Content management system
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A content management system (CMS) manages the creation and modification of digital content. These systems typically support multiple users in a collaborative environment, allowing to perform document management with different styles of governance and workflows. Usually the content is a website (or part of it) and the term commonly refers to web content management systems. Web content may include text and embedded graphics, photos, video, audio, maps, and program code (such as for applications) that displays content or interacts with the user. By their nature, CMSs support the separation of content and presentation.
A content management system (CMS) typically has two major components: a content management application (CMA), as the front-end user interface that allows a user, even with limited expertise, to add, modify, and remove content from a website without the intervention of a webmaster; and a content delivery application (CDA), that compiles the content and updates the website.
Content management systems typically provide some of these features:
- search engine optimization
- Integrated and online documentation
- Modularity and extensibility
- User and group functionality
- Templating support for changing designs
- Installation and upgrade wizards
- Integrated audit logs
- Compliance with various accessibility frameworks and standards, such as WAI-ARIA
- Reduced need to code from scratch
- Unified user experience
- Version control
- Edit permission management
- Indexing and search
- Format or style management through themes
- Web-based publishing
Other types of content management systems
Digital asset management systems are another type of CMS. They manage content with clearly defined author or ownership, such as documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers, and scientific data. Companies also use CMSs to store, control, revise, and publish documentation.
There are also component content management systems (CCMS), which are CMSs that manage content at a modular level rather than as pages or articles. CCMSs are often used in technical communication where many publications reuse the same content.
Best known CMSs
Based on market share statistics, the most popular content management system is WordPress, used by more than 28% of all websites on the Internet, and by 59% of all websites using a known content management system, followed by Joomla and Drupal.[better source needed] WordPress can also be used as a Headless CMS using REST API.
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