Contender (dinghy)

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Contender
International maritime signal flag 'Charly'
Contender sailing dinghy.jpg
A Contender on reach at the 1998 worlds
Development
Designer Ben Lexcen
Location Australia
Year 1967
Design One-Design
Role Fleet racing
Boat
Crew 1
Draft 1,447 mm (57.0 in)
Trapeze Single trapeze
Hull
Type Monohull
Construction GRP
Wood
Composite (Wood/GRP)
Hull weight 83 kg (183 lb)
LOA 4,875 mm (191.9 in)
Beam 1,500 mm (59 in)
Hull appendages
Keel/board type Centreboard
Rudder(s) skeg hung
Rig
General Bermuda rig
I (foretriangle height) 4,345 mm (171.1 in)
J (foretriangle base) 1,250 mm (49 in)
P (mainsail luff) 3,050 mm (120 in)
E (mainsail foot) 2,700 mm (110 in)
Mast length 6,427 mm (253.0 in)
Sails
Mainsail area 10.8 m2 (116 sq ft)
Racing
D-PN 90.1[1]
RYA PN 970[2]
Class is a member of World Sailing

The International Contender is a single-handed high performance sailing dinghy, designed by Bob Miller, latterly known as Ben Lexcen, (Australia) in 1967 as a possible successor to the Finn dinghy for Olympic competition.[3][4]

The Contender is recognised as an International Class by World Sailing, the governing body of sail boat racing, which administers the class rules.

Background[edit]

"Single-handed" means sailed by only one person. The boat has a trapeze which allows the sailor to use their weight more effectively. The design of the boat does not favour sailors within a narrow or extreme size or weight range, past champions have ranged from 60 kg to more than 90 kg. While physical fitness, agility and strength are advantageous, good technical sailing skills and experience can count for more.

Sailors wishing to master the Contender must learn how to trapeze and steer the boat at the same time, and how to move about the boat while keeping it level. As part of race tuning, the Contender mast is commonly raked well aft, which results in restricted space between the boom and deck. Tacking consequently requires technique and practice to avoid getting stuck under the boom. Sailing the boat level at all times (except in very light winds) is fastest and reduces capsizes, which can happen fast if the boom dips into the water. There is a trade-off between raking the mast far aft and keeping the kicker (boom vang) tight at all times (which is faster) and the higher probability of capsizing due to this less forgiving set up. Unlike older and heavier dinghy designs, the Contender requires the centerboard to be lowered at least somewhat to avoid quick capsizes when reaching and running in a breeze.

Class rule changes[edit]

The class rules are overseen by the International Contender Association. Proposals for changes to the rules are written down and presented to the class members during the Annual General Meeting (AGM). Before a rule change is taken into effect, the proposal needs to be approved by 2/3 of the member attending the AGM. If the proposal is approved, a next voting round will be done using a postal ballot. If a majority approves, the proposal will go to World Sailing for there approval. If this passes, the rules are updated and effected. Notable changes to the class rules are for instance:

  • allow other materials than aluminium for masts; proposal in 2000 [5][6] and a rule change in 2002
  • allow loose footed sail; proposal in 2000 [5][6] and a rule change in 2002
  • allow other material than aluminium for the boom; proposal in 2002 [7][8] and a rule change in 2003

The Contender Microsite on World Sailing has a section with the latest class rules.[9]

Events[edit]

World Championships[edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1970 Hayling Island[10]  Dick Jobbins (GBR)
1972 Medemblik[11]  Peter Hollis (AUS)
1973 Imperia  Peter Hollis (AUS)
1975 Brisbane  David Pitman (GBR)
1976 Palo Alto[12]  David Pitman (GBR)  Paul Wells (USA)  Peter Newlands (NZL)
1977 Kiel[13]  David Pitman (GBR)  Geoff Whitfield (GBR)  Richard Gladwell (GBR)
1979 Takapuna  Peter Newlands (NZL)
1980 Hayling Island[14]  Peter Newlands (NZL) and
 Geoff Whitfield (GBR)
 Brian Bennett (NZL)
1981 Toronto  Peter Newlands (NZL)
1982 Medemblik[15]  Tony Smith (NZL)  Peter Newlands (NZL)  Keith Paul (GBR)
1983 Belmont NSW[16]  Tony Smith (NZL)
1984 Riva del Garda[17]  Barry Watson (AUS)  Keith Paul (GBR)  Joachim P. Rosler (GER)
1985 Struer  Barry Watson (AUS)
1986 Santa Cruz[18]  Mark Starratt (USA)  Barry Watson (AUS)  Pieter Visser (NED)
1987 Hamburgsund  John Webb (GBR)
1988 Brisbane  Steve Daniel (GBR)
1989 Travemünde  Steve Daniel (GBR)
1990 Hayling Island  John Hardman (GBR)  John Browett (GBR)  Steve Daniel (GBR)
1991 Marsala  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Christopher Burrough (GBR)  Graham Scott (GBR)
1992 Melbourne  Barry Watson (AUS)
1993 Medemblik[19]  Stuart Jones (GBR)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Steven Grimes (AUS)
1994 Attersee am Attersee  Graham Scott (GBR)
1995 Rowayton[20]  Graham Scott (GBR)  Stuart Jones (GBR)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)
1996 Weymouth[21]  Ian Renilson (GBR)  Neil Wilson (GBR)  Jason Beebe (AUS)
1997 Sydney[22]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Ian Renilson (GBR)  Nigel Walbank (GBR)
1998 Cagliari[23][24]  Stuart Jones (GBR)  Graham Scott (GBR)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)
1999 Kiel[25]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Stuart Jones (GBR)  Ian Renilson (GBR)
2000 Medemblik[26][27]  Gabriel Wicke (GER)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Ian Renilson (GBR)
2001 Kingston[28]  Arthur Brett (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Nigel Walbank (GBR)
2002 Melbourne[28]  Arthur Brett (AUS)  Tim Holden (GBR)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)
2003 Plymouth[29]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Tim Holden (GBR)  Stuart Jones (GBR)
2004 Riva del Garda[30]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Marcus Hamilton (AUS)  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)
2005 Travemünde[31]  Jan von der Bank (GER)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)
2006 Fremantle[32]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Marcus Hamilton (AUS)  Tim Hill (AUS)
2007 Medemblik[33]  Marcus Hamilton (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Jan von der Bank (GER)
2008 Kingston[34]  Marcus Hamilton (AUS)  Marco Versari (ITA)  Søren Dulong Andreasen (DEN)
2009 Sønderborg[35]  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Jono Neate (AUS)  Jacob Lunding (DEN)
2010 Brisbane[36]  Jono Neate (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Christoph Homeier (GER)
2011 Weymouth[37]  Bjarke Johnsen (DEN)  Graham Scott (GBR)  Søren Dulong Andreasen (DEN)
2012 St. Petersburg[38]  Antonio Lambertini (ITA)  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)  Søren Dulong Andreasen (DEN)
2013 Gravedona[39]  Søren Dulong Andreasen (DEN)  Simon Mussel (GBR)  Mark Bulka (AUS)
2014 Belmont[40]  Mark Bulka (AUS)  Jono Neate (AUS)  Matthew Mulder (AUS)
2015 Medemblik[41][42]  Simon Mussell (GBR)  Mark Bulka (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)
2016 Santa Cruz[43]  Mark Bulka (AUS)  Jason Beebe (AUS)  Simon Mussell (GBR)
2017 Sønderborg[44]  Jason Beebe (AUS)  Mark Bulka (AUS)  Jesper Nielsen (DEN)
2018 McCrae[45]  Mark Bulka (AUS)  Jason Beebe (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)

European Championships[edit]

Year Location First Second Third
1974 Kiel, GER  David Pitman (GBR)
1975 Strömstad, SWE  David Pitman (GBR)
1976 Hayling Island, GBR  Joachim Harpprecht (GER)
1977 Medemblik, NED  Paul Wells (USA)
1978 Lake Garda, ITA  Tony Smith (GBR)
1979 Lake Silvaplana, CHE  Geoff Whitfield (GBR)
1980 ? Travemunde, GER
1983 Porto Sant'Elpidio, ESP  Keith Paul (GBR)  Joachim Harpprecht (GER)
1985 ? Medemblik, NED
1986 Medemblik, NED  Barry Watson (AUS)
1992 Båstad, SWE  Graham Scott (GBR)
1995 Warnemünde, GER  Graham Scott (GBR)
1997 Aarhus, DEN [46]  Ian Renilson (GBR)  Frank Suchanek (GER)  Jason Beebe (AUS)
2001 Loctudy, FRA [28]  Ian Renilson (GBR)  Christian Brandt (GBR)  Stuart Jones (GBR)
2002 Hellerup, DEN  Graham Scott (GBR)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)
2006 Ebensee, AUT [47]  Christoph Homeier (GER)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)
2008 Punta Alta, ITA [48]  Giovanni Bonzio (ITA)  Marcus Hamilton (AUS)  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)
2010 La Rochelle, FRA  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Bjarke Johnsen (DEN)  Simon Mussell (GBR)
2012 Gottskär, SWE  Andrea Bonezzi (ITA)  Graham Scott (GBR)  Jesper Nielsen (DEN)
2014 Kühlungsborn, GER  Sören Dulong Andreasen (DEN)  Max Billerbeck (GER)  Jesper Nielsen (DEN)
2016 Highcliffe, GBR  Simon Mussell (GBR)  Jesper Nielsen (DEN)  Jan Von Der Bank (GER)
2018 Lake Garda, ITA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Centerboard Classes". US Sailing. Archived from the original on 16 August 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Portsmouth Number List 2017". Royal Yachting Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  3. ^ Henshall, David (2010). 'Hooked On! The International Contender Story. Matador. ISBN 978-1-84876-318-0. 
  4. ^ "The history of the contender class". International Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "AGM Minutes - 2000 - page 1". International Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "AGM Minutes - 2000 - page 2". International Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. 
  7. ^ "AGM Minutes - 2002 - page 1". International Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. 
  8. ^ "AGM Minutes -2002 - page 2". International Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Contender class rules". World Sailing. Retrieved August 21, 2017. 
  10. ^ "1970 World Championships event info". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ "1972 World Championships event info". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  12. ^ "1976 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  13. ^ "1977 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  14. ^ "1980 World Championships results" (PDF). German Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  15. ^ "1982 World Championships results" (PDF). German Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  16. ^ "1983 World Championships event info". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  17. ^ "1984 World Championships report and results" (PDF). German Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  18. ^ "1986 World Championships event info and results". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  19. ^ "1993 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  20. ^ "1995 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  21. ^ "1996 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  22. ^ "1997 World Championships report and results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Contendering 1998-11" (PDF). British Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  24. ^ "1998 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  25. ^ "1999 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Contendering 2001-02" (PDF). British Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  27. ^ "2000 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c "Contendering 2002 Spring" (PDF). British Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  29. ^ "2003 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  30. ^ "2004 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  31. ^ "2005 World Championships report and results". British Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  32. ^ "2006 World Championships report and results". British Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  33. ^ "2007 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  34. ^ "2008 World Championships results". German Contender Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved August 26, 2017. 
  35. ^ "2009 World Championships event info and results". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  36. ^ "2010 World Championships report and results". Sail World. Archived from the original on August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  37. ^ "2011 World Championships event info and results". World Sailing. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  38. ^ "2012 World Championships report and results". Yachts and Yachting. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  39. ^ "2013 World Championships report and results". Yachts and Yachting. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  40. ^ "2014 World Championships report and results". Sail World. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  41. ^ "2015 Event web site". Dutch Contender Association. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  42. ^ "2015 World Championships report and results". Yachts and Yachting. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  43. ^ "2016 World Championships report and results". Sail World. Archived from the original on May 6, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  44. ^ "Contender World Championship manage2sail". www.manage2sail.com. 
  45. ^ "2017 World Championships event info". McCrae Yacht Club. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved August 20, 2017. 
  46. ^ "Contendering 1998-03" (PDF). British Contender Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  47. ^ "2006 European Championships report and results". British Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  48. ^ "2008 European Championships report final day and results". British Contender Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Class associations[edit]

Others[edit]