The terms conventional weapons or conventional arms generally refer to weapons whose ability to damage comes from kinetic or incendiary, or explosive energy and exclude weapons of mass destruction (e.g. nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons). Any armament used in crimes, conflicts or wars are categorized as conventional weapons and includes small arms, defensive shields and light weapons, sea and land mines, as well as (non-weapons of mass destruction) bombs, shells, rockets, missiles, cluster munitions, human rights violations, domestic and transnational crime etc.These weapons use explosive material based on chemical energy, as opposed to nuclear energy in nuclear weapons.
The acceptable use of all types of conventional weapons in war time is governed by the Geneva Conventions. Certain types of conventional weapons are also regulated or prohibited under the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. Others are prohibited under the Convention on Cluster Munitions, the Ottawa Treaty (also known as the Mine Ban Treaty) and Arms Trade Treaty.
- "Conventional Weapons | Acronym Institute". www.acronym.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
- Inc., Agence 3Cinq. "Nuclear and Conventional Weapons | Nuclear Darkness & Nuclear Famine". www.nucleardarkness.org. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
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