|This article does not cite any references (sources). (November 2007)|
Contrada (plural: contrade) is a generic name given to various types of Italian city subdivisions, now unofficial. Depending on the case, a contrada will be a località, a rione, a quartiere (terziere, etc.), a borgo, or even a suburb.
In most of Lombardy, a contrada is only a street, but with historical and social importance.
In Veneto, particularly near the Alpine foothills, contrà indicates a smaller hamlet in a rural area (a group of houses usually smaller than a frazione); a synonym is colmel (Ital. colmello); in some municipalities, mostly populated contrae are administered as neighbourhoods (Ital. quartieri; e.g. in Bassano del Grappa, historical contrae Campese, Sant'Eusebio, Valrovina, San Michele and Marchesane have each a neighbourhood council); in Noale, contrae are the seven subdivision that compete in the local Palio.
- In Vicenza, a contrà used to be a neighbourhood in the town centre, but now it replaces the noun via (street) in the old town.
- In Venice, each sestiere was subdivided in contrade.
In Mantua contrada indicates a street in the old town
In Florence a contrada is a street of secondary importance (it is not used officially, though)