Conus arenatus

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Conus arenatus
Conus arenatus 1.jpg
Apertural and abapertural views of shell of Conus arenatus Hwass in Bruguière, J.G., 1792
Conus arenatus 2.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Clade: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Conidae
Genus: Conus
Species: C. arenatus
Binomial name
Conus arenatus
Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
The shell of Conus arenatus
Synonyms[1]
  • Conus (Puncticulis) arenatus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792 accepted, alternate representation
  • Conus arenatus var. aequipunctata Dautzenberg, 1937
  • Conus arenatus var. granulosa Lamarck, 1822
  • Conus arenatus var. mesokatharos Tryon, 1884
  • Conus arenatus var. punctisminutissimis Lamarck, 1822
  • Conus arenatus var. undata Dautzenberg, 1937 (invalid: junior homonym of C. undatus Kiener, 1847)
  • Conus armatus E. A. Smith, 1891 (presumably a lapsus for arenatus)
  • Conus catus var. granulosa Dautzenberg, 1937
  • Cucullus arenosus Röding, 1798
  • Cucullus stercusmuscarum Röding, 1798
  • Puncticulis arenatus E. A. Smith, 1891
  • Puncticulis arenatus bizona Coomans, Moolenbeek & Wils, 1981
  • Puncticulis arenatus var. punctisminutissus Lamarck, 1822
  • Puncticulis arenatus var. undata Dautzenberg, 1937
  • Puncticulis arenatus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792

Conus arenatus, common name the sand-dusted cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

These snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Description[edit]

The size of the shell varies between 25 mm and 90 mm. The shell is stoutly turbinated, coronated on the spire. The color of the shell is white, sprinkled in a waved longitudinal manner with very small, close brown dots, sometimes forming indistinct bands. The aperture has usually a light flesh-color. [2]

Distribution[edit]

This marine species is occurs in the Red Sea and in the Indo-Pacific; and off Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia). The species now also occurs in the Mediterranean off Israel, having invaded as a Lessepsian migrant through the Suez Canal.[3]

References[edit]

  • Bruguière, M. 1792. Encyclopédie Méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. Paris : Panckoucke Vol. 1 i-xviii, 757 pp
  • Röding, P.F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Hamburg : Trappii 199 pp.
  • Tryon, G.W. 1883. Marginellidae, Olividae, Columbellidae. Manual of Conchology. Philadelphia : G.W. Tryon Vol. 5
  • Dautzenberg, P. 1937. Gastéropodes marins. 3-Famille Conidae'; Résultats Scientifiques du Voyage aux Indes Orientales Néerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. Le Prince et la Princesse Lé Belgique. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 2(18): 284 pp, 3 pls
  • Demond, J. 1957. Micronesian reef associated gastropods. Pacific Science 11(3): 275-341, fig. 2, pl. 1.
  • Gillett, K. & McNeill, F. 1959. The Great Barrier Reef and Adjacent Isles: a comprehensive survey for visitor, naturalist and photographer. Sydney : Coral Press 209 pp.
  • Wilson, B.R. & Gillett, K. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. Sydney : Reed Books 168 pp.
  • Barash, A. & Danin, Z. 1972. The Indo-Pacific species of Mollusca in the Mediterranean and notes on a collection from the Suez Canal. Israel Journal of Zoology 21: 301-374
  • Salvat, B. & Rives, C. 1975. Coquillages de Polynésie. Tahiti : Papeete les editions du pacifique, pp. 1-391.
  • Cernohorsky, W.O. 1978. Tropical Pacific marine shells. Sydney : Pacific Publications 352 pp., 68 pls.
  • Coomans, H.E., Moolenbeek, R.G. & Wils, E. 1981. Alphabetical revision of the (sub) species in recent Conidae 4. aphrodite to azona with the description of C. arenatus bizona, nov. subsp. Basteria 45(1-3): 3-55
  • Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, WA : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 2 370 pp.
  • Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae. Volume 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Wiesbaden : Hemmen 517 pp.
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2013) Illustrated catalog of the living cone shells. 517 pp. Wellington, Florida: MdM Publishing.
  • Puillandre N., Duda T.F., Meyer C., Olivera B.M. & Bouchet P. (2015). One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23

External links[edit]