Conus figulinus

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Conus figulinus
Cône FiguesIII.png
Apertural view of a shell of Conus figulinus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Clade: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Conidae
Genus: Conus
Species: C. figulinus
Binomial name
Conus figulinus
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms[2]
  • Cleobula figulina (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Conus (Dendroconus) figulinus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted, alternate representation
  • Conus lucirensis Paes Da Franca, 1957
  • Conus violascens Barros e Cunha, 1933.
  • Dendroconus figulinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Dendroconus loroisii violascens (f) Barros & C.M.I. Cunha, 1933

Conus figulinus, common name the fig cone, is a cone snail, a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

The following varieties or subspecies have become synonyms:

  • Conus figulinus var. chytreus Tryon, 1884: synonym of Conus chytreus Tryon, 1884
  • Conus figulinus var. insignis Dautzenberg, 1937: synonym of Conus buxeus loroisii Kiener, 1846
  • Conus figulinus violascens Barros e Cunha, 1933: synonym of Conus figulinus Linnaeus, 1758

Description[edit]

The size of an adult shell varies between 30 mm and 135 mm. The shell has a chestnut color, encircled by numerous, unbroken, narrow chocolate lines. The spire is chocolate-colored. The body whorl is occasionally narrowly light-banded in the middle.[3]

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin, Mauritius and Tanzania; in the Indo-West Pacific, Indo-Malaysia, Fiji, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, India and Australia (Queensland).

References[edit]

  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Conus figulinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Conus figulinus Linnaeus, 1758.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 22 July 2011.
  3. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 16; 1879
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systemae naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differetiis, synonymis, locis.v. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii 824 pp.
  • Röding, P.F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Hamburg : Trappii 199 pp.
  • Reeve, L.A. 1843. Monograph of the genus Conus. pls 1-39 in Reeve, L.A. (ed.). Conchologica Iconica. London : L. Reeve & Co. Vol. 1.
  • Barros e Cunha, J.G. de 1933. Catálogo decritivo das Conchas exóticas da colecção António Augusto de Carvalho Monteiro. Memórias e Estudos do Museu Zoológico da Universidade de Coimbra 1 71: 5-224
  • Gillett, K. & McNeill, F. 1959. The Great Barrier Reef and Adjacent Isles: a comprehensive survey for visitor, naturalist and photographer. Sydney : Coral Press 209 pp.
  • Wilson, B.R. & Gillett, K. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. Sydney : Reed Books 168 pp.
  • Cernohorsky, W.O. 1978. Tropical Pacific Marine Shells. Sydney : Pacific Publications 352 pp., 68 pls.
  • Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, WA : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 2 370 pp.
  • Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae. Volume 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Wiesbaden : Hemmen 517 pp.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp
  • Puillandre N., Duda T.F., Meyer C., Olivera B.M. & Bouchet P. (2015). One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]