Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (São Roque do Pico)

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Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (Convento de São Pedro de Alcântara)
Convent (Convento)
Igreja e Convento de São Pedro de Alcântara, São Roque, ilha do Pico, Açores, Portugal.JPG
The facade of the abandoned church and convent prior to its restoration in the beginning of the 21st century
Official name: Convento e Igreja de São Pedro de Alcântara
Named for: Peter of Alcantara
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Group Central
Island Pico
Municipality São Roque do Pico
Location São Roque
 - elevation 24 m (79 ft)
 - coordinates 38°31′23.14″N 28°19′5.79″W / 38.5230944°N 28.3182750°W / 38.5230944; -28.3182750Coordinates: 38°31′23.14″N 28°19′5.79″W / 38.5230944°N 28.3182750°W / 38.5230944; -28.3182750
Length 53.64 m (176 ft), Northwest-Southeast
Width 44.17 m (145 ft), Southwest-Northeast
Architects Unknown
Style Baroque
Materials Stone, Masonry, Wood, Tile, Azulejo
Origin 1658
 - Initiated 1721
 - Completion 1726
Owner Portuguese Republic
For public Public
Visitation Youth Hostel (Open annually)
Easiest access Rua São João Bento de Lima
Management Direção Regional de Cultura
Operator Pousada de Juventude/Câmara Municipal de São Roque do Pico
Hours 8:00 am to 12:00 pm (Reception)
Status Property of Public Interest
Listing Decree 129/77; DR226, 29 September 1977
Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (São Roque do Pico) is located in Pico
Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (São Roque do Pico)
Location of the convent in the municipality of São Roque do Pico
Wikimedia Commons: Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (São Roque)

The Convent of São Pedro de Alcântara (Portuguese: Convento de São Pedro de Alcântara) is a Baroque convent and church complex in the civil parish of São Roque, in the municipality of the same name, in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores.

History[edit]

The arcade of the cloister fronting the internal patio

The construction of this complex resulted from a religious pledge of piety formulated during the middle of the 17th century, by a native of São Roque do Pico, Sebastião Ferreira Pimentel. In transit to Lisbon, the boat he was travelling on was attacked by pirates or privateers. In their panic, the crew and passengers saw their carrack enveloped by a dense cloud, and when Ferreira Pimentel affirmed that he saw in the rigging of the main mast a figure of a radiant female figure, of rare beauty, which protected them from harm. After the event, the parents of Ferreira Pimentel, Mr. Sebastião Ferreira de Melo and Mrs. Margarida Vieira, ordered the construction in 1658, a small hermitage to the invocation of Nossa Senhora do Livramento (Our Lady of Freedom/Release) in Cais do Pico.

Within a century, with the construction of the Convent of the Order of Friars Minor, or Franciscans under the authority of friar Inácio do Desterro absorbed the primitive structure.[1] Eventually, the convent needed to shelter Franciscan monks from Lajes do Pico following the volcanic eruption of 1 February 1718, that occurred in the civil parish of Santa Luzia, and whose population fled to São Roque for assistance.

Silveira Macedo indicated that on 19 October 1721, the convent and later the church (Christmas 1724) were consumed by fire. Remodelling and reconstruction was only completed in 1726. The writings of friar Bartolomeu Ribeiro, around 1740, indicate that the population around São Roque had hardily grown in the intermediary.

After the forced extinction of religious orders, during the Liberal government, the monks left the convent, and the building began to serve the state in various forms, including prison, courts, finance offices, theatre and cinema, as well as cultural and sports associations and the municipal office buildings. Over time, it began to fall into ruin, with many of the internal spaces vandalized, windows and doors damaged, water infiltration through the roof[2] and most of its artifacts transferred to expositions. It was finally classified as a Property of Public Interest under Decree 129/77, on 29 September 1977, but continued for several years to wait a budget to recuperate and restore its dependencies.[3][4][5]

By 2010, the building was converted into living spaces, as a Youth Hostel (Portuguese: Pousada da Juventude), falling into the network of Pousadas da Juventude dos Açores.

Architecture[edit]

The interior of the remodelled Pousada da Juventude re-utilizing the ruined spaces of the monastic complex
The cloister of the convent, with the multi-step cross-pillory

Over time, the convent and church has become embedded within the urban-rural landscape of the municipality of São Roque do Pico, accessible by Rua São João Bento de Lima. Within the grounds of the convent there are still vestiges of the original courtyard: to the front of the complex is a wall, cistern and access staircase to the former estate, situated on a lower elevation; to the rear of the convent there is still a worked, rectangular poço de maré, of great depths;[6] and the grounds are landscaped by various trees (including Metrosideros and an Araucaria).[5] Still on the grounds, is a more recent monument from the people of Pico dedicated to João Bento do Lima.

The monastic structure consists of a long two-story horizontal facade with a three-story church abutting its western wall, and adjacent bodies characteristic of its role as convent.[5] Behind and hidden by the facade are the convents dependencies and cloister; in the building are still remnants of the ancient refectory, monks' cells and other installations.[5] The kitchen, of grande dimensions, was completely destroyed.

The main floor of the church consists of three Roman Arches and doors (two to the interior of the church and one to the belfry) surmounted by four windows on the second register.[5] The church structure is topped off by a bell-tower and triangular pediment with niche holding the image of Saint Francis of Assisi, and surmounted by a cross.[5] The three storeys are separated by horizontal bands of stone, with the corners, frames, lateral limits, cornices, pilasters and pedestals finished in stone, while the walls are plastered and whitewashed.[5]

Cloister[edit]

In the centre of its rectangular cloister is a Christian pillory, consisting of a pillar, pedestal and base with four steps in concentric circles.[5] On either side of the cloister are five Roman arches, with the middle arch representing the passage to the cloister's patio. The arches and pilars are in worked stone, as is the pavement.[5]

Church[edit]

The church has one nave with high choir and stacidia (choir stall), a pulpit, two lateral altars and presbytery all designed and completed in carved woods.[5] The pulpit sits on a stone base and is carved in wood, with an overhanging wood decoration completed in gilded wood.[5] Under the pulpit, are low relief carvings in stone with convent's heraldry. On the same wall as this pulpit are three confessionals with entrance from the cloister.[5] The two lateral altars and presbytery are decorated in Baroque-era gilded wood, while the roofs consist of painted wood in vegetal designs.[5] The walls of the prebystery present two grand panels of polychromatic azulejo tile, while a stone-worked baptismal fountain completes the utilitarian aspects of the church.[5]

Although the church and convent are dedicated to São Pedro de Alcântara, the main altar displays an image of the Assumption of the Virgin, surrounded by a gilded wood decorations comparable to the Matriz Church of Horta, on which this was likely based. In the sacristy is a grande armorie constructed of Jacaranda wood imported from Brazil.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Idalmiro Ferreira (1992), p. 24
  2. ^ PSD (15 April 2002)
  3. ^ Açoreano Oriental (12 May 2001), p. 17
  4. ^ Direcção Regional da Cultura (2012)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "63.201.50 Convento de São Pedro de Alcântara", Inventório do Património Imóvel dos Açores (in Portuguese), Angra do Heroísmo (Azores), Portugal: Instituto Açoriano de Cultura/Direcção Regional de Cultura, 8 March 2006, retrieved 19 April 2012 
  6. ^ Today the well is actually part of another property-owner's land, and does not pertain to the current Convent grounds
Sources
  • O Açores (in Portuguese), Ponta Delgada (Azores), Portugal, 1955 
  • Ferreira, Idalmiro (1992), Esta terra, esta gente (in Portuguese), São Roque do Pico (Azores), Portugal: Câmara Municipal de São Roque do Pico 
  • Sousa, Sandra Cristina (12 May 2001), Conventos franciscanos orgulho da ilha do Pico (PDF) (in Portuguese), Ponta Delgada (Azores), Portugal: Açoreano Oriental, p. 17, retrieved 16 April 2012 
  • PSD (ed.), Requerimento (in Portuguese), São Roque do Pico (Azores), Portugal: Partido Social Democrata (Pico) 
  • DREC, ed. (2012), Imóveis Classificados (PDF) (in Portuguese), Angra do Heroísmo (Azores), Portugal, retrieved 16 April 2012 
  • Ferreira, José Idalmiro Ávila (1996), Convento S. Pedro de Alcântara (in Portuguese), São Roque do Pico (Azores), Portugal: Junta de Freguesia de São Roque do Pico 
  • Ávila, Ermelindo (1990), Conventos Franciscanos na Ilha do Pico (Notas Históricas) (in Portuguese), São Roque do Pico (Azores), Portugal: Câmara Municipal de São Roque do Pico 
  • "Ficha 35/Pico", Arquivo da Arquitectura Popular dos Açores (in Portuguese), Angra do Heroísmo (Azores), Portugal 
  • "Ficha 23", Inventário do Património Cultural Edificado do Plano Geral de Urbanização da Vila de São Roque (in Portuguese), Angra do Heroísmo (Azores), Portugal 

External links[edit]