il professor Giuseppe Conte".
- "Governo, Conte rimette l'incarico. M5S: "Il Colle ha posto veto su Savona". Il leader leghista: "Torniamo al voto".
- "Governo, Carlo Cottarelli convocato al Colle lunedì mattina" (in Italian). TGCom. 27 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
- "Cottarelli accetta l'incarico: "Senza fiducia il Paese al voto dopo agosto"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
- "Berlusconi: "No alla fiducia e centrodestra unito al voto". Ma Salvini: "Alleanza con Fi? Ci penserò"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 28 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Pd, Martina: "Fiducia a Cottarelli". Renzi: "Salviamo il Paese". E i dem: manifestazione nazionale a Roma il 1° giugno". la Repubblica. (in Italian). 28 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Online, Redazione. "Incontro informale in corso tra Cottarelli e MattarellaI tre scenari possibili". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Governo, Cottarelli vede Mattarella. Ora al lavoro alla Camera. Riparte la trattativa giallo-verde". la Repubblica (in Italian). 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Di Maio: "Impeachment non più sul tavolo". E si riapre l'ipotesi di un governo Lega-M5s". la Repubblica (in Italian). 29 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Lega-5Stelle, intesa sui ministri. Di Maio-Salvini: "Ci sono le condizioni per un governo politico". Tria all'Economia".
- "Nasce il governo Conte. Presentata a Mattarella la lista dei ministri. Di Maio e Salvini vicepremier". RaiNews (in Italian). 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
- "Italy swears in first fully populist government".
- "Italy's new government wins first confidence vote in Senate".
- "Italy's New Government Wins Confidence Vote in Chamber of Deputies".
- "Governo, sei viceministri e 39 sottosegretari: ecco i nomi". la Repubblica (in Italian). 12 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
- "Governo Conte: Castelli (M5S) e Garavaglia (Lega) vice di Tria al Mef. In tutto 39 sottosegretari e 6 viceministri".
- "Giurano i sottosegretari. Ora il governo è al completo (11 donne su 65)".
- "Governo Conte, le nomine di 39 sottosegretari e 6 viceministri".
- "La squadra di governo è completa: tutte le nomine fatte da Lega e M5s".
- "Lega-M5S: Di Maio si tiene le telecomunicazioni".
- "Resoconto stenografico della seduta n. 009 del 05/06/2018 (Definitivo)". Senato della Repubblica Italiana (in Italian). 5 June 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Resoconto stenografico dell'Assemblea Seduta n. 12 di mercoledì 6 giugno 2018 (Definitivo)". Camera dei Deputati (in Italian). 6 June 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.