The Convent of Santo Domingo is a convent (or monastery) of the Dominican Order in the city of Cusco, Peru. Spanish colonists built it on top of Coricancha, the most important Inca temple of the capital of the people's empire.
Juan Pizarro, brother of Francisco, gave the congregation this land containing the Inca temple. He had received the land in the distribution of lots that took place in October 1534. The congregation was founded that same year, and it was the first Dominican convent in what became Peru. Construction of the first convent building was completed in 1610.
The first prior of the Convent of Santo Domingo was Friar Juan de Olías. He occupied it with a group of Dominican missionaries from Mexico. The convent completely collapsed during the severe damage of the May 12, 1650 Cusco earthquake.
In 1680 construction of the current convent began, financially supported by patrons Diego López de Zúñiga and Antonio de Allende. The architects were Martín Gonzales de los Lagos, Sebastián Martínez and Pedro de Mesa. Part of the choir was built by Francisco Domínguez de Arellano. The convent (or monastery) was completed by addition of the Baroque bell tower in the early 18th century.
Spaniards ordered the Coricancha temple to be torn apart for materials to construct the convent. It was built on top of the remains of that Inca temple. The church of three naves has a dome, stalls for the choir carved in cedar, and walls adorned with Sevillian azulejos, a kind of ceramic tilework.
Today a museum is operated inside the convent; it is divided into four areas:
- The Coricancha.
- Cusco School collection: the art gallery of viceregal art, shows, in two rooms, paintings and religious sculptures of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
- Contemporary art collection: modern works of art acquired by the museum.
- "Colección Ganadores de Concursos del Convento": modern works of art that have obtained the major recognition in the “Predicarte” and “Concurso Navideño de Arte” contests organized by the Convent of Santo Domingo - Qorikancha to promote art in the city.
Apse chapel close up
Cusco School paintings
Remains of wall painting
An 18th century painting in the interior
Exterior view of the remains of the Coricancha
- Ephraim George Squier (1877). Peru; incidents of travel and exploration in the land of the Incas. Harper & Brothers. p. 430, 440.
- Ephraim George Squier (1877). Peru; incidents of travel and exploration in the land of the Incas. London: MacMillan and Co. p. 429. ISBN 1296850730.
- Fodor's Travel Guides (2015). Fodor's Peru: with Machu Picchu & the Inca Trail. ISBN 9781101878668.
- Mario R. Castillo Centeno; Elizabeth Kuon Arce (2017). Cusco: Ciudad, Valle, Departamento. Guía de Arquitectura y Paisaje (PDF). Seville, Cusco: Regional Government of Andalusia. pp. 131, 138, 343, 344. ISBN 978-84-8095-592-8.
- "City of Cuzco - Integrity". UNESCO World Heritage website.
- "Colecciones". Museum of the Convent of Santo Domingo - Qorikancha.