Conte II Cabinet

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Conte II Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
66th Cabinet of Italy
Incumbent
Giuseppe Conte Quirinale (cropped).jpg
Date formed5 September 2019 (14 months ago) (2019-09-05)
People and organisations
Head of stateSergio Mattarella
Head of governmentGiuseppe Conte
No. of ministers23 (incl. Prime Minister)
Ministers removed1 resigned
Total no. of members24
Member partiesM5S, PD, LeU (Art.1SI),
IV (since 18 September 2019)
Status in legislatureCoalition government
Opposition partiesLega, FI, FdI
History
Election(s)2018 election
Legislature term(s)XVIII Legislature (2018–present)
Incoming formation2019 government formation
PredecessorConte I Cabinet

The Conte II Cabinet is the 66th cabinet of the Italian Republic and the second cabinet led by Giuseppe Conte.[1][2][3] The government was sworn in on 5 September 2019.[4]

The cabinet is supported by the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) and the centre-left Democratic Party (PD), along with the leftist parliamentary group Free and Equal (LeU) and, since 17 September, the centrist party Italia Viva (IV), which splintered from the PD on that day. The government has been referred to as the "yellow-red government" (governo giallorosso), based on the customary colours of the main supporting parties.[5][6]

The Conte II Cabinet is the one with the lowest average age of its members in the history of the Italian Republic.[7]

Supporting parties[edit]

Beginning of term[edit]

At the time of the government formation, its ministers and other members were part of the following three parties.

Party Position Main ideology Leader
Five Star Movement (M5S) Big tent Populism Luigi Di Maio
Democratic Party (PD) Centre-left Social democracy Nicola Zingaretti
Free and Equal (LeU)[a] Left-wing Democratic socialism Several leaders
  1. ^ Political alliance between Article One (led by Roberto Speranza) and Italian Left (led by Claudio Grassi).

The government also obtained the support of the Associative Movement Italians Abroad (MAIE), and one of its senators, Ricardo Merlo, was appointed as undersecretary in the cabinet.[8] The government received also the external support of the following minor parties: Popular Civic List (CP), the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), Italy in Common (IiC), the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP) and the Trentino Tyrolean Autonomist Party (PATT).[9][10]

Current[edit]

Currently, the government ministers and other members are from the following four parties.

Party Position Main ideology Leader
Five Star Movement (M5S) Big tent Populism Vito Crimi (acting)
Democratic Party (PD) Centre-left Social democracy Nicola Zingaretti
Italia Viva (IV) Centre Liberalism Matteo Renzi
Free and Equal (LeU)[a] Left-wing Democratic socialism Several leaders
  1. ^ Political alliance between Article One (led by Roberto Speranza) and Italian Left (led by Claudio Grassi).

On 17 September, former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi led a breakaway group outside the PD and formed Italia Viva, which confirmed its support to the government.[11]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Conte with President Sergio Mattarella at the Quirinal Palace in August 2019

After the 2018 general election the Five Star Movement (M5S), which had come first in the election, and the League agreed to form a coalition government led by Giuseppe Conte, the Conte I Cabinet.

In August 2019, Matteo Salvini, Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the League, announced a motion of no confidence against the government, after growing tensions within the majority. Salvini's move came right after a vote in the Senate regarding the progress of the Turin–Lyon high-speed railway, in which the League, along with the largest opposition parties, voted against an attempt of the M5S to block the construction works.[12] Many political analysts believe the no confidence motion was an attempt to force early elections to improve his party's standing in Parliament, due to its increasing support in opinion polls, ensuring Salvini could become the next Prime Minister.[13] On 20 August, following the parliamentary debate in which Conte harshly accused Salvini of being a political opportunist who "had triggered the political crisis only to serve his personal interest",[14] the Prime Minister tendered his resignation to President Sergio Mattarella.[15]

Government formation[edit]

On 21 August, Mattarella started consultations with parliamentary groups. On the same day, the national board of the Democratic Party (PD) officially and unanimously opened to the prospect of a cabinet with the M5S,[14] based on pro-Europeanism, green economy, sustainable development, fight against economic inequality and a new immigration policy.[16] However, the talks resulted in a unclear outcome, the President announced a second round of consultations starting on 27 August.[17]

Negotiations between PD and M5S started,[18] while Free and Equal (LeU), a left-wing parliamentary group, announced its support too.[19] On 28 August, PD's leader Nicola Zingaretti announced at the Quirinal Palace his favourable position on forming a new government with the Five Stars with Conte at its head.[20] On same day, Mattarella summoned Conte to the Quirinal Palace for 29 August to give him the task of forming a new cabinet.[21] On 3 September, M5S members voted through the so-called "Rousseau Platform" in favor of an agreement with the PD, with Conte Prime Minister, with more than 79% of the vote out of nearly 80,000 voters.[22]

The government at the Quirinal Palace for the oath

On 4 September Conte announced the ministers of this new cabinet, which was sworn in on the following day.[23] At its start, the government was composed of 21 ministers, 14 men and 7 women, a majority of whom are from Southern Italy.[24][25]

Investiture votes[edit]

On 9 September 2019 the Chamber of Deputies approved the government with 343 votes in favour, 263 against and 3 abstentions.[26][27] On the following day the Senate followed suit, with 169 in favour, 133 against and 5 abstentions.[28][29]

9–10 September 2019
Investiture votes for Conte II Cabinet
House of Parliament Vote Parties Votes
Chamber of Deputies
(Voting: 609[a] of 630,
Majority: 304)
checkY Yes M5S (208), PD (109), LeU (14), CPAPPSIAC (4), +EuCD (3), Others (5)
343 / 609
☒N No Lega (121), FI (95), FdI (33), NcIUSEI (4), Others (10)
263 / 609
Abstention SVPPATT (3)
3 / 609
Senate of the Republic
(Voting: 307[b] of 321,
Majority: 152)
checkY Yes M5S (104), PD (49), Aut (4), LeU (4), Others (8)
169 / 307
☒N No Lega (57), FI (56), FdI (18), +Eu (1), Others (1)
133 / 307
Abstention Aut (3), M5S (1), PD (1)
5 / 307
  1. ^ Absent (16): FI (4), Lega (3), M5S (3), PD (2), FdI (1), Others (3)
    On institutional leave (4): M5S (4)
  2. ^ Absent (8): FI (5), M5S (1), Others (2)
    On institutional leave (5): M5S (1), PD (1), Lega (1), Aut (1), Others (1)
    President (1)

Italia Viva and M5S crises[edit]

In September 2019 former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi lead a split from the PD, and formed a party called Italia Viva. The new party had two ministers (Teresa Bellanova and Elena Bonetti) and one undersecretary, and kept its support for the Conte II government.[30]

In December 2019 the Minister of Education and Research, Lorenzo Fioramonti, resigned after disagreements with the rest of the cabinet regarding the recently approved 2020 budget bill. Fioramonti considered the share of funds dedicated to education and research to be insufficient.[31] For the designation of the new Minister, Prime Minister Conte decided to split the Ministry of Education, University and Research into two. The Ministry of Public Education went to the former undersecretary Lucia Azzolina (M5S), whereas the Ministry of University and Research went to the dean of the University of Naples Federico II, Gaetano Manfredi (Ind).[32]

In January 2020, the Five Star Movement suffered multiple parliamentary defections and a sizeable decrease in popularity with respect to the 2018 elections.[33] Luigi Di Maio resigned from his position as M5S political leader, retaining his position as foreign minister.[34]

Coronavirus outbreak[edit]

In February 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to northern Italian regions. In a few weeks, it spread to the rest of the country, with major concentration of cases in the regions of Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont and Veneto. The government faced the subsequent health crisis by imposing gradually stricter measures of social distancing and quarantine, until finally on 9 March established a nationwide lockdown, restricting the movement of people except for reasons of necessity, health, or work.[35][36]

Party breakdown[edit]

Beginning of term[edit]

Ministers[edit]

9
9
1
3

Ministers and other members[edit]

Current[edit]

Ministers[edit]

9
7
2
1
4

Ministers and other members[edit]

Geographical breakdown[edit]

Beginning of term[edit]

A choropleth map showing the number of ministers from each region.

Current[edit]

Council of Ministers[edit]

The Council of Ministers is composed of the following members:[37][1][2]

Office Name Party Term
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte Independent[a] 2019–present
Minister of Foreign Affairs Luigi Di Maio Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of the Interior Luciana Lamorgese Independent 2019–present
Minister of Justice Alfonso Bonafede Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Defence Lorenzo Guerini Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Economy and Finance Roberto Gualtieri Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Economic Development Stefano Patuanelli Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Agriculture Teresa Bellanova Democratic Party / Italia Viva 2019–present
Minister of the Environment Sergio Costa Independent[a] 2019–present
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport Paola De Micheli Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Labour and Social Policies Nunzia Catalfo Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Education, University and Research Lorenzo Fioramonti Five Star Movement 2019
Lucia Azzolina (Public Education) Five Star Movement 2020–present
Gaetano Manfredi (University and Research) Independent 2020–present
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities Dario Franceschini Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister of Health Roberto Speranza Free and Equal (Art.1) 2019–present
Minister for Parliamentary Relations Federico D'Incà Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Public Administration Fabiana Dadone Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister of Regional Affairs Francesco Boccia Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for the South Giuseppe Provenzano Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities Elena Bonetti Democratic Party / Italia Viva 2019–present
Minister of European Affairs Vincenzo Amendola Democratic Party 2019–present
Minister for Sport and Youth Policies Vincenzo Spadafora Five Star Movement 2019–present
Minister for Technological Innovation Paola Pisano Five Star Movement 2019–present
Secretary of the Council of Ministers Riccardo Fraccaro Five Star Movement 2019–present
  1. ^ a b Proposed by the Five Star Movement.

Composition of the Government[edit]

Portrait Office Name Term Party Deputy Ministers
Undersecretaries
Giuseppe Conte 2019 Official.jpg
Prime Minister
Giuseppe Conte
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Undersecretaries:
Riccardo Fraccaro (M5S)
Mario Turco (M5S)
Andrea Martella (PD)
Luigi Di Maio 2019 Official.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Luigi Di Maio
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Ministers:
Emanuela Del Re (M5S)
Marina Sereni (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Manlio Di Stefano (M5S)
Ivan Scalfarotto (IV)
Ricardo Merlo (MAIE)
Luciana Lamorgese crop.jpg
Minister of the Interior
Luciana Lamorgese
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Deputy Ministers:
Vito Crimi (M5S)
Matteo Mauri (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Carlo Sibilia (M5S)
Achille Variati (PD)
Alfonso Bonafede 2019.jpg
Minister of Justice
Alfonso Bonafede
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Vittorio Ferraresi (M5S)
Andrea Giorgis (PD)
Lorenzo Guerini 2019 Official.jpg
Minister of Defence
Lorenzo Guerini
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Angelo Tofalo (M5S)
Giulio Calvisi (PD)
Roberto Gualtieri 2019.jpg
Minister of Economy and Finance
Roberto Gualtieri
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Deputy Ministers:
Laura Castelli (M5S)
Antonio Misiani (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Alessio Villarosa (M5S)
Pierpaolo Baretta (PD)
Maria Cecilia Guerra (LeU/Art.1)
Stefano Patuanelli 2019.jpg
Minister of Economic Development
Stefano Patuanelli
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister:
Stefano Buffagni (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Alessandra Todde (M5S)
Mirella Liuzzi (M5S)
Gian Paolo Manzella (PD)
Alessia Morani (PD)
Teresa Bellanova 2109.jpg
Minister of Agriculture
Teresa Bellanova
5 September 2019 – present
Italia Viva
Before 18 September 2019:
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Giuseppe L'Abbate (M5S)
Sergio Costa 2019.jpg
Minister of the Environment
Sergio Costa
5 September 2019 – present
Independent
Undersecretaries:
Roberto Morassut (PD)
Paola De Micheli 2019.jpg
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport
Paola De Micheli
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Deputy Minister:
Giancarlo Cancelleri (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Roberto Traversi (M5S)
Salvatore Margiotta (PD)
Nunzia Catalfo 2019.jpg
Minister of Labour and Social Policies
Nunzia Catalfo
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Stanislao Di Piazza (M5S)
Francesca Puglisi (PD)
Lorenzo Fioramonti daticamera 2018.jpg
Minister of Education, University and Research[a]
Lorenzo Fioramonti
5 September 2019 – 30 December 2019[b]
Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister:
Anna Ascani (PD)
(until 10 January 2020)
Undersecretaries:
Lucia Azzolina (M5S)
(until 10 January 2020)
Giuseppe De Cristofaro (LeU/SI)
(until 10 January 2020)
Giuseppe Conte 2019 Official.jpg
Giuseppe Conte (interim)
30 December 2019 – 10 January 2020
Independent
Lucia Azzolina 2020.jpg
Minister of Public Education[a]
Lucia Azzolina
10 January 2020 – present
Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister:
Anna Ascani (PD)
Undersecretaries:
Giuseppe De Cristofaro (LeU/SI)
Gaetano Manfredi 2020.jpg
Minister of University and Research[a]
Gaetano Manfredi
10 January 2020 – present
Independent
Dario Franceschini 2019.jpg
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism
Dario Franceschini
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Anna Laura Orrico (M5S)
Lorenza Bonaccorsi (PD)
Roberto Speranza 2019 Official.jpg
Minister of Health
Roberto Speranza
5 September 2019 – present
Free and Equal
(Article One)
Deputy Minister:
Pierpaolo Sileri (M5S)
Undersecretaries:
Sandra Zampa (PD)
Federico D’Incà 2019.jpg
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Federico D'Incà
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries:
Gianluca Castaldi (M5S)
Simona Malpezzi (PD)
Fabiana Dadone 2019.jpg
Minister of Public Administration
(without portfolio)
Fabiana Dadone
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Francesco Boccia 2019.jpg
Minister of Regional Affairs
(without portfolio)
Francesco Boccia
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Giuseppe Provenzano September 2019.jpg
Minister for the South
(without portfolio)
Giuseppe Provenzano
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Elena Bonetti 2019.jpg
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Elena Bonetti
5 September 2019 – present
Italia Viva
Before 18 September 2019:
Democratic Party
Vincenzo Amendola (cropped).jpg
Minister of European Affairs
(without portfolio)
Vincenzo Amendola
5 September 2019 – present
Democratic Party
Undersecretaries:
Laura Agea (M5S)
Vincenzo Spadafora 2019.jpg
Minister for Sport and Youth Policies
(without portfolio)
Vincenzo Spadafora
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Paola Pisano 2019.jpg
Minister for Technological Innovation
(without portfolio)
Paola Pisano
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
Riccardo Fraccaro daticamera 2018.jpg
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Riccardo Fraccaro
5 September 2019 – present
Five Star Movement
  1. ^ a b c On 28 December 2019, after the resignation of former Minister of Education, University and Research, Lorenzo Fioramonti, the prime minister split the Ministry into a Ministry of Public Education and a Ministry of University and Research.
  2. ^ Fioramonti resigned after disagreements on the 2020 financial budget bill. According to Fioramonti, the approved bill allocated insufficient funds for education and research.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Here is Italy's new cabinet in full". www.thelocal.it. 4 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b Barigazzi, Jacopo (4 September 2019). "Italy's Conte presents Cabinet list, with MEP Gualtieri as finance minister". POLITICO. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Governo Conte bis: ecco la lista completa dei ministri". Repubblica.it. 4 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Conte Bis, lunedì alle 11 dibattito fiducia alla Camera". Adnkronos (in Italian). Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  5. ^ Johnson, Miles (4 September 2019). "Giuseppe Conte seeks go-ahead to form Italy coalition government". Financial Times. Rome. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Governo giallo-rosso e l'interesse nazionale". L'HuffPost. 31 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Governo Conte 2, è un esecutivo di 40enni: il più giovane della storia repubblicana. Per Di Maio record alla Farnesina". Il Fatto Quotidiano. 4 September 2019.
  8. ^ Riccardo Merlo (MAIE) confermato sottosegretario agli steri
  9. ^ La Camera vota la fiducia con 343 sì, il premier replica alla Camera fra le proteste. Alzata anche una sedia
  10. ^ Governo, il Conte bis incassa la fiducia alla Camera. Il discorso del premier
  11. ^ Amante, Angelo; Ciociola, Andrea (17 September 2019). "Former Italy PM Renzi leads breakaway from PD, still backs government". Reuters. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  12. ^ https://www.corriere.it/politica/19_agosto_07/voto-tav-giorno-mozioni-senato-lega-vota-quella-pd-5d7ba448-b8e6-11e9-8028-c32e9be56d04.shtml
  13. ^ Squires, Nick (9 August 2019). "Italy's League files no confidence motion in prime minister in bid to trigger election". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  14. ^ a b Giuffrida, Angela (20 August 2019). "Italian PM resigns with attack on 'opportunist' Salvini". The Guardian – via www.theguardian.com.
  15. ^ Horowitz, Jason (20 August 2019). "Italy's Government Collapses, Turning Chaos Into Crisis". The New York Times.
  16. ^ "Governo, Zingaretti: "I 5 punti per trattare con il M5S. No accordicchi, governo di svolta"". Repubblica.it. 21 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Crisi di governo, secondo giro di consultazioni al Colle". Tgcom24.
  18. ^ "Ecco l'accordo sul Conte bis: Zingaretti dà il via libera, nodo su ministeri e manovra". Fanpage.
  19. ^ "Grasso, possibile intesa M5s-Pd-Leu - Ultima Ora". Agenzia ANSA. 19 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Italy's Conte might be back at helm with Salvini shut out". Washington Post.
  21. ^ "C'è l'accordo tra M5s e Pd. Governo giallorosso ai nastri di partenza". Agi.
  22. ^ "Governo, via libera di Rousseau all'intesa M5s-Pd con il 79% dei voti. Conte domattina al Quirinale". Repubblica.it. 3 September 2019.
  23. ^ "Governo, Conte e i ministri hanno giurato. Gentiloni in pole per successione a Moscovici". Repubblica.it. 5 September 2019.
  24. ^ "Governo, i 21 ministri del Conte bis Sette donne, Lamorgese all'Interno". www.ilgazzettino.it.
  25. ^ "Governo, 11 ministri dal Sud: 4 sono campani". Repubblica.it. 4 September 2019.
  26. ^ D'Emilio, Frances (9 September 2019). "Italy's Conte wins first confidence vote in Parliament". AP NEWS. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  27. ^ "Resoconto stenografico dell'Assemblea Seduta n. 222 di lunedì 9 settembre 2019". camera.it (in Italian). Camera dei Deputati. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  28. ^ Zampano, Giada (10 September 2019). "Italy's new pro-EU govt wins vote, now faces 2020 budget". AP NEWS. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Legislatura 18ª - Aula - Resoconto stenografico della seduta n. 148 del 10/09/2019". senato.it (in Italian). 10 September 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  30. ^ Amante, Angelo; Ciociola, Andrea (17 September 2019). "Former Italy PM Renzi leads breakaway from PD, still backs government". Reuters. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  31. ^ Jones, Gavin (25 December 2019). "Italy education minister resigns over lack of funds for ministry". Reuters. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  32. ^ "Conte:: "Separare la Scuola dall'Università. Azzolina ministro dell'Istruzione e Manfredi della Ricerca"". Repubblica.it (in Italian). 28 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  33. ^ Horowitz, Jason (18 January 2020). "As Five Star Party Risks Implosion, Italy Fears the Fallout". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  34. ^ Giuffrida, Angela (22 January 2020). "Luigi Di Maio resigns as leader of Italy's Five Star Movement". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  35. ^ Sciorilli Borrelli, Silvia (9 March 2020). "Italy orders total lockdown over coronavirus". POLITICO. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  36. ^ Di Donato, Valentina; Reynolds, Emma; Picheta, Rob (13 March 2020). "All of Italy is in lockdown as coronavirus cases rise". CNN. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  37. ^ "Governo Conte II". www.governo.it (in Italian). 4 September 2019. Retrieved 7 September 2019.

External links[edit]