Conus pennaceus

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Conus pennaceus
Conus pennaceus 1.jpg
Apertural and abapertural views of shell of Conus pennaceus Born, I. von, 1778
Conus pennaceus 2.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Caenogastropoda
Clade: Hypsogastropoda
Clade: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Conidae
Genus: Conus
Species: C. pennaceus
Binomial name
Conus pennaceus
Born, 1778 [1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Conus (Darioconus) pennaceus Born, 1778 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Conus aureus Röding, P.F., 1798 (invalid, junior homonym of Conus aureus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792)
  • Conus colubrinus Lamarck, 1810
  • Conus elisae Kiener, 1850
  • Conus episcopus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
  • Conus episcopus mauritiensis Lauer, 1992
  • Conus omaria var. marmoricolor Melvill, 1900
  • Conus pennaceus bazarutensis Fernandes & Monteiro, 1988
  • Conus pennaceus corbieri Blöcher, 1994
  • Conus pennaceus ganensis Delsaerdt, 1988
  • Conus pennaceus tsara Korn, Niederhöfer & Blöcher, 2000
  • Conus praelatus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
  • Conus purus Pease, W.H., 1863, "1862"
  • Conus quasimagnificus Reeve, 1843
  • Conus racemosus G. B. Sowerby II, 1874
  • Conus rubiginosus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
  • Conus rubropennatus Da Motta, 1982
  • Conus stellatus Kiener, 1845
  • Cucullus aureus Röding, 1798 (junior secondary homonym of Conus aureus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792)
  • Cucullus gentilis Röding, 1798
  • Darioconus pennaceus (Born, 1778)
  • Gastridium episcopus Salvat, B. & Rives, C. 1975
A Conus pennaceus attacking one of a cluster of three Cymatium nicobaricum in Hawaii

Conus pennaceus, common name the feathered cone or the episcopal cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Conus pennaceus pennaceus Born, 1778
  • Conus pennaceus pseudoecho (Bozzetti, 2013)
  • Conus pennaceus vezoi Korn, Niederhöfer & Blöcher, 2000
  • Conus pennaceus behelokensis Lauer, 1989:[3] now considered to be a synonym of Conus behelokensis Lauer, 1989
  • Conus pennaceus echo Lauer, 1988:[4] now considered to be a synonym of Conus echo Lauer, 1989

Description[edit]

The size of an adult shell varies between 35 mm and 88 mm. The color of the shell varies from orange-brown to chocolate, covered by minute white spots, and overlaid by larger white triangular spots, sometimes forming bands at the shoulder, middle and base.[5]

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin and Tanzania; off Thailand, Hawaii and Australia (Western Australia).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Born, I. von, 1778. Index Rerum Naturalium Musei Caesarei Vindobonensis. Pars Prima, Testacea.
  2. ^ a b Conus pennaceus Born, 1778.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 19 July 2011.
  3. ^ Conus pennaceus behelokensis Lauer, 1989.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 3 November 2009.
  4. ^ Conus pennaceus echo Lauer, 1988.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 26 November 2009.
  5. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 93; 1879
  • Born, I. von 1778. Index rerum naturalium Musei Caesarei Vindobonensis, pl. 1, Testacea. - Verzeichniss etc. Illust. Vindobonae. Vienna : J.P. Krauss xlii 458 pp.
  • Bruguière, M. 1792. Encyclopédie Méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. Paris : Panckoucke Vol. 1 i-xviii, 757 pp.
  • Röding, P.F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Hamburg : Trappii 199 pp.
  • Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de M. 1810. Suite des espèces du genre Cône. Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris 15: 263-286, 422-442
  • Kiener, L.C. 1845. Spécies général et Iconographie des coquilles vivantes, comprenant la collection du Muséum d'histoire Naturelle de Paris, la collection de Lamarck, celle du Prince Massena (appartenant maintenant a M. le Baron B. Delessert) et les découvertes récentes des voyageurs. Paris : Rousseau et Baillière Vol. 2.
  • Sowerby, G.B. (2nd) 1873. Description of twelve new species of shells. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873: 718-722, pl. 749
  • Wilson, B.R. & Gillett, K. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. Sydney : Reed Books 168 pp.
  • Hinton, A. 1972. Shells of New Guinea and the Central Indo-Pacific. Milton : Jacaranda Press xviii 94 pp.
  • Salvat, B. & Rives, C. 1975. Coquillages de Polynésie. Tahiti : Papéete Les editions du pacifique, pp. 1-391.
  • Cernohorsky, W.O. 1978. Tropical Pacific Marine Shells. Sydney : Pacific Publications 352 pp., 68 pls.
  • Kay, E.A. 1979. Hawaiian Marine Shells. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Section 4 : Mollusca. Honolulu, Hawaii : Bishop Museum Press Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication Vol. 64(4) 653 pp.
  • Motta, A.J. da 1982. Seventeen new cone shell names (Gastropoda: Conidae). Publicaçoes Ocasionais da Sociedade Portuguesa de Malacologia 1: 1-26
  • Vine, P. (1986). Red Sea Invertebrates. Immel Publishing, London. 224 pp
  • Lauer, J. 1989. Complexe Textile-11e partie. Rossiniana 43: 11-18
  • Lauer J.M. (1992) Conus episcopus Hwass in Bruguiere, 1792 et description d'une nouvelle sous-espece de Conidae de l'Ile Maurice. Publicacoes Ocasionais da Sociedade Portuguesa de Malacologia 16: 51-56.
  • Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, WA : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 2 370 pp.
  • Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae. Volume 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Wiesbaden : Hemmen 517 pp.
  • Korn, W., Niederhöfer, H.J. & Blöcher, M. 2000. Conus pennaceus from Madagascar- a complex of geographical subspecies (Gastropoda: Conidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie) 610: 1-25
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition

Gallery[edit]

Below are several color forms:

External links[edit]