Contemporary Jewish Museum
The former Jessie Street Substation (right) and the 2008 addition (left) designed by Daniel Libeskind
|Location||736 Mission Street, San Francisco, California, United States|
|Public transit access||Powell Street Station|
The Contemporary Jewish Museum (CJM) is a non-collecting museum at 736 Mission Street at Yerba Buena Lane in the South of Market (SoMa) neighborhood of San Francisco, California. The museum, which was founded in 1984, is located in the historic Jessie Street Substation, which was gutted and its interior redesigned by Daniel Libeskind, along with a new addition; the new museum opened in 2008. The museum's mission is to make the diversity of the Jewish experience relevant for a twenty-first century audience through exhibitions and educational programs.
The Contemporary Jewish Museum was founded in 1984 and was housed in a small gallery space near San Francisco's waterfront for over two decades. In 1989, the museum initiated a planning process to address the growing community need for its programs. The result was the decision to create a more expansive and centrally located facility with increased exhibitions, an area dedicated to education, and added program areas including live music, theater, dance, literary events, and film. In June 2008, the museum opened a new 63,000 square-foot facility in downtown San Francisco.
The museum has no permanent collection. It curates and hosts a broad array of exhibitions each year in collaboration with other institutions.
The museum’s education programs include public tours, classes and workshops, film screenings, lectures and gallery talks, performances, teacher training, school visits, family tours and art making, and a teen internship program.
The museum's main building is the former Pacific Gas & Electric Jessie Street Substation, which was originally built in 1881 and was rebuilt in 1907 by Willis Polk after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 6, 1974.
Daniel Libeskind designed the new 63,000 square foot (5,900 square meter) interior of the substation, plus a new deconstructivist cubical addition which extends it. The new museum was completed in 2008 at the cost of $47.5 million.
The building's tilted, dark-blue stainless steel cube, constructed by A. Zahner Company, slices into the old substation’s brick, making visible the relationship between the new and the old. Libeskind’s design preserves the defining features of Polk’s old building, including its brick façade, trusses, and skylights. 36 diamond-shaped windows light the top floor of the metal cube, known as the "Yud", which hosts sound and performance based exhibitions. The museum’s other section, a slanting rectangle known as the "Chet", holds the narrow lobby, an education center, and part of an upstairs gallery.
Similar to Libeskind’s Danish Jewish Museum in Copenhagen, the Contemporary Jewish Museum incorporates text into its design. Inspired by the phrase "L’chaim", meaning "To Life", Libeskind let the Hebrew letters that spell "chai" —"chet" and "yud", inspire the form of the building. Libeskind himself explains how he used the letters: "The chet provides an overall continuity for the exhibition and educational spaces, and the yud with its 36 windows, serves as special exhibition, performance and event space." "To Life", also a traditional Jewish drinking toast, refers both "to the role the substation played in restoring energy to the city after the 1906 earthquake and the Museum's mission to be a lively center for engaging audiences with Jewish culture." The Hebrew word pardes, meaning "orchard", is embedded in the wall of the lobby.
The building also houses a multi-purpose event space, an auditorium, Wise Sons Deli, and a museum store.
Critic Christopher Hawthorne of the Los Angeles Times praised Libeskind for a "careful balance of explosive and well-behaved forms" and gallery designs that abandon the architect’s characteristic slanted walls. Likewise, David D’Arcy of the Wall Street Journal sees the museum as a laudable departure from Libeskind’s previous work. He finds a "lightness to this [museum] that is rare in the architect’s work" and that "relieves the surrounding district’s glass and steel tourist-mall monotony."
Former Whitney Museum curator Connie Wolf was the museum's director from 1999 to 2012. Lori Starr, former executive director of the Koffler Centre of the Arts in Toronto, Ontario, Canada was appointed the museum's director in 2013. In 2014, the museum hired Renny Pritikin as Chief Curator. In 2015, the museum hired Anastasia Rygle as Associate Curator.
- Contemporary Jewish Museum. "History and Mission". Retrieved 2008-07-25.
- Hawthorne, Christopher (June 4, 2008). "Slash and yearn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Hamlin, Jesse (May 6, 2007) "Jewish Museum Blanketed in Blue" San Francisco Chronicle
- Bianchini, Riccardo. "San Francisco - Contemporary Jewish Museum by Daniel Libeskind". Inexhibit. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- Contemporary Jewish Museum. "The Building". Retrieved 2015-09-13.
- Lucchesi, Paolo (May 16, 2013). "Deli to open in Contemporary Jewish Museum". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- Staff (ndg). "Lori Starr appointed Executive Director of San Francisco's Contemporary Jewish Museum". Art Daily Newsletter. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Staff (April 9, 2014). "SF's Jewish Museum Names New Chief Curator". Artinfo. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- Staff (ndg). "Anastasia Rygle appointed Associate Curator at The Contemporary Jewish Museum in San Francisco". Art Daily Newsletter. Retrieved 2016-02-25.
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